# On Multi-Criteria Decision Making problem via Bipolar Single-Valued Neutrosophic Settings.

1. IntroductionFuzzy Logic resembles the human decision making methodology. Zadeh [39] who was considered as the Father of Fuzzy Logic introduced the fuzzy sets in 1965 and it is a tool in learning logical subject. He put forth the concept of fuzzy sets to deal with contrasting types of uncertainties. Using single value [[mu].sub.A](x)[member of][0, 1], the degree of membership of the fuzzy set is in classic fuzzy, which is defined on a universal scale, they cannot grasp convinced cases where it is hard to define gA by one specific value.

Intuitionistic fuzzy sets which was proposed by Atanassov [2] is the extension of Zadeh's Fuzzy Sets to overthrown the lack of observation of non-membership degrees. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets generally tested in solving multi-criteria decision making problems. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets detailed into the membership degree, non-membership degree and simultaneously with degree of indeterminancy.

Neutrosophic is the base for the new mathematical theories derives both their classical and fuzzy depiction. Smarandache [4,5] introduced the neutrosophic set. Neutrosophic set has the capability to induce classical sets, fuzzy set, Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Introduceing the components of the neutrosophic set are True(T), Indeterminacy(I), False(F) which represent the membership, indeterminacy, and non-membership values respectively.The notion of classical set, fuzzy set [17], interval-valued fuzzy set [39], Intuitionistic fuzzy [2], etc were generalized by the neutrosophic set. Majumdar & Samant [19] recommended the Single-valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs), which is a variation of Neutrosophic Sets. Wang, et.al [38] describe an example of neutrosophic set and sgnify single valued Neutrosophic set (SVNs).They give many properties of Single-Valued Neutrosophic Set, which are associated to the operations and relations by Single-Valued Neutrosophic Sets.The correlation coefficient of SVNSs placed on the development of the correlation coefficient of Intuitionistic fuzzy sets and tested that the cosine similarity measure of SVNS is a special case of the correlation coefficient and correlated it to single valued neutrosophic multicriteria decision-making problems which was presented by Jun Ye [7]. For solving multi-criteria decision-making problems, he overworked similarity measure for interval valued neutrosophic set. Single valued neutrosophic sets (SVNSs) can handle the undetermined and uncertain information and also symbolize, which fuzzy sets and Intuitionistic fuzzy sets cannot define and finalize.

Turksen [37] proposed the Interval-valued fuzzy set is similar as Intuitionistic fuzzy set. The concept is to hook the anxiety of class of membership. Interval- valued fuzzy set need an interval value [[[mu].sub.A.sup.L](a), [[[mu].sub.A.sup.U](a)] with 0 [less than or equal to] [[[mu].sub.A.sup.L](a) [less than or equal to] [[[mu].sub.A.sup.U](a) [less than or equal to] 1 to represent the class of membership of a fuzzy set A. But it is not suffient to take only the membership function, but also to have the non-membership function.

Bipolar fuzzy relations was given by Bosc and Pivert [3] where a pair of satisfaction degrees is made with each tuple. In 1994, an development of fuzzy set termed bipolar fuzzy was given by Zhang [40].By the notion of fuzzy sets, Lee [16] illustrate bipolar fuzzy sets. Manemaran and Chellappa [20] provide some applications in groups are called the bipolar fuzzy groups, fuzzy d-ideals of groups under (T-S) norm. They also explore few properties of the groups and the relations. Bipolar fuzzy subalgebras and bipolar fuzzy ideals of BCK/BCI-algebras were researched by K. J. Lee[17]. Multiple attribute decision-making method situated on single-valued neutrosophic was granted by P. Liu and Y. Wang[18].

In bipolar neutrosophic environment, bipolar neutrosophic sets(BNS) was developed by Irfan Deli [6] and et.al. The application based on multi-criteria decision making problems were also given by them in bipolar neutrosophic set. To collect bipolar neutrosophic information, they defined score, accuracy, and certainty functions to compare BNS and developed bipolar neutrosophic weighted average (BNWA) and bipolar neutrosophic weighted geometric (BNWG) operators. In the study, a Multi Criteria Decision Making approach were discussed on the basis of score, accuracy, and certainty functions, bipolar Neutrosophic Weighted Average and bipolar Neutrosophic Weighted Geometric operators were calculated. Fuzzy neutrosophic sets and its Topological spaces was introduced by I.Arockiarani and J.Martina Jency [1].

Positive and Negative effects count on Decision making. Multiple decision-making problems have gained very much attention in the area of systemic optimization, urban planning, operation research, management science and many other fields. Correlation Coefficient between Single Valued Neutrosophic Sets and its Multiple Attribute Decision Making Method given by Jun Ye [7]. A Neutrosophic Multiattribute Decision making with Unknown Weight data was investigated by Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri[30]. Neutrosophic Tangent Similarity Measure and its Application was given by Mondal, Surapati Pramanik [11]. Many of the authors[8-14,21,22,24-29,31,32,33,35,36] studied and examine different and variation of neutrosophic set theory in Decision making problems.

Here, we introduce bipolar single-valued neutrosophic set which is an expansion of the fuzzy sets, Intuitionistic fuzzy sets, neutrosophic sets and bipolar fuzzy sets. Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic topological spaces were also proposed. Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic topological spaces characterized a few of its properties and a numerical example were illustrated. Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic sets were compared with score function, certainty function and accuracy function. Then, the bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic weighted average operator ([A.sub.[omega]]) and bipolar single-valued neutrosophic weighted geometric operator ([G.sub.[omega]]) are developed to aggregate the data. To determine the application and the performance of this method to choose the best one, at last a numerical example of the method was given.

2 Preliminaries

2.1 Definition [34]: Let X be a non-empty fixed set. A neutrosophic set B is an object having the form B={<x,[[mu].sub.B](x), [[sigma].sub.B] (x), [[gamma].sub.B](x)>x[member of]X} Where [[mu].sub.B](x), [[sigma].sub.B](x) and [[gamma].sub.B](x) which represent the degree of membership function, the degree of indeterminacy and the degree of non-membership respectively of each element x[member of]X to the set B.

2.2 Definition [38]: Let a universe X of discourse. Then [A.sub.ns]={<x,[F.sub.A](x), [T.sub.A](x)[I.sub.A] (x)>x[member of]X} defined as a single-valued neutrosophic set where truth-membership function [T.sub.A]:X [right arrow] [0,1],an indeterminacy-membership function [I.sub.A]: X [right arrow] [0,1] and a falsity-membership function [F.sub.A]: X [right arrow] [0,1]. No restriction on the sum of [T.sub.A](x), [I.sub.A](x) and [F.sub.A](x), so 0[less than or equal to]sup [T.sub.A](x) [less than or equal to]sup [I.sub.A](x) [less than or equal to]sup[F.sub.A](x) [less than or equal to]3. [??] = <T, I, F> is denoted as a single-valued neutrosophic number.

2.3 Definition [23]: Let two single-valued neutrosophic number be [[??].sub.1]=<[T.sub.1], [I.sub.1], [F.sub.1]> and [[??].sub.1]=<[T.sub.2], [I.sub.2], [F.sub.2]>. Then, the operations for NNs are defined as follows:

i. [lambda] [??] = <1-[(1-[T.sub.1]).sup.[lambda]], [I.sub.1.sup.[lambda]], [F.sub.1.sup.[lambda]]>

ii. [[??].sup.[lambda].sub.1] = <([I.sub.1.sup.[lambda]], 1-[(1-[I.sub.1]).sup.[lambda]], 1-[(1[F.sub.1]).sup.[lambda]]>

iii. [[??].sub.1] + [[??].sub.2] = <[T.sub.1]+[T.sub.2]- [T.sub.1][T.sub.2], [I.sub.1][I.sub.2], [F.sub.1][F.sub.2]>

iv. [[??].sub.1]. [A.sub.2]=<[T.sub.1][T.sub.2] + [I.sub.1]+[I.sub.2] - [I.sub.1][I.sub.2], [F.sub.1]+[F.sub.2][F.sub.1][F.sub.2]>

2.4 Definition [15]: Let a single-valued neutrosophic number be [??] 1=<[T.sub.1], [I.sub.1], [F.sub.1]>. Then, SNN are defined as

i. score function s([[??].sub.1]) = ([T.sub.1]+1-[I.sub.1]+ 1-[F.sub.1])/3;

ii. accuracy function a([[??].sub.1]) = [T.sub.1]-[F.sub.1];

iii. certainty function c([[??].sub.1]) = [T.sub.1].

2.5 Definition [23]: Let two single-valued neutrosophic number be [[??].sub.1]=<[T.sub.1], [I.sub.1], [F.sub.1]> and [[??].sub.2]=<[T.sub.2], [I.sub.2], [F.sub.2]>. The comparison method defined as:

i. if [mathematical expression not reproducible]

ii. if [mathematical expression not reproducible], denoted by

iii. if [mathematical expression not reproducible].

iv. if [mathematical expression not reproducible].

2.6 Definition [6]: In X a bipolar neutrosophic set B is defined in the form

B=<x, ([T.sup.+](x), [I.sup.+](x), [F.sup.+](x), [T.sup.-](x), [I.sup.-](x), [F.sup.-](x)):x[member of]X>

Where [T.sup.+], [I.sup.+], [F.sup.+]: X [right arrow] [1, 0] and [T.sup.-], [I.sup.-], [F.sup.-] : X [-1, 0]. The positive membership degree denotes the truth membership [T.sup.+](x), indeterminate membership [I.sup.+] (x) and false membership [F.sup.+] (x) of an element x[member of]X corresponding to the set A and the negative membership degree denotes the truth membership [T.sup.-](x), indeterminate membership [I.sup.-](x) and false membership [F.sup.-](x) of an element x[member of] X to some implicit counterproperty corresponding to a bipolar neutrosophic set.

2.7 Definition [39, 2]: Each element had a degree of membership (T) in the fuzzy set. The Intuitionistic fuzzy set on a universe, where the degree of membership [[mu].sub.b](x) [member of][0,1] of each element x[member of]X to a set B, there was a degree of non-membership [v.sub.B](x)[member of][0,1], such that [for all] x[member of]X, [[mu].sub.B](x) + [v.sub.b](x) [less than or equal to]1.

2.8 Definition [15, 20]: Let a non-empty set be X. Then, [B.sub.BF]= {<x, [[mu].sup.+.sub.B](x), [[mu].sup.-.sub.B](x)>: x[member of]X} is a bipolar-valued fuzzy set denoted by [B.sub.BF], where [[mu].sup.+.sub.B]: X [right arrow] [0, 1] and [[mu].sup.-.sub.B]: X [right arrow] [0, 1]. The positive Membership degree [[mu].sup.+.sub.B](x) denotes the satisfaction degree of an element x to the property corresponding to [B.sub.BF] and the negative membership degree [[mu].sub.B.sup.-](x) denotes the satisfaction degree of x to some implicit counter property of [B.sub.BF].

In this section, we give the concept bipolar single-valued neutrosophic set and its operations. We also developed the bipolar single-valued neutrosophic weighted ([A.sub.[omega]]) average operator and geometric operator ([G.sub.[omega]]). Some of it is quoted from [2, 5, 7, 10, and 14].

3. Bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic set(BSVN):

3.1 Definition : A Bipolar Single-Valued Neutrosophic set (BSVN) S in X is defined in the form of

BSVN (S) = <v,([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-]), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-]), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-]):v[member of]X>

where ([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+] [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+]):X [right arrow] [0,1] and ([T.sub.BSVN.sup.-], [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-] [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-]):X [right arrow] [-1,0]. In this definition, there [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+] and [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-] are acceptable and unacceptable in past. Similarly [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+] and [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-] are acceptable and unacceptable in future. [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+] and [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-] are acceptable and unacceptable in present respectively.

3.2 Example : Let X={[s.sub.1], [s.sub.2], [s.sub.3]}. Then a bipolar single-valued neutrosophic subset of X is

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

3.3 Definition : Let two bipolar single-valued neutrosophic sets [BSVN.sub.1](S) and [BSVN.sub.2](S) in X defined as [BSVN.sub.1] (S)=<v,([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)): v[member of]X> and [BSVN.sub.2](S)=<v,([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)):v[member of]X>. Then the operators are defined as follows:

(i) Complement

[BSVN.sup.c](S) = {< v, (1-[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+]), (-1-[T.sub.BSVN.sup.-]), (1-[I.sub.BSVN.sup.+]), (-1-[I.sub.BSVN.sup.]), (1-[F.sub.BSVN.sup.+]), (-1-[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-]): v[member of]X >}

(ii) Union of two BSVN

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

(iii) Intersection of two BSVN

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

3.4 Example : Let X={[s.sub.1], [s.sub.2], [s.sub.3]}. Then the bipolar single-valued neutrosophic subsets [s.sub.1] and [s.sub.2] of X,

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

(i) Complement of [mathematical expression not reproducible]

(ii) Union of [mathematical expression not reproducible]

(iii) Intersection of [mathematical expression not reproducible]

3.5 Definition : Let two bipolar single-valued neutrosophic sets be [BSVN.sub.1](S) and [BSVN.sub.2](S) in X defined as [BSVN.sub.1](S)=<v,([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)):v[member of]X> and [BSVN.sub.2](S)=<v, ([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)):v[member of]X>

Then [S.sub.1]=[S.sub.2] if and only if

[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) = [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) = [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) = [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1) = [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-] (i) = [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-] (2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1) = [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2) for all v[member of]X.

3.6 Definition : Let two bipolar single-valued neutrosophic sets be [BSVN.sub.1] and [BSVN.sub.2] in X defined as [BSVN.sub.1](S)=<v,([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)):v[member of]X> and [BSVN.sub.2](S)=<v, ([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2),[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)):v[member of]X>.

Then [S.sub.1] [subset not equal to] [S.sub.2] if and only if

[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) < [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) > [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1) > [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1) < [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1) > [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1) > [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2) for all v[member of]X.

4. Bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic Topological space:

4.1 Definition : A bipolar single-valued neutrosophic topology on a non-empty set X is a [tau] of BSVN sets satisfying the axioms

(i) [O.sub.BSVN], [I.sub.BSVN] [member of] [tau]

(ii) [S.sub.1] [intersection] [S.sub.2] [member of] [tau] for any [S.sub.1], [S.sub.2] [member of] [tau]

(iii) [US.sub.i] [member of] [tau] for any arbitrary family {[S.sub.i] :i[member of]j} [member of] [tau]

The pair (X, [tau]) is called BSVN topological space. Any BSVN set in [tau] is called as BSVN open set in X. The complement [S.sup.c] of BSVN set in BSVN topological space (X, [tau]) is called a BSVN closed set.

4.2 Definition : Null or Empty bipolar single-valued neutrosophic set of a Bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic set S over X is said to be if <v, (0, 0), (0, 0), (0, 0)> for all v[member of]X and it is denoted by [0.sub.BSVN].

4.3 Definition : Absolute Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic set denoted by [1.sub.BSVN] of a Bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic set S over X is said to be if <v, (1,-1), (1,-1), (1,-1)> for all v[member of]X.

4.4 Example : Let X={[s.sub.1], [s.sub.2], [s.sub.3]} and [tau] = {[0.sub.BSVN], [1.sub.BSVN],P,Q,R,S} Then a bipolar single-valued neutrosophic subset of X is

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

Then (X,[tau]) is called BSVN topological space on X.

4.5 Definition : Let (X,[tau]) be a BSVN topological space and

BSVN (S) =<v, ([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-]), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-]), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+], [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-]):v[member of]X> be a BSVN set in X. Then the closure and interior of A is defined as

Int (S) = U {F: F is a BSVN open set (BSVNOs) in X and F [subset not equal to] S}

Cl (S) = [intersection] {F: F is a BSVN closed set (BSVNCs) in X and S [subset not equal to] F}.

Here cl(S) is a BSVNCs and int (S) is a BSVNOs in X.

(a) S is a BSVNCs in X iff cl (S) =S.

(b) S is a BSVNOs in X iff int (S) =S.

4.6 Example : Let X={[s.sub.1], [s.sub.2], [s.sub.3]} and t={[0.sub.BSVN], [1.sub.BSVN],P,Q,R,S}. Then a bipolar singlevalued neutrosophic subset of X is

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

4.7 Proposition : Let BSVNTS of (X, [tau]) and S,T be BSVN's in X. Then the properties hold:

i. int (S) [subset not equal to] S and S [subset not equal to] cl(S)

ii. S [subset not equal to] T [??] nt(S) [subset not equal to] int(T)

S [subset not equal to] T [??] cl(S) [subset not equal to] cl(T)

iii. int(int(S))=int(S) cl(d(S))=d(S)

iv. int(S [intersection] T)=int(S) [intersection] int(T) cl(SUT)=cl(S)Ud(T)

v. int([1.sub.BSVN])=[1.sub.BSVN] cl([0.sub.BSVN])=[0.sub.BSVN]

Proof: The proof is obvious.

4.8 Proposition : Let BSVN sets of [S.sub.i]'s and T in X, then [S.sub.i] [subset not equal to] T for each i[member of]J [??] (a). [US.sub.i] [subset not equal to] T and (b). T [subset not equal to] [intersection][S.sub.i]. Proof: (a). Let [S.sub.i] [subset not equal to] B (i.e) [S.sub.i] [subset not equal to] B, S2CB, ..., [S.sub.i] [subset not equal to] B.

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

[therefore] [S.sub.i] [subset not equal to] T. Hence proved.

(b)Let T [subset not equal to] [S.sub.i] (i.e) T [subset not equal to] [S.sub.1], T [subset not equal to] [S.sub.2], ... T [subset not equal to] [S.sub.i].

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

[therefore] T [subset not equal to] [intersection] [S.sub.i]. Hence proved.

4.9 Proposition : Let [S.sub.i]'s and T are BSVN sets in X then (i). [(U[S.sub.i]).sup.c] = [intersection] [S.sub.i.sup.c], (ii). [([intersection][S.sub.i]).sup.c] = [US.sub.i.sup.c] and (iii). [([S.sub.c]).sup.c] = S.

Proof: [mathematical expression not reproducible] (l)

[mathematical expression not reproducible] (2)

From (l) and (2), [(U[S.sub.i]).sup.c] = [intersection][S.sub.i.sup.c]. Hence proved.

(ii). Similar as proof of (i).

(iii). Let [mathematical expression not reproducible] Hence proved.

5. Bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic Number (BSVNN)

5.1 Definition : Let two bipolar single-valued neutrosophic number(BSVNN) be

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. Then the operations are

i. [mathematical expression not reproducible]

ii. [mathematical expression not reproducible]

iii. [mathematical expression not reproducible]

iv. [mathematical expression not reproducible]

5.2 Definition : Let a bipolar single-valued neutrosophic number(BSVNN) be

[[??].sub.1]=<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)>. Then

i. score function: s([[??].sub.1])=([T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)+1- [I.sub.BSVN.sup.+] (1)+1[F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)+1+[T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)-[I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)-[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1))/6

ii. accuracy function: a([[??].sub.1]) = [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)-[F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)+[T.sub.BSVN.sup.- ](1)[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)

iii. certainty function : c([[??].sub.1]) = [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)-[F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1)

5.3 Definition : The two bipolar single-valued neutrosophic numbers (BSVNN) are compared

[[??].sub.1]=<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1),[T.sub.BSVN.sup.-] (1)),([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1),[I.sub.BSVN.sup.](1)),([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](1),[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](1)>

[[??].sub.2]=<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2),[T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)),([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2),[I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](2),[F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](2)> can be defined as

i. If [mathematical expression not reproducible].

ii. If [mathematical expression not reproducible].

iii. If [mathematical expression not reproducible].

iv. If [mathematical expression not reproducible].

5.4 Definition : Let a family of bipolar single-valued neutrosophic numbers(BSVNN) be [[??].sub.j]=<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](j)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](j)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](j) > (j=1,2,3, ..., n). A mapping [A.sub.[omega]] :Fn [right arrow] F is called bipolar single-valued Neutrosophic weighted average (BSYNW[A.sub.[omega]]) operator if satisfies

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

Here [[omega].sub.j] is the weight of [[??].sub.j] (j=1,2,...n), [n.summation over (j=1)] [[omega].sub.j]=1 and [[omega].sub.j][member of][0,1].

5.5 Definition : Let a family of bipolar single-valued neutrosophic numbers(BSVNN) be [[??].sub.j] =<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](j)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](j)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](j), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.](j)>(j=1,2,3, ..., n). A mapping [G.sub.[omega]]:[F.sub.n] [right arrow] F is called bipolar single-valued neutrosophic weighted geometric(BSVNW[G.sub.[omega]]) operator if it satisfies

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

5.6. Decision making problem:

Here, with bipolar single-valued neutrosophic data, we develop decision making problem based on [A.sub.[omega]] operator Suppose the set of alternatives is S = {[S.sub.1], [S.sub.2], ... [S.sub.m]} and the set of all criterions (or attributes) are

G = {[G.sub.1], [G.sub.2], ...., [G.sub.n]}. Let [omega]=[([[omega].sub.1], [[omega].sub.2], .... [[omega].sub.n]).sup.T] be the weight vector of attributes such that [n.summation over (j=1)] [[omega].sub.j]=1 and [[omega].sub.j] [greater than or equal to] 0 (j=1,2, ... n) and [[omega].sub.j] assign to the weight of attribute [G.sub.j]. An alternative on criterions is calculated by the decision maker and the assess values are represented by the design of bipolar single-valued neutrosophic numbers.

Assume the decision matrix [([[??].sub.ij]).sub.m x n] = [(<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)>).sub.mxn] contributed by the decision maker, for Alternative Si with criterion [G.sub.j], the bipolar single-valued neutrosophic number is [[??].sub.ij]. The conditions are [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij) [member of] [0,1] such that

0 [less than or equal to] [T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij) - [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij) + [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij) - [I.sub.BSVN.sup.](ij) + [F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij) - [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij) [less than or equal to] 6 for i=1,2,3, 1 ... m and j=i,2, ... n.

Algorithm:

STEP 1: Construct the decision matrix by the decision maker.

[([[??].sub.ij]).sub.m x n] = [(<[T.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [T.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)), ([I.sub.BSVN.sup.+] (ij), [I.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)), ([F.sub.BSVN.sup.+](ij), [F.sub.BSVN.sup.-](ij)>).sub.mxn]

STEP 2: Compute [mathematical expression not reproducible] for each i=1,2, .... m.

STEP 3: Using the set of overall bipolar single-valued neutrosophic number of [[??].sub.ij] (i=1,2, ... m),calculate the score values [??]([[??].sub.i]).

STEP 4: Rank all the structures of [[??].sub.i](i=1,2, ... m) according to the score values.

Example (5.7): A patient is intending to analyze which disease is caused to him. Four types of diseases [S.sub.i](i=1,2,3,4) are Cancer, Asthuma, Hyperactive, Typhoid. The set of symptoms are [G.sub.1]=cough, [G.sub.2]=Headache, [G.sub.3]=stomach pain, [G.sub.4]=blood cloting. To evaluate the 4 diseases (alternatives) [S.sub.i](i=i,2,3,4) under the above four symptoms(attributes) using the bipolar single-valued neutrosophic values. The weight vector of the attributes [G.sub.j] (j=1, 2, 3, 4) is [omega] = [(0.25, 0.35, 0.20, 0.20).sup.T].

STEP 1: The decision matrix provided by the patient is constructed as below: [S.sub.i]/[G.sub.i] [G.sub.1] [S.sub.1] (0.3,-0.5)(0.4,-0.4) (0.4,-0.2) [S.sub.2] (0.3,-0.4)(0.7,-0.5) (0.4,-0.5) [S.sub.3] (0.3,-0.4)(0.4,-0.5) (0.5,-0.6) [S.sub.4] (0.3,-0.2)(0.2,-0.1) (0.1,-0.2) [S.sub.i]/[G.sub.i] [G.sub.2] [S.sub.1] (0.3,-0.3)(0.5,-0.2) (0.3,-0.4) [S.sub.2] (0.1,-0.3)(0.2,-0.4) (0.3,-0.5) [S.sub.3] (0.1,-0.2)(0.2,-0.3) (0.3,-0.4) [S.sub.4] (0.3,-0.1)(0.4,-0.2) (0.5,-0.3) [S.sub.i]/[G.sub.i] [G.sub.3] [S.sub.1] (0.6,-0.4)(0.4,-0.3) (0.3,-0.5) [S.sub.2] (0.3,-0.5)(0.2,-0.4) (0.1,-0.3) [S.sub.3] (0.5,-0.4)(0.4,-0.5) (0.5,-0.6) [S.sub.4] (0.2,-0.3)(0.4,-0.7) (0.7,-0.8) [S.sub.i]/[G.sub.i] [G.sub.4] [S.sub.1] (0.1,-0.3)(0.6,-0.4) (0.5,-0.3) [S.sub.2] (0.4,-0.2)(0.2,-0.3) (0.1,-0.2) [S.sub.3] (0.1,-0.3)(0.2,-0.4) (0.3,-0.6) [S.sub.4] (0.1,-0.3)(0.2,-0.5) (0.3,-0.7)

STEP 2: Compute [mathematical expression not reproducible] for each i=1,2,3,4;

[[[??].sub.1] =< (0.3,-0.4) (0.5,-0.3) (0.4,-0.4)>

[[[??].sub.2] =< (0.2,-0.3) (0.3,-0.4) (0.2,-0.4)>

[[[??].sub.3] =< (0.2,-0.3) (0.3,-0.4) (0.4,-0.5)>

[[[??].sub.4] =< (0.2,-0.2) (0.3,-0.4) (0.3,-0.5)>

STEP 3: The score value of [??] ([[[??].sub.1]) (i=1, 2, 3, 4) are computed for the set of overall bipolar single-valued neutrosophic number.

[??] ([[[??].sub.1]) = 0.45

[??] ([[[??].sub.2]) = 0.53

[??] ([[[??].sub.3]) = 0.51

[??] ([[[??].sub.4]) = 0.55

STEP 4: According to the score values rank all the software systems of [S.sub.i] (i=1, 2, 3, and 4)

[S.sub.4] > [S.sub.2] > [S.sub.3] > [S.sub.1]

Thus S4 is the most affected disease (alternative). Typhoid(S4) is affected to him.

Conclusion:

In this paper, bipolar single-valued neutrosophic sets were developed. Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic topological spaces were also introduced and characterized some of its properties. Further score function, certainty function and accuracy functions of the Bipolar single-valued neutrosophic were given. We proposed the average and geometric operators (Am and Gm) for bipolar single-valued neutrosophic information. To calculate the integrity of alternatives on the attributes taken, a bipolar single-valued neutrosophic decision making approach using the score function, certainty function and accuracy function were refined.

Reference:

[1] I. Arockiarani and J. Martina jency(2014), More on fuzzy neutrosophic sets and fuzzy neutrosophic topological spaces, International Journal of Innovative Research and Studies,3(5), 643-652.

[2] K.Atanassov(1986), Intuitionistic Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy sets and systems,, 20,87-96.

[3] P. Bosc, O. Pivert (2013), On a fuzzy bipolar relational algebra, Information Sciences, 219,1-16.

[4] Florentin Smarandache(2002),Neutrosophy and Neutrosophic Logic,First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Set, Probability, and Statistics University of New Mexico, Gallup, NM 87301, USA.

[5] Florentin Smarandache(1999),A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability.American Research Press, Rehoboth, NM.

[6] Irfan Delia, Mumtaz Ali and Florentin Smarandache(2015), Bipolar Neutrosophic Sets and Their Application

Based on Multi-Criteria Decision Making Problems, Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Advanced Mechatronic Systems, Beijing, China, August, 22-24, 249-254.

[7] Jun Ye(2013), Another Form of Correlation Coefficient between Single Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Its Multiple Attribute Decision Making Method, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 1, 8-12. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571265

[8] Jun Ye and Qiansheng Zhang(2014), Single Valued Neutrosophic Similarity Measures for Multiple Attribute Decision-Making, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 2,48-54. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571756

[9] Jun Ye, Florentin Smarandache(2016), Similarity Measure of Refined Single-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Its Multicriteria Decision Making Method, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 12,41-44. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571146

[10] Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik(2015), Neutrosophic Decision Making Model of School Choice, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 7,62-68. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571507

[11] Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik(2015) Neutrosophic Tangent Similarity Measure and Its Application to Multiple Attribute Decision Making, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol.9, 80-87. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571578

[12] Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik(2015) Neutrosophic Decision Making Model for Clay-Brick Selection in Construction Field Based on Grey Relational Analysis, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 9,64-71. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.34864

[13] Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2018), Single Valued Neutrosophic Hyperbolic Sine Similarity Measure Based MADM Strategy,Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 20, 3-11. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1235383

[14] Kalyan Mondal, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2018), Hybrid Binary Logarithm Similarity Measure for MAGDM Problems under SVNS Assessments, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol.20, 12-25. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1235365

[15] M. K. Kang and J. G. Kang(2012), Bipolar fuzzy set theory applied to sub-semigroups with operators in semigroups. J. Korean Society Mathematical Education Series B: Pure and Applied Mathematics, 19(1), 23-35.

[16] K. M. Lee(2000), Bipolar-valued fuzzy sets and their operations. Proceedings in International Conference on Intelligent Technologies, Bangkok, Thailand, 307-312.

[17] K. J. Lee(2009), Bipolar fuzzy subalgebras and bipolar fuzzy ideals of BCK/BCI-algebras, Bulletin of the Malaysian Mathematical Sciences Society, 32(3) 361-373.

[18] P. Liu and Y. Wang (2014), Multiple attribute decision-making method based on single-valued neutrosophic normalized weighted Bonferroni mean, Neural Computing and Applications, 25(7-8) 2001-2010.

[19] P.Majumdar, & S.K.Samant (2014). On similarity and entropy of neutrosophic sets. Journal of Intelligent and fuzzy Systems,26, 1245-1252.

[20] S.V. Manemaran and B. Chellappa, Structures on Bipolar Fuzzy Groups and Bipolar Fuzzy D-Ideals under (T, S) Norms, International Journal of Computer Applications, 9(12), 7-10.

[21] Nguyen Xuan Thao, Florentin Smarandache(2018), Divergence measure of neutrosophic sets and applications, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 21, 142-152. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1408673

[22] Partha Pratim Dey, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2016), An extended grey relational analysis based multiple attribute decision making in interval neutrosophic uncertain linguistic setting, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 11,21-30. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571228

[23] J.J. Peng, J.Q. Wang, J. Wang, H.Y. Zhang and X.H. Chen(2015), Simplified neutrosophic sets and their applications in multi-criteria group decision-making problems, International Journal of System Science doi.10.1080/00207721.2014.994050.

[24] Pramanik, S., Dey, P.P., & Smarandache, F. (2018), Correlation coefficient measures of interval bipolar neutrosophic sets for solving multiattribute decision making problems. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 19, 70-79. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1235151

[25] Pramanik, S. & Mondal, K. (2016). Rough bipolar neutrosophic set. Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management, 3(6), 71-81.

[26] Pramanik, S., Dey, P. P., Giri, B. C., & Smarandache, F. (2017). Bipolar neutrosophic projection based models for solving multiattribute decision making problems. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 15, 70-79.

[27] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri (2018), TOPSIS Strategy for Multiattribute Decision Making with Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Numbers, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,vol.19, 29-39. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1235335

[28] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas Chandra Giri(2018), Distance Measure Based MADM Strategy with Interval Trapezoidal Neutrosophic Numbers, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 19, 40-46. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1235165

[29] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2016), Aggregation of triangular fuzzy neutrosophic set information and its application to multiattribute decision making, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 12, 20-40. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571125.

[30] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2014), A New Methodology for Neutrosophic Multiattribute Decision making with Unknown Weight Information, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems,vol. 3, 42-50. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571212

[31] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2015),Cosine Similarity Measure Based Multiattribute Decision-making with Trapezoidal Fuzzy Neutrosophic Numbers, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 8, 46-56. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571274

[32] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2016), Value and ambiguity index based ranking method of single-valued trapezoidal neutrosophic numbers and its application to multiattribute decision making, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 12, 127-138. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571154

[33] Pranab Biswas, Surapati Pramanik, Bibhas C. Giri(2014), Entropy Based Grey Relational Analysis Method for Multiattribute Decision Making under Single Valued Neutrosophic Assessments, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 2, 102-110. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.571363

[34] A.A.Salama, S.A.Alblowi (2012), Neutrosophic Set and Neutrosophic Topological Spaces, IOSR Journal of Mathematics (IOSR-JM) ISSN: 2278-5728. 3(4)31-35.

[35] Shyamal Dalapati, Surapati Pramanik, Shariful Alam, Florentin Smarandache, Tapan Kumar Roy(2017),IN-cross Entropy Based MAGDM Strategy under Interval Neutrosophic Set Environment, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 18,43-57. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175162

[36] Surapati Pramanik, Rama Mallick, Anindita Dasgupta(2018),Contributions of Selected Indian Researchers to Multiattribute Decision Making in Neutrosophic Environment: An Overview, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 20, 109-130. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1284870

[37] Turksen, I. (1986). "Interval valued fuzzy sets based on normal forms". Fuzzy Sets and Systems, 20,191-210.

[38] H. Wang, F. Smarandache, Y.Q. Zhang and R. Sunderraman (2005), Interval neutrosophic sets and logic: theory and applications in computing, Hexis, Arizona.doi.10.5281/zenodo.8818

[39] L.A. Zadeh(1965), Fuzzy sets, Information and Control, 8(3), 338-353.

[40] W. R. Zhang(1994), Bipolar fuzzy sets and relations: a computational framework for cognitive modeling and multiagent decision analysis, Proceedings of the Industrial Fuzzy Control and Intelligent Systems conference, and the NASA Joint Technology Workshop on Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic and Fuzzy Information Processing Society Biannual Conference, San Antonio, Tex, USA, 305-309.

Mohana K (1), Christy V (2) and Florentin Smarandache (3)

(1) Department of Mathematics, Nirmala College for women,Red Fields, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641 018, riyaraju1116@gmail.com

(2) Department of Mathematics, Nirmala College for women, Red Fields, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641 018, ggma2392@gmail.com

(3) Department of Mathematics University of New Mexico,Gurley Ave.,Gallup, New Mexico 87301, USA. fsmarandache@gmail.com

Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback | |

Author: | K., Mohana; V., Christy; Smarandache, Florentin |
---|---|

Publication: | Neutrosophic Sets and Systems |

Article Type: | Report |

Date: | May 22, 2019 |

Words: | 6093 |

Previous Article: | Neutrosophic Soft Topological K-Algebras. |

Next Article: | Novel Open Source Python Neutrosophic Package. |

Topics: |