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Oil refining industry in Indonesia.


The processing capacity of the country's oil refining industry is still below the requirement. The country's oil fuel (BBM) requirement is estimated to reach 1.253 million barrels per day (bpd) as against production capacity of only 1.077 million equivalent oil (EO).

The BBM requirement is expected to grow 3.2% annually in the coming years. Based on the forecast, the country will need at least two new refineries with a total capacity of 400,000 bpd.

Plans have been made to expand the capacity. Pertamina plans to expand the capacity of its refineries by 872.5 bpd and build new ones until 2017.

The refineries to be expanded in capacity are all owned by Pertamina including the Plaju refinery in South Sumatra to be expanded by 20,500 bpd in 2012; the Cilacap refinery in Central Java to be expanded by 62,000 bpd in 2013, the Dumai refinery in Riau to be expanded by 200,000 bpd, and the Balongan refinery in West Java to be expanded by 200,000 bpd in 2014.

New refineries to be built by Pertamina include one in Banten with a processing capacity 150,000 bpd to start in 2015 and one in East Java with a capacity of 200,000 bpd in 2017.

The factor causing delay in the construction of new refineries in the country is the low gross margin mainly on dependence on imports for crude oil supplies such as from Middle East, Africa and Russia. Crude oil from local producers is even more expensive and shrinking in volume.

The expansion of the refining capacity will also reduce dependence on imports on oil products mainly oil fuels (BBM). The country has continued to depend on import for a large part of its BBM requirement.

Another factor delaying plan is limited financing capacity. An oil refinery will need large investment. One with a processing capacity of 150,000 bpd will cost around US$ 4 billion.

Characteristics of products

Oil refining products consist of two main types--BBM and non BBM


BBM products include

--Avtur --Avgas --Gasoline (RON 88)/ Premium[R] --Kerosene --Gas Oil (ADO/ HSD) --Diesel Oil (IDO/ MDF) --Fuel Oil (DCO/ IFO/ MFO) --Pertamax[R] (RON 91) --Pertamax Plus[R] (RON 95) --Pertadex[R] (cetane 51).


--Lube Base Oil (LBO) --Asphalt --Ready Wax /Paraffin --Naphtha --LSWR --Green Coke --SPBX-40B --Laws /SMT --SGO /GGO --Pertasol CA --Pertasol CB --Pertasol CC --Low Octane Mogas Component (LOMC) --High Octane Mogas Component (HOMC) --Polytham --Propylene --LSFO --Minarex --Musi-Cool --BOD --Residu 1/Res 30/Res38 --Fully Refined Wax --Slack Wax --Sulfur --Asphalt --Smooth Fluid 05

The main BBM produced in volume is automotive gas oil (ADO/ HSD), gasoline (RON 88) or known as Premium brand of Pertamina and kerosene. The production of non BBM is dominated by LSWR, followed by Naphtha.

Processing Capacity of Refineries

The country's oil refining capacity grew in the past several years from 1,057 thousand barrels per stream day (MBSD) in 2006 to 1,077.5 MBSD in 2009. The capacity of some refineries were expanded such as that of the refinery of PT. Patra SK in Dumai, which the capacity of 25 MBSD. This refinery, Group III, produces LBO (Lube base oil) jointly owned by PT. Patra Niaga, a subsidiary of PT Pertamina, and SK Energy Asia from South Korea.

The UPI Refinery--Pangkalan Brandan has been closed since March 2007 by Pertamina as its production fell below an economic scale.. It has a processing capacity of 5,000 bpd of crude oil--less than the minimum level of 6,000--7,000 bpd to reach a break even point.

Most refineries in Indonesia are operated by Pertamina with a capacity of 1,053.7 MBSD. Other refineries are one owned by PT. Trans Pacific Chemical Indotama with a capacity of 100 MBSD; and one by PT. Patra SK-Dumai with a capacity of 25 MBSD, and a supporting refinery owned by the government, Pusdiklat Migas, in Cepu with a capacity 3,8 MBSD.

Profiles of refineries

Refineries of UP II

UP II have two units of refinery Putri Tujuh Dumai with a capacity of 120,000 bpd and Sungai Pakning with a processing capacity of 50,000 bpd.

The location of UP II is in the regency of Bengkalis, Riau. The refineries are located in Dumai on the brink of the Rupat rifer, east of the Dumai city. The construction of the Crude Distilling Unit (CDU) started in 1969 by Ishikawajima Harima Industries Co., a contractor from Japan.

UP II Dumai

The Dumai refinery started operation on 8 September 1971. That year two processing units were built--Naphtha Rerun Unit and Hydrocarbon Platforming Unit--completed and starting operation in 1973.

The refinery of UPII Dumai has 14 production processing units and two supporting production units. Refineries of UP II Dumai consist of old refinery (Existing plant) and new refinery (New Plant).

The Existing Plant consists of 3 processing units--Topping Unit/Crude Distilling Unit (CDU), Naphtha Rerun Unit (NRU), and Hydrobon Platforming Unit (Platforming I).

The New Plant (Hydrocracker Complex) constitutes an expansion of the Existing Plant built in 1981 and started operation in February, 1984.

The New Plant consists of 11 production processing units including High Vacuum Unit (HVU), Delayed Coking Unit (DCU), Hydrocracking Unit (HCU), Naphtha Hydrotreating Unit (NHDtU), CCR Platforming Unit, Destillate Hydrotreating Unit (DHDtU), Amine & LPG Recovery Unit, Hydrogent Plant, Nitrogen Plant, and Sour Water System Plant.

Two production supporting units are tank installation and Shipping and Utilities Unit.

The Hydrocracker Complex serves to process further LSWR (Low Sulfur Waxy Residue) produced by the Crude Distilling Unit (CDU) Dumai and the CDU of Sungai Pakning, to turn out more BBM products ready for use.

BBM accounts for only 37.5% of the crude oil processed with LSWR accounting for 62% and gas for the remaining 0.5%, but by processing further LSWR by the hydrcocracker plant, the BBM production of UP II could be increased to 93.34% of crude oil processed.

The Dumai refinery also produces solid products, green coke and calcined coke, which are used by industries as electrode material in aluminum smelter.

The refinery of Dumai processes crude oil, the types of Sumatra Light Crude (SLC) and Duri Crude Oil (DCO) from PT Caltex Pacific Indonesia. The refiner produces various products of BBM and non BBM. Their BBM products include Premium, kerosene, avtur, JP-5 (special fuel), and diesel oil. Their non BBM products include Elpiji (LPG), green coke, and calcined coke.

BBM produced by UP II Dumai is for domestic consumption especially for the operation areas of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Riau, and Riau islands. Its non BBM product (coke) is for exports.

Most or 90% of distribution is made through ships and 10% through pipelines. UP II Dumai has a number of supporting facilities including storage tanks, power generating plants including four units of coal fired power plant (PLTU), 2 units of gas fired power plant (PLTG) and 4 units of combined cycle power plant (PLTGU)--with a total capacity of 104 megawatts.

UP II Dumai also has special port on the eastern coast of the city of Dumai facing the island of Rapat, and LPG filling stations.

Refineries UP II Sungai Pakning

The Sungai Pakning refinery is located on the brink of the Pakning rifer over a land plot of 40 hectares. The oil refinery was built in November 1968 by Refican Ltd. (Refining Associates Canada Limited).

It started production in December 1969. In he first year of its operation it has a processing capacity of 25,000 bpd.

In September 1975, the entire operation of the refinery was handed over by Refican to Pertamina. Later its processing capacity was expanded.

By the end of 1977, the processing capacity was raised to 35,000 barrels per day (bpd) and April 1980 it was raised further to 40,000 bpd and in 1982 capacity met the design capacity of 50,000 bpd.

The Sungai Pakning refinery has units of CDU, ITP (Installation tank and shipping), utilities, and laboratory.

The ITP unit is to handle the operation of crude and product tanks, in addition to loading and unloading of crude oil and oil products, and management of oil waste separator.

The utilities facility unit in the refinery handle water treatment plant (WTP) of Sejangat and Water Intake of Sungai Dayang, and operates boiler (steam producer), WDcP (Water Decoloring Plant) and RO (Reverse Osmosis). The facilities are used in the operation of power plants and are compression.

Seven power generators in the form of gas turbine in Sei Pakning are used to supply power to factory, office, health center and maternity hospital, housing and other facilities.

The Sungai Pakning refinery processes SLC (Sumatra Light Crude) making up 83%; LCO (Lirik Crude Oil) making up 15%; and SPC (Selat Panjang Crude) and Slop Oil making up the rest.

The refinery produces straight run naphtha (SRN) 8%; kerosene 16%; ADO (Automotive Diesel Oil) 17%; LSWR 58% and gas & losses 1%.

Naphtha from Sungai Pakning is sent to Dumai to be processed further into Mogas in the Refinery of Dumai (Secondary Processing).

Kerosene and diesel are sent to Siak Depot Siak and Bengkalis. Kerosene and diesel oil have also been sent to Belawan, Padang, Tembilahan, Krueng Raya, and Tanjung Gerem.

LSWR is sent to the Refinery of Dumai to be processed in the High Vacuum Unit (HVU) and the Hydrocracker Unit (HCU). LSWR is also exported. By the end of 1983, after the operation of the Hydrocracker plant of Dumai, the LSWR from the Refineries of Putri Tujuh Dumai and Sei Pakning is all processed further into BBM, green coke, calcined coke, and LPG.

Refinery of Musi/Plaju

This refinery is located near the Musi rifer, Palembang and was built in 1930 by Shell including primary and secondary processing units.

The primary unit turns out BBM like avgas, avtur, Premium gasoline, kerosene, ADO, IDOP, MFO and Pertamax gasoline. The secondary unit constitutes a Fuel Catalytic Cracker (FCC) which produces Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) and Polytham.

The Mus Refinery also produces cooling gas Musi-Cool--as a substitute for CFC. The use of CFC has been banned as it proves to cause damage to the ozon layer with its ODS (Ozone Depleting Substance).

In addition, the refinery produces propelling gas Hydrocarbon Aerosol Propellant--which is environmentally friendly used in cosmetic, spray paint and insecticide industries. It was first produced on 10 December 2004.

The Musi Refinery could produce 4 tons/day of Musi-Cool, 30 tons of aerosols per day. Musi-Cool is sold in 4 grades, and aerosol in 2 grades.

Cilacap Refinery

The Refinery of Cilacap processes imported crude oil from Saudi Arabia, Iran, and other countries. The crude oil has higher sulfur content that makes it cheaper in price.

The primary unit produces all types of BBM including avtur, avgas, Premium gasoline, kerosene, ADO, IDO, MFO and Pertamax gasoline.

The secondary unit, which constitutes Fuel Catalytic Cracker (FCC) produces Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) and Polytham.

Pertamina plans to expand the refining capacity of the Cilacap refinery by 62,000 bpd in 2013. The plan for the Cilacap refinery is part of Pertamina's capacity expansion plan by 872,500 bpd in 2017 involving a number of its refineries including the Refineries of Musi/ Plaju, Balongan, and Dumai, and construction of new refineries in Banten and East Java.

Refinery of Balikapapan

The Refinery of Balikpapan (UP V) located in Teluk Balikpapan, East Kalimantan over a 2.5 sq. km plot of land consists of 2 units Balikpapan I with a capacity of 60 MBSD and Balikpapan II with a capacity of 200 MBSD.

The Refinery of Balikpapan has two processing units--primary unit and secondary unit, which is Catalytic Refinery Processing (CRP).

The Refinery produces all kinds of BBM including avtur, avgas, Premium gasoline, kerosene, ADO, IDO, MFO and Pertamax gasoline. Its BBM production is for the eastern part of Indonesia.

The refinery could process crude oil from nearby oil wells of TotalFinaElf, Unocal, and Talisman.

Pertamina signed cooperation agreement with Star Petro Energy and Itochu in March t 2009 to improve the performance of the Refinery of Balikpapan.

Refinery of Balongan

This Refinery was built with a processing capacity of 125,000 bpd. The refinery has two processing units Crude Distillation Unit (CDU) and Residual Catalytic Cracking Unit (RCCU).

CDU processes crude oil into naphtha, kerosene, ADO, and residue and the RCCU processes the residue into LPG and Premium gasoline and Pertamax gasoline. The capacity of the RCCU unit is 83,000 bpd.

The refinery processes crude oil from the Minas and Duri oil fields in Riau, 100,000 barrels and 25,000 barrels per day respectively

The crude oil from Duri has higher metal content that it needs ARHDM (Atmospheric Residue Hydrodemetallization) technology.

Pertamina plans to increase the refining capacity of Balongan from 200,000 bpd to 325,000 bpd of crude oil in 2010 expected to be completed in 2014. Te unit to be built is an additional unit of CDU. The expansion plan was originally to start in 2012 but fast growing demand for BBM in the country necessitates acceleration of plan.

In January 2008, Pertamina already started building RCC Off Gas to Propylene (ROPP) project with an investment estimated at US$283 million to be completed in October 2010.

The project is being built by PT Rekayasa Industri (Rekind) for the construction of processing unit, utility facilities, and offsite facility. ROPP is to use the technology of olefins conversion technology (OCT) from Lumnus Technology Inc. USA.

Rekind cooperates with Toyo Engineering Corporation (TEC). Rekind and Toyo have cooperated in the development of Blue Sky project of Balongan, Indramayu, West Java, Petronas Aromatic Project Piping Work (Trengganu, Malaysia) and Kujang 1B fertilizer plant in Cikampek, West Java.

The ROPP technology combines refinery of oil and petrochemical, a system which is still new in Indonesia. ROPP could increase the propylene production of the Balongan refinery by 179,000 tons per year.

Kassim Refinery

The Kassim Refinery located in Sorong, Papua, has a CDU unit with a capacity of 10,000 bpd. This Refinery was built to supply part of BBM requirements for the eastern part of Indonesia. This refinery produces Premium gasoline, kerosene and ADO.

In 2002, the refinery suspended operation on delay in the supply of basic material in crude oil. from Salawati oil field of Devon Energy.

The refinery produces 1,000 bpd of Premium gasoline, 2,000 bpd of kerosene and 3,000 bpd of ADO.

Cepu Refinery

This refinery is owned and operated by Oil and Gas Education and Training Center (Pusdiklat Migas). It has a capacity of 3,800 bpd.

Refinery of PT. Patra SK Dumai

Construction of the refinery began in 2007 as a cooperation project between Pertamina's subsidiary PT. Patra Niaga and SK Energy Asia. It has a processing capacity of 25,000 bpd. The two shareholkders established a joint venture company PT. Patra SK to operate the refinery.

It is a strategic cooperation between Pertamina and SK Energy with Pertamina having the basic material from y UP II-Dumai, and SK Energy having the market.

This project is known as project L producing Lube Base Oil Group III. Earlier Pertamina produced LBO group I & II HVI-60, HVI-95, HVI-1605, HVI-160 B and HVI-650, from the Refinery of Unit IV in Cilacap.

The LBO factory to be built consists of two main units Vacuum Distillation Unit (VDU) with a capacity of 25 MBSD and Catalytic Dewaxing Unit (CDU) with a capacity 9 MBSD. The feedstock for the VDU unit is unconverted oil from the Hydro Cracking Unibon (HCU) of the UP II refinery.

In the first phase, it will have a production of 7,250 bpd and to be increased to optimum level of 10,000 bpd. The investment for the project is estimated at US$175 million to be provided by PT Patra Niaga and SK Energy Asia respectively 35% and 65%.

The plant already started operation in April, 2008 producing LBO of Group III types of 100-N for exports.

Production up

The country's production of refinery products rose in 2007 and 2008 after declining in 2005 and 2006. The decline in 2005 and 2006 was on weak demand as a result of price hike. The BBM prices surged as a result of falling production.

The economy that began to expand in 2007 pushed up consumption of refinery products both BBM and non BBM and the increase boosted production by 0.8% to 333,540,301 barrels equivalent oil (EO) in 2007. The production growth in 2008 was higher at 3.3% to 344,383,282 barrels EO. The relatively strong growth came with stable economy that year. However, in the first quarter of 2009, the production growth was slower compared with the same period in 2008.

The production of Indonesia's oil refineries grew again in 2007 and 2008 after slowing down in 2005 and 2006 on weak demand as a result of price hikes with shortfall in production.

The production in the first quarter of 2009 reached 80,269,178 barrels EO consisting of 58,298,783 barrels BBM and 21,970,395 barrels EO non BBM--down from the production in the first quarter of 2008, that reached 85,628,608 barrels EO consisting of BBM making up 62,178,124 barrels and non BBM making up 23,450,484 barrels EO. The decline was attributable to the slump hat hits the global economy in 2009.

However, the production in the first quarter of 2009 was still higher than in the same period in 2007. In the first quarter of 2007, the refinery production reached only 76,171,866 barrel consisting of BBM making up 55,755,394 barrel and non BBM making up 20,416,472 barrels EO.

Exports down

Indonesia's exports of oil refinery products fell in the past two years. In 2007 exports fell 19% to 44,944,323 barrels from the previous year.

In 2008, exports fell further 74.7% to only 11,364,443 barrels. Increase in exports in the past five years was recorded only in 2006 when exports rose 29.3% to 55,456,683 barrels.

The decline in 2007 was recorded mainly in the exports of Decant Oil, LSWR, Green Coke, LPG, and PTA. Exports of naphtha that year, however, shot up from 7.5 million barrels to 26.2 million barrels.

The decline in 2008 was recorded mainly in the exports of V. Residue, Naphtha, and LSWR as well as the fact that there was no import that year.

Imports fluctuating

Indonesia 's imports of BBM reached around 50% of the country's total production every year. One factor causing the high imports every year is that the country's refinery industry is less competitive.

Some of the country's crude oil products have high content of metal that the cost pf processing is higher. For example, crude oil from the Duri field which used by the Balikpapan refinery needs ARHDM (Atmospheric Residue Hydrodemetallization) technology because of the high metal content. The refinery products could not compete well in the l market.

The country, therefore, has to imports crude from far countries like Saudi Arabia, Russia, and African countries that need higher transport cost.

The rise in the oil prices also caused fluctuation in the gross margin of the country's refineries. Indonesia often chooses to import refined products of oil because of the uncertainty in the margin rather than processing crude oil.

Imports of oil products in 2007 rose 19.1% from 2006 to 131,975,084 barrels. The increase was sharper in the imports of ADO--up from 9.5 million barrels to 65.6 million barrels, and gasoline / premium from 30.8 million barrels to 41.2 million barrels.

Imports of other oil products including avtur, fuel oil, kerosene and LPG also increased.

Decline was recorded in the imports of industrial diesel oil (IDO) from 44.9 million barrel. to zero, Pertamax down from 1.57 million barrels to zero, reformat from 110,227 barrels to zero, Pertamax Plus from 654,105 barrels to zero and HOMC from 5.5 million barrels to 681,150 barrels.

In 2008, imports fell further by 64% to 46,928,345 barrels. Decline was recorded mainly in the imports of ADO, Premium gasoline and fuel oil.

Increase was recorded in the imports of fuel oil and Pertamax though small in volume respectively at 9,434 barrels and 76,374 barrels The ups and downs in the imports depend on the prevailing prices of crude oil in the world market.

In 2006 and 2008, the prices of crude oil in the world market were higher than in 2005 and 2007. In 2006 and 2008, the prices of crude oil were US$60.4 per barrel and US$88.1 per barrel as against US$50.6 per barrel and US$52.5 per barrel in 2005 and 2007.

Other factors such as government policies also have their impact on imports of certain oil products such as kerosene. Imports of kerosene in the past several years also declined with shrinking consumption partly as a result of the conversion into LPG in consumption.

Consumption down

The country's consumption of BBM in the past three years until 2008 tended to decline especially in the consumption of ADO, Premium, and kerosene. The decline was caused by a number of factors including price hike in October 2005.

Consumption of BBM in 2006 fell 4.6% to 60.9 million KL. In 2007 and 2008, the declines were sharper by 12.7% to 53.2 million KL and 31.9% to 36.2 million KL.

The price fluctuations in the prices of oil in the world market had little effect on the consumption of subsidized BBM but the effect was significant on the consumption of non subsidized BBM such as Ron 92 (Pertamax) and Ron 95 (Pertamax Plus).

In 2007, the consumption of Ron 92 and Ron 95 reached 427,671 KL and 473,248 KL respectively or higher than 2006's consumption of 367,187 KL and 128,305 KL respectively. In 2008, consumption reached 121,735 KL and 109,970 KL respectively.

Transport sector the largest user

The transport sector is the largest consumer of BBM in the country, followed by the household sector, but starting 2005, the position was taken over by the industrial sector partly as a result of the fast growing manufacturing sector.

In 2007 and 2008, BBM consumption for the transport sector fell 7.1% and 23.3% to 29,576,201 KL and 22,679,115 KL respectively.

Bojonegara oil refinery project

STX Corp of South Korea agrees to join a consortium to build the Bojonegara Bay Refinery in Banten coastal city of Bojonegara.

Earlier it was reported state oil and gas company PT Pertamina, National Iranian Oil Refining & Distribution Company (NIORDC) and Petro Field Malaysia plan to establish a joint venture to build the refinery.

The refinery earlier estimated to cost around US$4.7 billion will have a have a processing capacity of 300,000 barrels of crude oil per day to be supplied partly from Iran.

STX Corp. was invited to join the consortium on financial difficulty. STX agreed to finance the project and in return it wants to be the off taker and cut the project cost to less than $3 billion. If STX is to become the off taker, construction of the refinery would not serve the original purpose of reducing dependence on imports for oil products.

Based on the earlier agreement, NIORDIC and Pertamina are to have a 40% stake and Petro Filed a 20% stake in the venture. Under the cooperation, NIORDIC will supply crude oil--heavy and extra heavy crude oil with 20% sulfur content; and Pertamina is to buy all the output.

Among the factors delaying the implementation of the projects include rate of return (IRR) seen not good enough to attract investors as the project cost is increasing.

Originally the project was estimated to cost US$4.7 billion with a processing capacity of 300,000 bpd or US$2.7 billion with a capacity of 150,000 bpd, but later the cost surged to US$3.8 billion with a capacity of only 150,000 bpd resulting in the IRR down to around 12% making it much less attractive.

The refinery to produce more petroleum coke such as ADO or gas oil making up 55%. Petroleum coke could be processed into gas in hydrogen plant. The market of the product is available state gas distribution company PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (PGN).

STX, however, wants differently. It wants the refinery to also produce asphalt, which Marubeni agrees to buy at market price. STX sees that petroleum coke is economically lower in value than asphalt.

Any change in the configuration of the refinery could also delay implementation of the project as it would require recalculation of cost from the beginning.


The domestic requirement of oil products both BBM and non BBOM is estimated to continue to scale up in the coming years. Meanwhile, the domestic production capacity remains to fall short of the requirement.

In 2009, the country BBM requirement is forecast to reach 1,253 million bpd equivalent oil as against production capacity of only 1.177 million bpd EO.

With annual requirement forecast to rise 3.2% a year Indonesia will need at least two more refineries with a total processing capacity of 400,000 bpd of crude oil.

Plans have been made to expand the capacity or build new refineries but none of the plans have come to reality. In Banten there is plan to build a new refinery with a processing capacity of 150,000 bpd of crude oil. Indonesia relies on the involvement of foreign partners including from Iran, Malaysia and lately South Korea to build the project estimated to cost around US$4 billion.

The foreign partners will certainly demand certain conditions such as being the off taker of the production. If such as scheme is to be accepted, it would not help much reduce dependence on imports for oil products. Difficulty in securing funds has weakened the position of Indonesia in bargaining with foreign investors.

Meanwhile, the country's production of crude oil has fallen below requirement hat the country will have to depend on import to feed its refineries.
Processing capacity of refineries in Indonesia 2009

Players Location Unit (MBSD)

PT. Pertamina UP II--Dumai CDU, HVU, H-Cracker, 127
(Persero) D-Coker, Platformer

 UP II--Sungai 50

 UP III--Plaju CDU, HVU, FCCU, Poly 133.7
 Propylene, PTA

 UP IV--Cilacap Fuel Comb I&II, Lube 348
 Oil Pant I II III,
 Asphalt Plant,
 Paraxylene Plant.

 UP V--Balikpapan CDU, HVU, H-Cracker, 260
 Platformer, Wax plant

 UP VI--Balongan CDU, ARHDM, RCC 125
 Complex, Propulene
 Rec, LPG Plant

 UP VII--Kasim CDU, NHDT, PLF 10

Sub total 1048.7

PT. Patra SK VDU, CDU 25

Lemigas Cepu 3,8

Total 1,077.5

Sources: Ministry of ESDM, BPD Migas, Pertamina, Data Consult

Power generators of Sei Pakning Refinery

Generating machines Capacity (KWH)

GE-02 500
GE-03 500
GE-04 500
GE-05 750
GE-06 750
GE-10 2.500
GE-11 2.500

Source: Pertamina

Production of refineries 2004-2009 * (barrel equivalent oil/ EO)

 Production of Production of Growth
Year BBM Non BBM Total (%)

2004 283.153.426 69.412.628 352.566.054
2005 268.528.779 70.681.335 339.210.114 -3,8
2006 251.052.580 79.864.266 330.916.846 -2,4
2007 244.395.872 89.144.429 333.540.301 0,8
2008 251.530.606 92.852.676 344.383.282 3,3
2009 * 58.298.783 21.970.395 80.269.178 --

Note: *) first quarter

Source: Ministry of ESDM, Data Consult

Volume of exports of oil refinery products, 2004 - 2008

 2004 2005 2006

Decant Oil 0 4,072,668
HVGO 707,977 355,013
LSWR 31,474,912 31,280,316 33,207,840
Naphtha 8,613,873 6,531,059 7,478,250
V. Residue 589,601 1,531,307 3,441,493
Benzena 170,943 167,800
Green Coke 1,821,439 187,919 1,789,491
Lube Based Oil 384,247 64,162 644,850
Paraxylene 357,251 76,973
PTA 290,695 32,606 1,082,727
Slack Wax
Fully Refined Wax 20,594 19,291
Hard Scale White 1,754
Heavy Aromatics 108,076 26,490
LPG 61,582 2,483,330
Slack Wax 1,713 608,713
Aromatic 21,751
Asphalt 6,991
Fuel oil 3,227,341 3,233,543
Total 47,837,235 42,882,663 55,456,683
Growth (%) -10,4 29,3

 2007 2008

Decant Oil 477,360 943,677
HVGO 56,994 0
LSWR 6,294,511 7,223,070
Naphtha 26,230,969 1,933,206
V. Residue 11,623,916 1,264,490
Benzena 9,744
Green Coke 144,024
Lube Based Oil 49,326
Paraxylene 38,809
PTA 15,500
Slack Wax 3,170
Fully Refined Wax
Hard Scale White
Heavy Aromatics
Slack Wax
Fuel oil
Total 44,944,323 11,364,443
Growth (%) -19,0 -74,7

Source: Ministry of ESDM, Data Consult

Imports of oil refinery products, 2004-2008


Types of
products 2004 2005 2006

Avtur 4,078,802 4,355,206 4,392,495
Fuel oil 11,349,479 8,148,131 8,951,952
IDO 44,974,431
ADO 61,524,056 93,966,436 9,466,915
Kerosene 17,399,283 16,369,769 3,894,301
Pertamax 1,569,680
Premium 15,907,169 31,867,036 30,833,582
Reformat 110,227
Pertamax Plus 654,105
LPG 590,095 20,256 386,252
HOMC 27,758,238 17,780,053 5,569,125
Total 138,607,122 172,506,887 110,803,065
Growth (%) -- 24,5 -35,8

Types of
products 2007 2008

Avtur 8,685,951 1,407,993
Fuel oil 9,416,933 5,754,507
IDO 9,434
ADO 65,635,877 25,378,747
Kerosene 5,768,800 537,113
Pertamax 76,374
Premium 41,249,103 13,707,894
Pertamax Plus
LPG 537,270 56,283
HOMC 681,150
Total 131,975,084 46,928,345
Growth (%) 19,1 -64,4

Source: Ministry of ESDM, Data Consult

BBM sales in volume , 2004-2008

Types of BBM 2004 2005 2006

Avgas 3,416 3,068 3,390
Avtur 2,437,923 2322635 2,428,078
Premium 16,418,016 17480327 17,566,356
Kerosene 11,846,119 11,385,584 10,031,517
ADOr 26,487,751 27,056,409 24,901,226
IDO 1,093,414 889,548 570,863
Fuel oil 5,754,507 4,734,052 4,988,100
Ron 92 197,705 709,190 367,187
Ron 95 38,454 617,300 128,305
Total 64,277,305 63,871,623 60,985,022
Growth (%) -0.6% -4.5%

Types of BBM 2007 2008

Avgas 2,053 1,970
Avtur 2,143,001 1,889,070
Premium 16,616,343 11,283,564
Kerosene 9,099,893 5,065,977
ADOr 19,857,945 14,815,245
IDO 675,008 117,646
Fuel oil 3,933,074 2,829,592
Ron 92 427,671 121,735
Ron 95 473,248 109,970
Total 53,228,236 36,234,769
Growth (%) -12.7% -31.9%

Source: Ministry of ESDM, Data Consult

Consumption of BBM by sectors, 2004-2008

Sectors 2004 2005 2006

Transport 32.198.276 31.896.540 31.829.169
Household 11.787.354 11.294.677 9.951.951
Manufacture 13.494.759 11.710.046 11.021.186
Electricity 6.796.916 9.003.023 9.003.023
Total 64.277.305 63.871.623 60.985.022

Sectors 2007 2008

Transport 29.576.201 22.679.115
Household 9.055.221 5.043.051
Manufacture 12.860.843 5.203.479
Electricity 1.735.970 3.309.124
Total 53.228.235 36.234.769

Source: Ministry of ESDM, Data Consult
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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Article Type:Industry overview
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Jul 1, 2009
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