OSHA: update 2010.
In 2010 AMI signed on for another two-year Alliance agreement. Just as we created the Mushroom Good Agriculture Program, AMI will develop a Mushroom OS! IA Program with safety forms and information for all members. OSHA reviewed our Alliance and recently published an overview on the U.S. Department of Labor's Web site. The overview and site-specific programs are presented this month.
A Good First Step toward Having a Safe Farm
Job Safety Analysis (ISA) and Job Hazard Analysis (IIIA) are two terms for the same thing. You can use either term - I like using JSA because it contains the word "Safe." A JSA form is used for all jobs or tasks performed on the farm to assess any hazardous conditions in the workplace. It then becomes a guide to determine personal protective equipment for performing that task.
Why Create a JSA?
* The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OS 11 A) requires a JSA under personal protective equipment (PIM-) standard 1910.132(d)(1) and 1910.132(d)(2).
* It is the first step in creating a safety program.
* It is a great training tool.
* A JSA document can be referred to later for additional training or discipline.
There are many examples of ISA's on the Internet, however AMl/CAC's OS! IA Committee felt the one included here was clear and easy to use for everyone. It is only an example of what you can use on the farm. Every company needs to develop their ISA's to be specific to your farm and culture. Some positions and tasks have multiple hazards and others have none but all positions and tasks need a ISA.
When developing a JSA a company should ask these questions:
* Can my employees be injured by being exposed to something or by performing this task?
* How can I protect them from a recognized hazard?
* What parts of the body need protecting
Hiazards could include: Burns, cuts, slips, lifting, residues, falling objects, splash, falls, bumps, bruises, noise, abrasions, inhalation and flying particles.
When you develop a JSA for the farm, it becomes a significant part of the job description. Some of the jobs on a mushroom farm that need JSA's are: loader operator, turner operator, maintenance grower, water applicator, foreman, sweeper, pallet jack operator, board turner, welder and harvester.
The actual list, obviously, is much longer.
Filling out a JSA
1: What is the position or job title? (welder, water applicator, etc.)
2: Where does that job or task take place? (shop or whole farm)
3: Who performed the analysis for the JSA?
4: Date recorded or updated.
It is good to include your employees in the analysis as they may have ideas to make the job safer, or you may discover that they were not performing the job safely.
Once the JSA is filled out, signed by the employee and filed, it can be used again. A JSA should be used upon hiring, for continued training, for discipline and referred to after an accident or injury.
OSHA Alliance News highlights the AMI and OSHA cooperative partnership to foster safety and health in the workplace
JSA for XYZ Mushroom Farm 1. Cut a. Head A. Hard Hat Job Title Water 2. b. Face B. Chemical applicator Abrasion goggles 3. Burn c. Eye(s) C. Safety glasses 4. Fall d. Ear(s) D. Ear plugs 5. Falling e. E. Ear muffs Object Respiratory S Location of job 6. Noise F. Body harness Duties system 7. Flying f. Trunk G. Gloves(list particles type) 8. g. Arm(s) Inhalation Whole Farm 9. Bump h. Hand(s) H Shoes/hoots(list type) 10. i. Lifting Finger(s) Analysis done 11. Bruise j. Leg(s) by: 12. Slip k. Feet/foot 13. Splash I. Toe(s) I. Respirator Pesticide cartridge 14. m. Back J. 1st Other Residue Ladder 15. Other n. Other K. 2nd Other Long sleeved shirt Date: 04/29/2010 o. Other L. 3rd Other M. 4th Other Activities/Tasks Potential Body PPE Required Hazards Part(s) Mixing Chemical 8, 13 b, c, e, g B, G (rubber), 1 Apply water to 8, 12, 13 f, g, h, j, G (rubber), H, K bed k Water top bed 4, 12, 13 a, f, g, H,J, K h, j, k Carry water hose 10, 13, 14 m, g, h G (rubber), K Putting Chemical 14 h G (rubber) away
OSHA Committee Pietro Industries Kennett Square, PA