ON THIS DAY.
| 1265: The Battle of Evesham took place, in which Simon de Montfort was defeated and killed by Royalist forces, led by the future King Edward I. | 1792: Percy Bysshe Shelley, romantic poet, was born near Horsham, Sussex.
| 1875: Hans Christian Andersen, the Danish writer most famous for his fairy stories, died. | 1914: Great Britain declared war on Germany for violating the Treaty of London - and the First World War began.
| 1917: Captain Noel Chavasse, of the Royal Army Medical Corps, one of only three men to be awarded the Victoria Cross twice, died from his war wounds.
| 1978: Jeremy Thorpe, a former leader of the Liberal Party, was charged with conspiracy to murder Norman Scott. He was later cleared. | 1991: Greek cruise ship the MTS Oceanos sank off the coast of South Africa's Wild Coast. All 571 passengers and crew members were saved. | 2006: 17 members of Action Against Hunger / ACF-USA were executed while carrying out humanitarian programmes in Muthur, Sri Lanka.