ON THIS DAY.
| 1536: Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Queen Elizabeth I, was executed on Tower Green for alleged adultery.
| 1588: The Spanish Armada set sail from Lisbon. | 1802: The French Legion d'Honneur was created by Napoleon.
| 1898: William Ewart Gladstone, four times Liberal prime minister, died at Hawarden Castle in North Wales, aged 88.
| 1900: Britain annexed Tonga, the Friendly Islands.
| 1906: The 20km Simplon rail tunnel, between Switzerland and Italy, was officially opened. | 1935: T E Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) died six days after a motorcycle accident in Dorset.
| 1982: Italian actress Sophia Loren was jailed for a month for tax evasion.
| 1984: Sir John Betjeman, Poet Laureate from 1972, died aged 77.
| ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Prince Harry and Meghan Markle were married in a fairy-tale ceremony in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.