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ON THIS DAY 1754: William Murdoch, Scottish engineer, who with James Watt and Matthew Boulton, pioneered the use of coal-gas lighting in 1792, was born. 1765: William IV, known as the "sailor king" for his service in the Royal Navy, was born.

1858: Sir Sam Browne, VC, invented the Sam Browne belt to hold his sword and pistol after he had lost one arm in action. It soon became standard military kit for the ablebodied as well.

1911: Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) was stolen from the Louvre in Paris by Italian waiter Vicenzo Perruggia who, posing as an official photographer, walked off with it under his arm. It was recovered in 1913 from under a bed in a hotel.

1930: Princess Margaret Rose (above) was born in Glamis Castle, Scotland. 1940: Exiled Bolshevik leader Leon Trotsky, who found asylum in Mexico, died after being struck several blows on the head with an ice pick wielded by an agent for Stalin.

1959: Hawaii became the 50th state of the USA.

1965: Keith Peacock became the first substitute to be called on in a Football League match.

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Publication:Birmingham Mail (England)
Date:Aug 21, 2018
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