ON THIS DAY.
1348: Edward III established the Order of the Garter.
1793: French King Louis XVI went on trial and was sentenced to the guillotine.
1840: American Charles Wilkes discovered the coast of Antarctica. 1853: Verdi's Il Trovatore was premiered in Rome.
1915: The first casualties were suffered in an air raid over Britain, when a German Zeppelin bombed Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. 1937: The 18-year-old Margot Fonteyn made her debut in Giselle at Sadler's Wells.
1942: The Japanese invaded Burma. 1943: Singer Janis Joplin was born in Texas.
1966: Indira Gandhi became prime minister of India, following in the footsteps of her father Jawaharlal Nehru.
1990: England's rebel cricketers flew into South Africa as police used tear gas to disperse a crowd of 150 protesters at Johannesburg airport.
2009: Up to 1,500 tonnes of timber floated in the English Channel after a Russian-registered cargo ship lost part of its load in rough seas.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Academics revealed that fairy stories like Beauty And The Beast and Rumpelstiltskin can be traced back thousands of years to prehistoric times, with one tale originating from the Bronze Age. BIRTHDAYS: Javier Perez de Cuellar, former UN secretary-general, 98; Richard Lester, film director, 86; Michael Crawford, actor, 76; Julian Barnes, author, 72; Dolly Parton, country singer, 72; Dennis Taylor, snooker commentator, 69; Sir Simon Rattle, conductor, 63; Stefan Edberg, former tennis player, 52; Jenson Button, racing driver, 38.
Birthdays: Dolly Parton and Simon Rattle