ON THIS DAY.
| NATIONAL DAY OF THE PHILIPPINES | 1458: Magdalen College, Oxford, was founded. | 1819: Charles Kingsley, English clergyman who wrote The Water Babies, was born in Holne, Devon. | 1839: Abner Doubleday was credited with inventing baseball in Cooperstown, New York. | 1908: The Rotherhithe-Stepney road tunnel under the Thames was opened.
| 1922: Insulin, the treatment for diabetes, was patented by Frederick Banting.
| 1930: Germany's Max Schmeling won the world heavyweight boxing title against Jack Sharkey in New York on a disqualification in round four - and is the only man to win the title in such a manner. | 1965: The Beatles were made MBEs in the Queen's Birthday Honours.
| 1987: Princess Anne was made Princess Royal, the title awarded to the monarch's eldest daughter. | 1989: MPs voted 293 to 69 to allow television cameras into the House of Commons. | ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Actor Eddie Redmayne was awarded an OBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours.