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OASIS: A Well-being Assessment Tool of Orang Asli.

Introduction

Recently, there is a concern over the significance, comparability and comprehensiveness of economic as well as objective indicators in measuring national or social well-being. Thus, there has been widespread interest in improving and supplementing the existing measures with more comprehensive construct of human well-being using the perceptions as the center of measurement. Social well-being index was developed to establish statistics on the state of well-being that can be used across samples of the Orang Asli population. This indigenous assessment tool acknowledges aboriginal cultures, histories, and contemporary circumstances. Orang Asli in Malaysia is a minority group with a special right and the government had been overseeing their development for many years through the implementation of many policies and programs. The social well-being index will be able to evaluate, monitor and compare Orang Asli well-being across different samples as well as across time interval. Tracking well-being performance rigorously will inform and drive improvement in policy choices and programs for the government and other related agencies.

Innovation Content

The novelty of OASIS lies on its ability to generate ad hoc reports that highlight the problematic areas in the happiness of Orang Asli. Besides, OASIS provide objective measurement of wellbeing and real-time reporting for relevant authorities. In addition, recognizing the illiteracy problem of Orang Asli, the interface of OASIS has been constructed to be user-friendly and since OASIS is a web-based system, it promotes environmental friendliness.

Background of study

Malaysia Well-Being Index developed by the government created to measure the benefits that contribute to the improvement of life of an individual, family and the community (Economic Planning Unit, 2016). Globally, Malaysia latest rank is in 41st place among 145 countries in the Gallup-Healthway Global Well-Being Index, a great improvement compared to 2013 (Gallup-Healthways, 2014). However, well-being index is not constructed to compare countries but work as a guideline for policy makers in delivering and allocating resources in improving well-being (Bougie, Kohen, Penney, Senecal, & Guimond, 2015). In Malaysia, there is limited study in subjective well-being and happiness especially for minority like Orang Asli.

Objectives

This invention has two inspirational objectives:

1. To provide accessibility and guidelines to JAKOA on measuring satisfaction of Orang Asli

2. To generate reports on the happiness of Orang Asli based on specific gender, ethnic and area.

3. To help JAKOA monitor the happiness of Orang Asli throughout the period under review

Impact

This system is an idea on how to improve the basic life cycle for the Orang Asli by appreciate their current life, as well as making the concept of living in a happy community possible in the near future. While the focus is on the wellbeing of Orang Asli, OASIS also significantly contribute to the JAKOA by assisting them in monitoring the wellbeing of Orang Asli and formulating strategic plans. Moreover, with this system, the government able to use it as a guidelines in formulating policies related to Orang Asli.

Flowchart

Below is a flowchart of OASIS process flow:

Features

For USER interface, OASIS consists of these features

For ADMINISTRATOR, OASIS consists of these features:

Interface

Discussion and Conclusion

OASIS aims to support the evaluation on social impact towards the happiness and satisfaction of Orang Asli. This system is able to be a part of a guideline for policy makers in delivering and allocating resources in improving well-being of Orang Asli which bring the the benefits or effect of good subjective well-being to an individual, society and a nation. Specifically, this system provides objective measuring on fundamental universal needs that can influence well-being. The novelty of our system lies in its ability to monitor four elements of well-being which are socioeconomic, health, interpersonal relationship and environment. This system also able to generate a report on social impact for the government agencies regarding Orang Asli's happiness and satisfaction. The system is important for policy makers who can make a proper policy in improving Orang Asli well-being through determinants well-being that serves as predictors of subjective well-being.

Acknowledgements

This research has been funded by the Malaysia Ministry of Education for the fund granted through the Fundamental Research Grant (FRGS). The authors are grateful to Jabatan Kemajuan Orang Asli (JAKOA) for approving requests of conducting research on Orang Asli and full support.

References

Bougie, E., Kohen, D., Penney, C., Senecal, S., & Guimond, E. (2015). Community Well-Being among the Registered Indian and non-Aboriginal populations in Winnipeg: Trends over time and spatial analysis. aboriginal policy studies, 4(1).

Economic Planning Unit (2016). Transforming rural areas to uplift well-being of rural communities. Putrajaya: Prime Minister's Department.

Gallup, H. (2014). Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index: methodology report for indexes.

Mohd Nur Ruzainy Alwi (*)

College of Business Management and Accounting, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia

Email: ruzainy@uniten.edu.my

Nurul Nadiah Ahmad

College of Business Management and Accounting, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia

Siti Sarah Baharuddin

Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia

Shahrul Nizam Salahudin

Universiti Islam Sultan Sharif Ali, Brunei

(*) Corresponding Author
Table 1: Features of USER interface

No. 1.  Features           Description

        Measurement of     This system requires user to evaluate their
                           social impact in 4
        social impact      aspect which are SOCIOECONOMIC, HEALTH,
                           ENVIRONMENT and INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP.
                           Based on the research and findings, these
                           elements are the
                           concrete measurement to measure the happiness
                           and satisfaction of
2.                         orang asli in Malaysia.
        Indication and     User (Orang Asli) need to complete the
                           process in the system and
        categorization of  once they complete, OASIS is able to indicate
                           and categorize the
        user               user's happiness and well-being based on the
                           evaluation and
                           scores from their answers.

Table 2: Features of ADMINISTRATOR interface

No.  Features           Description

1.   Level of social    This system can generate the report of
                        happiness and satisfaction
     impact             of user based on region, area, gender and
                        ethnic. It will help the
                        JAKOA to identify the improvement need to be
                        done by their
2.                      organization.
     Comparison result  This system able to help JAKOA to do the
                        comparison based on
3.                      yearly report.
     Generate timely    This system able to generate comprehensive
                        report to Director of
     report             JAKOA
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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Extended Abstract
Author:Alwi, Mohd Nur Ruzainy; Ahmad, Nurul Nadiah; Baharuddin, Siti Sarah; Salahudin, Shahrul Nizam
Publication:Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal
Geographic Code:9MALA
Date:Apr 1, 2018
Words:993
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