November is American Indian Heritage Month.
History of AIHM
At the turn of the century, an effort began to introduce a day of recognition to honor contributions to American society made by the first American people. Dr. Arthur C. Parker, a Seneca Indian, was one of the first proponents of the national day of recognition and the director of the Museum of Arts and Science in Rochester, NY. His first success in this campaign was persuading the Boy Scouts of America to mark a day in honor of "First Americans" for three consecutive years.
Then, the Congress of the American Indian Association decided to formally approach implementing an American Indian Day in the United States. In 1915, the Association's president, Reverend Sherman Coolidge, declared the second Saturday of May to be the new annual American Indian Day and made the initial formal appeal to recognize Native Americans as citizens of the United States.
From 1916 on, individual states declared their own American Indian Days, beginning with New York in May 1916. Other states selected the fourth Friday in September. It wasn't until the year 1990, when President George H.W. Bush approved a resolution that marked November as National American Indian Heritage Month, that a nationally recognized month in honor of American Indians came about.
Consider using games and activities to introduce concepts related to American Indian Heritage Month in your classroom this November. Lesson plans, presentations and more can be found at www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommate-rials/themes/native-americans.
Visit www.infoplease.com/american-indian-heritage-month/quizzes-crosswords.html to find quizzes and crosswords to test your students' knowledge.
American Indian Terms This American Indian Heritage Month, see if your students can identify what words and terms originated in American Indian languages. Use the glossary below to create a vocabulary activity: American Indian Caughnawaga Great moccasin tomahawk Spirit Movement (AIM) cliff hogan Mound totem dwellers Builders Anasazi comanchero Indian National tepee Territory Museum of atlatl coup Indian Wars the American travois Indian Basket Makers cradleboard Iroquois Native vision Confederacy American quest Bering Strait Dawes Act kachina Church wampum Black Hills earth lodge kiva potlatch wickiup Bureau of Indian Eastern Little Powhatan wigwam Affairs Woodlands Bighorn Confederacy (BIA) culture long house powwow Wounded Knee Cahokia Mounds Five medicine pueblo xat Civilized lodge Tribes Calumet Ghost Dance medicine sachem man Carlisle Indian sagamore School Visit www.infoplease.com/spot/AIHMglossary1.html for explanations and definitions of terms.
RELATED ARTICLE: Tribes Today
Here's a list, compliments of the U.S. Census Bureau, of the top ten largest American Indian tribes and their numbers. See how many your students can name:
* Navaho (Population: 308,013)
* Cherokee (Population: 285, 476)
* Sioux (Population: 131,048)
* Chippewa (Population: 115,859)
* Choctaw (Population: 88,913)
* Apache (Population: 64,869)
* Pueblo (Population: 59,337)
* Iroquois (Population: 48,365) a Creek (Population: 44,085)
* Blackfeet (Population: 23,583)
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|Title Annotation:||Planning Ahead|
|Date:||Oct 1, 2012|
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