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November 2019.

Lunar highlight

Name: Copernicus

Location: North-west quadrant

Type: Crater, with three central mountains rising 1.2 km above the crater floor.

Size: 95 km

Best seen: Two days after First Quarter and one day after Last Quarter.

Notes: Young and isolated formation with a large so-called "starburst" ray system (some of which are up to 800 km long), which can be seen with the naked eye. Named for the great 16th-century Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.

Transit of Mercury, November 11

On Monday, November 11, from 14:35 until 20:04, Mercury will transit the Sun. The event will be visible from the Middle East, most of Europe, Africa, southern Greenland, Antarctica, South America, North America (except Alaska), most of Oceania, and New Zealand (see map below).

Mercury's disc will be 9.9" across, while the Sun spans 32' 18.5". The geocentric times of transit events, listed below, are labelled on the diagram. At greatest transit the Sun will be visible across southern Africa but sets soon after.
Transit event        Time

A First contact      14:35:27
B Second contact     14:37:08
C Greatest transit   17:19:48
D Third contact      20:02:33
E Fourth contact     20:04:14


Caption: November 01-30 after sunset

Caption: November 01-02 Pluto after sunset

Caption: November 01-06 before sunrise

Caption: November 22-30 before sunrise
Celestial almanac

d    Event

01   Moon at descending node (23:40)
02   Moon furthest south (-23.1[degrees])
     Saturn near the Moon (occultation seen from
     Kerguelen Islands, Prince Edward Island,
     eastern Antarctica, southern Tasmania, New
     Zealand, and southern Polynesia)
     Pluto near the Moon (occultation seen from
     southern Africa, Madagascar, southern South
     America, and South Georgia)
04   First Quarter Moon (12:23)
     Lunar X feature visible (19:18)
05   Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
     Southern Taurid meteor shower at maximum
06   Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
07   Moon at apogee (10:38, 405 059 km)
     Neptune near the Moon
     Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
08   Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
09   Jupiter moonless
10   Venus near Antares
     Mars near Spica
11   Uranus near the Moon
     Transit of Mercury; visible from the Middle
     East, most of Europe, Africa, southern
     Greenland, Antarctica, South America, North
     America (except Alaska), most of Oceania,
     and New Zealand
     Mercury at ascending node
     Mercury at inferior conjunction
12   Full Moon (15:34)
     Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
     Vesta opposition
     Northern Taurid meteor shower at maximum
13   Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
14   Aldebaran near the Moon
     Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
15   Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
16   Moon furthest north (+23.1[degrees])
     Moon at ascending node (10:48)
     Mercury at perihelion
17   Pollux near the Moon
     Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
     Leonid meteor shower at maximum
19   Last Quarter Moon (23:11)
20   Regulus near the Moon
     Mercury stationary
21   Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
22   Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
23   Moon at perigee (09:56, 366 720 km)
     Titan at maximum separation from Saturn
24   Mars near the Moon
     Venus near Jupiter
25   Mercury near the Moon
26   New Moon (17:06)
     Mercury at greatest latitude north
27   Neptune stationary
28   Venus near the Moon
     Jupiter near the Moon (occultation seen from
     northern Africa, most of Europe, Middle East,
     and western Asia)
     Mercury at greatest western elongation (+20[degrees])
     Venus at aphelion
     Venus at southernmost declination for the year
     (-24.8[degrees])
29   Saturn near the Moon (occultation seen from
     southern New Zealand, Antarctica, and South
     Georgia)
     Moon furthest south (-23.2[degrees])
     Moon at descending node (06:13)
30   Pluto near the Moon (occultation seen from
     southern Australasia, Kerguelen Islands, parts
     of Antarctica, and south-eastern Polynesia)
     Callisto at maximum separation from Jupiter
     Titan at maximum separation from Saturn

Planet visibility

Mercury can be seen in the evening sky near the
beginning of November and at dawn from the
middle of the month. Venus is prominent in the
evening sky throughout the month. Mars can be
seen in the morning sky. Jupiter and Saturn can be
seen in the evening sky.

Sun rise and set, position and distance

d    Bloem.          Cape Town       Durban          Harare

     rise    set     rise    set     rise    set     rise    set

01   05:22   18:36   05:46   19:14   05:02   18:18   05:17   18:02
04   05:20   18:38   05:43   19:17   04:59   18:20   05:16   18:04
06   05:18   18:39   05:41   19:19   04:58   18:22   05:15   18:04
09   05:16   18:42   05:39   19:21   04:56   18:24   05:14   18:06
11   05:15   18:43   05:37   19:23   04:55   18:26   05:13   18:07
14   05:13   18:46   05:35   19:26   04:53   18:28   05:12   18:08
17   05:12   18:48   05:33   19:29   04:51   18:31   05:12   18:10
20   05:11   18:51   05:32   19:32   04:50   18:33   05:11   18:12
22   05:10   18:52   05:31   19:34   04:49   18:35   05:11   18:13
25   05:09   18:55   05:30   19:37   04:48   18:37   05:11   18:15
27   05:09   18:57   05:29   19:38   04:48   18:39   05:11   18:16
30   05:08   18:59   05:28   19:41   04:48   18:42   05:11   18:18

d    Jo'burg         Declination              Con   Distance
                     at 02:00                       (AU)
     rise    set

01   05:19   18:24   -14[degrees] 10' 22.4"   Lib   0.992729
04   05:17   18:26   -15 07 31.6              Lib   0.991938
06   05:15   18:28   -15 44 23.9              Lib   0.991421
09   05:13   18:30   -16 37 43.5              Lib   0.990668
11   05:12   18:31   -17 11 52.7              Lib   0.990184
14   05:11   18:33   -18 00 53.0              Lib   0.989489
17   05:10   18:36   -18 47 04.0              Lib   0.988834
20   05:09   18:38   -19 30 15.8              Lib   0.988216
22   05:08   18:39   -19 57 19.1              Lib   0.987822
25   05:08   18:42   -20 35 09.9              Sco   0.987252
27   05:07   18:43   -20 58 30.1              Sco   0.986885
30   05:07   18:45   -21 30 32.8              Sco   0.986354

Con = constellation (see Table 11 on p 89), Distance = Sun-Earth
distance in AU. Also see rise/set times on pp 72-73.


Moon rise and set

d    Bloem.          Cape Town       Durban

     rise    set     rise    set     rise    set

01   08:52   23:09   09:12   23:53   08:30   22:51
02   09:45   -:-     10:05   -:-     09:23   23:43
03   10:40   00:01   11:01   00:45   10:18   -:-
04   11:35   00:47   11:57   01:29   11:13   00:29
05   12:29   01:28   12:53   02:09   12:08   01:10
06   13:22   02:04   13:48   02:43   13:02   01:46
07   14:15   02:38   14:43   03:15   13:55   02:19
08   15:07   03:09   15:37   03:44   14:47   02:50
09   15:59   03:40   16:32   04:12   15:40   03:21
10   16:52   04:10   17:27   04:40   16:33   03:51
11   17:47   04:42   18:24   05:10   17:28   04:22
12   18:43   05:15   19:23   05:41   18:25   04:55
13   19:41   05:52   20:23   06:16   19:23   05:31
14   20:41   06:33   21:24   06:55   20:22   06:12
15   21:40   07:20   22:24   07:40   21:22   06:58
16   22:37   08:12   23:21   08:32   22:19   07:50
17   23:30   09:09   -:-     09:29   23:12   08:48
18   -:-     10:10   00:14   10:32   -:-     09:49
19   00:19   11:14   01:01   11:37   00:01   10:53
20   01:04   12:19   01:44   12:44   00:46   11:58
21   01:45   13:23   02:23   13:51   01:27   13:03
22   02:24   14:28   02:59   14:59   02:05   14:08
23   03:02   15:32   03:34   16:06   02:42   15:13
24   03:40   16:37   04:09   17:14   03:20   16:18
25   04:19   17:43   04:45   18:22   03:59   17:24
26   05:01   18:48   05:25   19:29   04:40   18:29
27   05:47   19:52   06:09   20:35   05:25   19:33
28   06:38   20:55   06:59   21:39   06:15   20:34
29   07:31   21:50   07:51   22:34   07:10   21:32
30   08:27   22:40   08:47   23:23   08:05   22:22

d    Harare          Jo'burg

     rise    set     rise    set

01   08:56   22:25   08:51   22:55
02   09:49   23:18   09:44   23:47
03   10:43   -:-     10:38   -:-
04   11:35   00:06   11:33   00:33
05   12:26   00:50   12:26   01:15
06   13:16   01:30   13:18   01:53
07   14:04   02:08   14:10   02:27
08   14:51   02:43   15:01   03:00
09   15:39   03:18   15:52   03:32
10   16:27   03:54   16:43   04:04
11   17:17   04:30   17:37   04:36
12   18:09   05:08   18:32   05:11
13   19:03   05:49   19:29   05:49
14   19:59   06:34   20:27   06:31
15   20:56   07:23   21:25   07:19
16   21:52   08:17   22:22   08:11
17   22:47   09:14   23:16   09:08
18   23:40   10:13   -:-     10:09
19   -:-     11:13   00:06   11:12
20   00:29   12:13   00:52   12:15
21   01:15   13:12   01:35   13:18
22   01:59   14:11   02:15   14:21
23   02:42   15:10   02:54   15:24
24   03:26   16:09   03:34   16:27
25   04:11   17:09   04:15   17:31
26   04:57   18:09   04:58   18:35
27   05:47   19:10   05:45   19:38
28   06:39   20:08   06:37   20:40
29   07:36   21:06   07:30   21:36
30   08:31   21:57   08:26   22:26

For Port Elizabeth subtract 28m from Cape Town; for Bulawayo add
9m to Harare.

Jupiter's Galilean moons

d    Time      Event

07   19:25.7   Europa transit starts
     19:45.3   Io transit starts
     20:33.5   Io's shadow transit starts
     21:04.9   Europa's shadow transit starts
     21:58.3   Io transit ends
     22:01.0   Europa transit ends
08   20:02.9   Io reappears from eclipse
09   20:00.1   Ganymede's shadow transit ends
14   21:45.8   Io transit starts
15   19:00.7   Io is occulted
     21:58.1   Io reappears from eclipse
16   18:29.2   Io transit ends
16   19:10.0   Io's shadow transit ends
     20:52.7   Europa reappears from eclipse
     21:12.0   Ganymede transit ends
     21:13.0   Ganymede's shadow transit starts
17   21:00.9   Callisto's shadow transit starts
22   21:02.4   Io is occulted
23   18:50.9   Io's shadow transit starts
     19:43.2   Europa is occulted
     20:30.3   Io transit ends
     21:04.6   Io's shadow transit ends
30   20:17.8   Io transit starts
     20:45.2   Io's shadow transit starts
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Title Annotation:Copernicus and Mercury
Publication:Sky Guide Africa South
Date:Jan 1, 2019
Words:1931
Previous Article:October 2019.
Next Article:Star charts for spring: September 01 at 00:00, October 01 at 22:00, and November 01 at 20:00.
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