Nigeria - Resins.
There are synthetic resin plants in Nigeria run by the private sector. They produce non-mouldable resins, especially polyvinyl acetate and alkyd resins for paints, adhesives, lacquer, glues and varnish industries. The main producers of these resins include NYCIL, Niger Chemicals Co., Nigerian Hoechst Ltd. and Chemlap Nigeria Ltd. These and other chemical companies are all located in the southern part of the country which has been badly affected by unrest since 2003.
Nigeria used to import much of its polymer resin requirements. These included PP - with Phase-I production capacities not able to meet demand - polyvinyl chloride (PVC), LDPE, HDPE, high impact polystyrene and general purpose polystyrene. But with the completion of Phase-II, in theory, its needs for PP, LDPE and HDPE were to be met by local production.
Local demand for petrochemicals has grown rapidly since the mid-1980s, both for home and industrial use. The largest consumers are the construction, automobile, furniture, engineering, electrical and agriculture and food industries. PP is used for a wide range of requirements, from plastic bags, sacks and crates to house-hold utensils and automotive parts.
A LAB plant depending on the Kaduna refinery provides base materials for detergent manufacturers such as Paterson Zochonis and Lever Brothers.
The Aluminium Smelter Co. (Alscon) has a 193,000 t/y plant at Ikot Abasi, on stream in 1997. It cost $1.5bn. Alscon is owned 70% by the state, 20% by Ferrostahl of Germany and 10% by Reynolds of the US. It suspended operations in June 1999 as it was not able to raise a $100m capital. Production was resumed in late 1999. But, the plant had operated below capacity until then.