Nietzsche's metaphysics in the birth of tragedy.
This paper analyzes the metaphysical assumptions underlying the
Birth of Tragedy. First, it argues against previous interpretations (in
particular J. Young's) that reading the text from a strict
Schopenhauerian perspective makes it impossible (a) to construe the
Apollonian and the Dionysian without contradiction and (b) to understand
the redemptive function attributed to art by the Birth. Second, the
paper offers a reconstruction of Nietzsche's inchoate Artisten
Metaphysik which allows for both. Finally, it examines the status of
this metaphysics. Against the widely spread view that Nietzsche cannot
have been serious about it, that it must be seen as a myth and
ultimately discarded, the paper argues that Nietzsche was serious about
this metaphysics precisely insofar as he saw and offered it as a myth, a
claim which is grounded in a reexamination of the relation between
knowledge, myth and metaphysical truth in Nietzsche's early work.