Nicaraguan Envoy Blames US Pressures for Conceding Caribbean Islands to Colombia.
Since 1920s, Nicaragua and Colombia have had a maritime dispute over the sovereignty of the three Caribbean islands of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina. "Nicaragua ceded some of its islands to Colombia under the US pressure and military intervention," Baltadano told FNA on Monday. The Nicaraguan ambassador to Tehran said Colombia misused the opportunity during the US military intervention in his country during 1926-33, "and declared a change in its sea borders with Nicaragua up to 87 degrees". He noted that the Sandinista government of Nicaragua presided by (Daniel) Ortega later disputed and annulled the two countries' agreement on maritime borders because it had been signed under the US military pressure. "As President Ortega has said these islands are 190 km from Nicaragua and 775 kilometers from Colombia and they are on the Nicaragua plateau," Baltadano said. In 1928, Nicaragua and Colombia signed a treaty to settle the border and sovereignty of islands in the Caribbean. But in 1980, Nicaragua's Sandinista government annulled the agreement, arguing that it had been signed under US pressure. In 2007, the ICJ ruled that the treaty was valid and that the sovereignty of three islands of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina, remained with Colombia. Ee
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