New virtual tour ignites debate.
On Nov. 19, Google Street View unveiled a "see-inside" option to explore nearly the entire 8-mile complex of catacombs below Rome, including the art-filled Catacombs of Priscilla. Google has started to create virtual self-guided tours of famous locations, like the Eiffel Tower and the Great Barrier Reef, using special 360-degree cameras that people wear like a backpack.
"If you can find catacombs, if you can find frescos, if you can find museums online, then you will be willing to know more," Georgia Abeltino of Google's Italian public policy team told Catholic News Agency.
A group of Catholics say people will certainly know more after taking the Google catacomb tour: They say the catacombs hold evidence of ancient women priests.
"We are delighted that the Vatican has restored these frescoes of women priests celebrating Eucharist in the Catacomb of St. Priscilla's in Rome," Bridget Mary Meehan, a bishop ordained through the Association of Roman Catholic Women Priests, wrote in a Nov. 20 blog.
The frescoes in the Catacombs of Priscilla were recently restored, so the Google Street View images reveal paintings that look fresh and richly colored, even though they date back to the first few centuries. Moving virtually through the catacombs' winding passageways, one can find not only the oldest known depiction of the Madonna and child, but also biblical scenes, including Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead and paintings of Sts. Peter and Paul.
Now that anyone can tour the catacombs and see these frescoes via Google, members of the Association of Roman Catholic Women Priests have let the media know that they have written about and believe that two frescoes in the Catacombs of Priscilla provide evidence of an ancient tradition of women deacons, priests and even bishops.
Not all accept that assertion.
"This is an elaboration that has no foundation in reality" Barbara Mazzei of the Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology told Reuters.
In 2008, Meehan wrote an article, "There Have Always Been Women Priests," for the Association of Roman Catholic Women Priests. In the article, she describes ancient frescoes, including two in the Catacombs of Priscilla, portraying what she says are women in liturgical roles and vestments.
The first Catacombs of Priscilla fresco Meehan mentions "depicts a woman deacon in the center vested in a dalmatic, her arms raised in the orans position for public worship."
In the same painting. Meehan says, there is also "a woman being ordained a priest by a bishop seated in a chair She is vested in an alb, chasuble. and amice, and holding a gospel scroll."
The third woman in the painting "is wearing the same robe as the bishop on the left and is sitting in the same type of chair" Meehan wrote.
In her article. Meehan also quotes archaeologist and theologian Dorothy Irvin, who said she found another fresco in the Catacombs of Priscilla of women "conducting a Eucharistic banquet."
"This is a fairy tale, a legend," Fabrizio Bisconti, superintendent of religious heritage archaeological sites owned by the Vatican, told Reuters. He said any talk of women in liturgical roles was "sensationalist and absolutely not reliable."
St. Joseph Sr Chris Schenk, founder of FutureChurch. has led pilgrimages to the Priscilla catacombs many times. She told NCR the Catacombs of Priscilla, compared to others she has visited, are woman-centered, a place where ancient women went to pray and where females are depicted in many frescoes.
Of the three-woman fresco. Schenk said, "You really can't say that the one woman is being ordained into the priesthood because what the priesthood meant in the second or first century was not very clear."
"it does appear that the woman is being celebrated, consecrated, blessed for some kind of leadership role." Schenk said.
The Catacombs of Priscilla guidebook labels the fresco of the women at the banquet as "a banquet of the Holy Eucharist," Schenk said, whereas Bis-conti told The Associated Press that it was "a funeral banquet."
Schenk said funeral banquets were raucous affairs, and people depicted in those paintings are falling off their couches in drunkenness.
Instead, the women at this banquet "are serious-looking people. There are no toasting messages above them. You can see clearly the goblet, as well as the fish and the seven bread baskets, referring to the story of the loaves and fishes, which historically is a eucharistic motif," Schenk said.
She also told NCR that the church chastised ancient women for leading early eucharistic banquets, so a depiction of one isn't "a fairy tale" like Bisconti said.
"We shouldn't be so critical, even if people are making speculative interpretations," Schenk said. "Everyone has bias."
[Megan Fincher is a Bertelsen NCR intern. Her email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.]
Caption: -CNS photos/Max Rossi
Caption: A view shows the Catacombs of Priscilla in Rome Nov. 19. Users of Google Maps now can see virtually through the underground corridors of the catacombs.
Caption: A contested fresco is seen inside the Catacombs of Priscilla in Rome Nov. 19.
ON THE WEB
The Google Street View tour of the Catacombs of Priscilla can be found at tinyuricom/Keegbtc. Zoom in to get to street view, click and drag to find the entrance, and click on the double arrows to go inside.
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|Title Annotation:||Google Street View; WORLD|
|Publication:||National Catholic Reporter|
|Date:||Dec 20, 2013|
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