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New submarine museum at Pearl Harbor.

A The war beneath the sea is an aspect of World War 11 that most of us know little about. Half a block from one of Hawaii's most visited sites-the memorial to the USS Arizona-a recently completed park gives you a glimpse of the harrowing world of a submarine in wartime. A long-time attraction, the sub USS Bowfin now has its own memorial which includes an expansive submarine museum (relocated from inside the Pearl Harbor Submarine Base and enlarged) and a monument commemorating the 52 subs (and their 3,505 officers and crewmen) lost in World War 11. Bowfin Park is a fitting companion to the Arizona Memorial. The December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor severely damaged all U.S. Pacific Force battleships (as well as seven other ships and 188 planes), and killed or wounded 3,581 people. Two ships capsized; three others were destroyed including the Arizona. With the bodies of more than a thousand of its crewmen still trapped aboard, the Arizona lies visible just beneath the surface of the water. It forms the heart of a memorial that is singularly sobering. Tour a submarine in Bowfin Park Visiting the park offers an alternative to the Arizona's long waits and a vivid supplement to the battleship's message. During World War 11, the Bowfin-carrying 9 officers and 71 crewmen sank 44 enemy ships. It was recommissioned during the Korean War, then used as a training sub in Seattle from 1960 to 1970. A private, nonprofit organization restored it, and it is now officially a museum ship. Using a hand-held listening wand to pick up taped narrative at eight stations, you guide yourself through the sub's torpedo rooms, galley, mess, wardroom, bunk rooms, and engine room with its glossy diesels; then out to the big deck guns. Elsewhere in the park, you can enter the conning tower of the sister sub Parche, or scan the harbor with World War 11 attack and search periscopes, and a device used to plot torpedo firing. Inside the Pacific Submarine Museum are exhibits on submarines dating back to the Revolutionary War, as well as on futuristic vessels still on drawing boards. You can man the dive station from the nuclear Swordfish, and examine a 9 1/4foot-long scale model of the Bowfin. The park is open 8 to 5 daily; be there by 4 to tour the submarine. Admission charged for all but the memorial, which is just inside the gate) is $6, $1 ages 6 through 12. Children under 6 enter free but aren't allowed on the Bowfin. Call (808) 423-1341 for more information. Nearby, the Marina Restaurant is cool, inexpensive, and overlooks the harbor. Hours are I I to 2 Mondays through Saturdays, 5:30 through 9 Tuesdays through Saturdays; Sunday brunch is I I to 2. If you're visiting Arizona, start early Begin at the nearby Arizona Memorial Visitor Center, since only 4,500 people can boat out to the memorial site each day. During busy summer months, it pays to arrive early to pick up a free ticket for the next open 75-minute guided tour. (You'll likely have to wait at least an hour-enough time to visit Bowfin Park.) The Arizona tour includes a film on the attack, an interpretive talk, and a ride aboard a Navy shuttle out to the white sculptural shrine spanning the sunken battleship. The visitor center museum has exhibits on the attack and the war. Waterfront wayside exhibits have maps and photos to study as you face the Arizona and Ford Island, where the Pacific Fleet battleships were lined up on that fateful Sunday. The visitor center is open 7:30 to 5 daily; first tour starts at 8 (7:45 June through Labor Day), the last one at 3; a group is called every 15 minutes. Telephone 4220561 for recorded information. Getting to the memorial and park About 15 miles northwest of Waikiki, turn off Kamehameha Highway onto Arizona Memorial Place. It's a direct ride on the 20 bus. Round-trip shuttles from Waikiki cost $5; to reserve, call Arizona Memorial Shuttle (926-4747) or Pearl Harbor Express (923-2999). Commercial Pearl Harbor cruises from Kewalo Basin don't stop at Arizona Memorial or Bowfin Park-but they do offer an inside look at the workings of the harbor and naval base. You also see the monument on Nevada Point where the USS Nevada was hit-trying to get out of the harbor's narrow channel (she was later refloated, repaired, and returned to service). Cruises cost $16 to $20, including transport to and from hotels. Call Paradise Cruises at 536-3641. El
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Title Annotation:Hawaii
Date:Jun 1, 1990
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