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New records, distribution, and updated checklists of old world Phlebotomine sand flies, with emphasis on Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia.

Phlebotomine sand flies (Subfamily Phlebotominae, Family Psychodidae, Order Diptera) are vicious biting insects that cause extreme nuisance and transmit diseases to humans. In Africa and Asia (Figure 1), the peridomestic species bite insatiably and also are of major public health concern in many parts of the world, particularly in the Old World, where they are capable of transmitting pathogens, including protozoans (Leishmania) and viruses (Phleboviruses, sand fly fever). (1) Phlebotomus females suck blood, including humans, while Sergentomyia females primarily feed on reptiles, and rarely bite humans. (2) Subgenera (Adlerius, Euphlebotomus, Larroussius, Phlebotomus, Paraphlebotomus, and Synphlebotomus) in the genus Phlebotomus contain species that are vectors or suspected vectors in the Old World. (2) Of approximately 266 sand fly species in the Old World (Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and Africa including Western Indian Ocean Islands), only about 27 species are capable of transmitting protozoan Leishmania parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) and various forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (oriental sore, espundia, etc) in humans. (2-4) A few sand fly species have been associated with Phlebovirus and other viruses. (3-6) Numerous reports are available on the biology, and medical importance (as disease vectors) of sand flies and leishmaniasis control. (2,7-10) In the Old World, the human biting Phlebotomus sand flies and major leishmaniasis transmissions are confined in the subtropics (particularly in dry, semiarid areas), with some human biting species in Africa south of the Sahara. (2)

Among diseases transmitted by Phlebotomine sand flies, leishmaniasis has the most significant effect on military operations, particularly those of the United States. (11) In Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom, OEF) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom, OIF), numerous US Soldiers were exposed to significant leishmaniasis risk and about 1,287 incident diagnoses/reports of leishmaniasis, both cutaneous (1,283 cases) and visceral (4 cases) forms, were reported from 2001-2006 among OEF/OIF deployed troops.12 During OIF, US military entomologists conducted the sand fly surveillance at Tallil Air Base, Iraq, from April 2003 to November 2004, and they noted the strong effect of sand fly vectors on military operations, including the leishmanial threat to deployed troops in Iraq. (13-15)

In this article, we examine the types and related specimens of Old World Phlebotomine sand flies deposited in the following: US National Museum of Natural History (USNMNH), Smithsonian Institution, Suitland, MD; The Museum of Natural History (MNH), London, UK; Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD), Montpellier, France; Musee National d"Histoire Naturelle Entomologie (MNHE), Paris, France; Institut Pasteur (IP), Paris, France; Musee Royal de L'Afrique Centrale (MRAC), Dept Entomologie, Tervuren, Belgium. Additional specimens were borrowed from the following institutions: Reimer University (RU), Reimer, France; US Army/Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), Nairobi, Kenya; Florida State Collection of Arthropods (FSCA), Gainesville, Florida; and US Navy laboratories (UNL). In addition, 8 interactive computerized identification keys (LUCID software (16)) of selected African and Asian sand fly species (potential or known vectors), based on specimens from different depositories are presently posted on the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit (WRBU) website (wrbu.si.edu). (17)

We record the collection data of sand flies, including their geographical distribution, past and present taxonomic arrangement, and related information. The species occurrence and diversity of these sand flies, according to the number of collections for each country over certain periods, were analyzed and reported. Other collections or occurrence data of sand fly specimens (including non-types, from the Old World) from the 6 repositories (USNMNH, MNH, IRD, MNHE, IP, MRC) were also examined and recorded, and will be posted to the WRBU/VectorMap website (vectormap.si.edu). (18) These data may be helpful in developing world sand fly taxonomic catalogs, sand fly vector risk maps, and predictive distribution models. In addition to increasing the knowledge of sand fly distribution, the collection holdings in these repositories, particularly the primary types, will assist future phlebotomine researchers in their taxonomic and related studies.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Old World Phlebotomine sand fly specimens used in this study were deposited in 6 repositories (USNMNH, MnH, IRD, MNHE, IP, MRC), or borrowed from various agencies (RU, KEMRI, FSCA, UNL). The slide mounted specimens were examined and their collection data were recorded. All collection data from selected repositories were recorded verbatim and entered into a standard specimen label data capture spreadsheet. The data were georeferenced using the point-radius method of georeferencing locality descriptions that do not have associated geographic coordinates. The georeferenced data were processed and used for analyses. The primary types (holotypes, allotypes, paratypes, syntypes) of sand flies were examined for collection records and related information. Photographs of primary types of selected sand fly species were taken, and will be processed for another report.

RESULTS

Species Types and Abbreviations

The proposed abbreviations for genera and subgenera of Phlebotominae (Psychodidae, Diptera) of the Old World is shown in Table 1, based primarily on Marcondes, (20) with additions of new abbreviations for the 2 subgenera in genus Phlebotomus, ie, Legeromyia, Leg.; Madaphlebotomus, Mad.; and the 6 subgenera in genus Sergentomyia, ie, Capensomyia, Cap.; Parvidens, Pav.; Rondanomyia, Ron.; Spelaeomyia, Spe.; Trouilletomyia, Tro, and Vattieromyia, Vat.

The list of Old World Phlebotomine species with type specimens deposited in the various repositories is shown in Table 2 (see pages 71-73), using the available taxonomic arrangements. (19) The number of slides for each type, species, sex, and the country of type origin are also included in Table 2. About 124 species have primary types deposited in 5 repositories (MNH, IRD, MNHE, IP, MRC), including holotypes (45 species, 4 subspecies), syntypes (28 species, 3 subspecies), "types" (14 species), allotypes (10 species), paratypes (36 species, 3 subspecies), lectotypes (13 species), and cotype (5 species), mounted on 671 slides. Those specimens on slides labeled "Type" could be considered as holotypes, but proper designations should be done later.

New Country Records and Updated Checklist of Phlebotomine Species

An updated checklist of Phlebotomine sand fly species in different countries of Africa (including Western Indian Ocean Islands), Southwest Asia, and Central Asia is presented in Table 3 (see pages 74-82). It also includes distribution of these species in Africa (58 countries), Southwest and Central Asia (26 countries) and other countries (35), as well as their selected references. (3,9,32-49) Several islands of Western Indian Ocean, ie, Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte (France), Reunion (France), and Seychelles are included as Africa for the purposes of this article. (50)

The genus Phlebotomus includes 92 species and 7 subspecies in 9 subgenera (Adlerius, 17 species; Anaphlebotomus, 6 species; Euphlebotomus, 5 species; Larroussius, 27 species, 5 subspecies); Legeromyia, 1 species; Madaphlebotomus, 4 species; Paraphlebotomus, 12 species, 2 subspecies; Phlebotomus, 6 species; Synphlebotomus, 10 species; Transphlebotomus, 2 species).

The genus Sergentomyia includes 166 species and 16 subspecies in 12 subgenera (Capensomyia, 10 species; Demeillonius, 1 species; Grassomyia, 6 species, 2 subspecies; Neophlebotomus, 22 species;

Parrotomyia, 16 species, 4 subspecies; Rondanomyia, 1 species, 2 subspecies; Sergentomyia, 45 species, 6 subspecies; Sintonius, 27 species; Spelaeomyia, 6 species; Trouilletomyia, 2 species; Vattieromyia, 4 species), and one ungrouped taxon (24 species).

Further, we recorded a total of 95 species and 7 subspecies of 2 genera (Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia) in Africa, while about 26 species and 16 subspecies in Southwest Asia and Central Asia. About 22 species of both genera had wide distributions and were found in 35 countries other than Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia.

The new records of species in different countries are shown in Table 3 (with country codes (CN) as listed in Table 4, see page 83). In the genus Phlebotomus, 4 species in 4 subgenera were recorded for the first time in 7 countries. These species included the following: Phlebotomus (Adlerius) chinensis Newstead, Iran (CN 66); Ph. (Anaphlebotomus) rodhaini Parrot, Cote d"Ivoire (CN 14), Ghana (CN 22), Mozambique (CN 36); Ph. (Paraphlebotomus) jacusieli Theodor, Lebanon (CN 73); and Ph. (Phl)papatasi (Scopoli), Kenya (CN 25). In the genus Sergentomyia, 10 species in 4 subgenera were recorded for the first time in 8 countries. These species included the following: Sergentomyia (Grassomyia) ghesquierei (Parrot), Ghana (CN 22) Somalia (CN 47); Se. (Neophlebotomus) decipiens (Theodor), Tanzania (CN 52); Se. (Neo) dureni Parrot, Ethiopia (CN 19); Se. (Par) freetownensis freetownensis (Sinton), Democratic Republic of Congo (CN 12); Se. (Par) magna (Sinton) Ghana (CN 22); Se. (Sergentomyia) antennata (Newstead), Tanzania (CN 52); Se. (Ser) buxtoni (Theodor), Cote d"Ivoire CN (14); Se. (Ser) magnidentata Davidson, Kenya (CN 25); Se. (Ser) minuta minuta Rondani, Kenya (CN 25); and Se. (Ser) schwetzi (Adler, Theodor & Parrot), Tanzania (CN 52).

Three taxa (46) were not included in the updated list shown in Table 3 pending clarification of their taxonomic identities, namely: Se. (Ser) bereiri, Se. (Ser) distinctus (as distincta), and Se. (Ser) fermatus (as firmata). They cannot be treated as subspecies of Se. (Ser) bedfordi because of their overlapping distributions. (3) These 3 taxa were treated by Davidson (51) as good species based on a unique and maybe aberrant holotype female of Se. bedfordi. Seccombe et al (3) did not support it due to the absence of statistical and/or biological analysis of sympatric populations. They noted that the morphological, ecological, and geographical data of Davidson (51) may help in future taxonomic studies. Niang et al (46) provided diagnostic morphological features and distribution records of these 3 taxa, in addition to Se. bedfordi. Although it was suggested (46,51) that the distribution of Se. bedfordi is confined to South Africa, other reports (3,19-47) and recent examinations of specimens from different depositories or museums showed its wider distribution (Table 3). Recent analysis (49) of the molecular taxonomy of Phlebotomine sand flies based on 3 mitochondrial gene fragments (mtDNA) confirmed the presence of Se. congolensis (Bequart & Walravens), Se. salisburiensis (Abonnenc) and Se. bedfordi "Maun" form from Botswana. Kruger (49) proposed this form for Se. caliginosa Davidson and unassigned specimens of Se. bedfordi group found in Botswana. Since no formal name is available for this form, we temporarily include it with Se. bedfordi in Table 3. Unless the taxonomy of this group is well clarified, routine identification of these taxa will be very difficult and their distribution records will not be accurate.

COMMENT

The Phlebotomine sand fly collections, including primary types and voucher specimens, are very important for vector identifications, surveillance, and control efforts. Different repositories (USNMNH, MNH, IRD, MNHE, IP, MRC) have voucher specimens of the major species incriminated and/or suspected as vectors (7) of various Leishmania species involved in the transmission of human leishmaniasis in the Old World. Nine of 15 suspected vector species and 6 of 10 incriminated vector species (9) of Leishmania in the Old World have primary types deposited in the 2 repositories (MNH, IP). For example, MNH has the holotypes and/or "syntypes" of incriminated vectors, ie, Phlebotomus (Larroussius) perniciosus Newstead, Ph. (Lar) orientalis Parrot, Ph. (Phlebotomus) duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire, and suspected vectors, ie, Ph. (Synphlebotomus) celiae Minter, Ph. (Lar) perfiliewi perfiliewi Parrot, Ph. (Lar) smirnovi Perfil"ev, Ph. (Lar) tobbi Adler & Theodor). Considering the importance of the distribution records of sand flies, particularly vector species, there is an exigent need to conduct additional collections of sand flies from the Old World in order to obtain fresh voucher specimens for both molecular and morphological studies, and for safe deposits in the USNMNH and other pertinent repositories.

Concerning specimen collections from various repositories, they were used in the development of LUCID interactive keys for the Old World Phlebotomine sand flies, (24) particularly Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia (US Africa Command (AFRICOM), Central Command (CENTCOM), Europe Command (EuCOM)). Eight morphological keys for males and females of the Old World were created by author L. M. Rueda, with assistance from WRBU staff (particularly J. Stoffer for Automontage images), and are posted at the WRBU website (17) as:

* Key to identification of male and female adult Phlebotomine sand fly genera of the Old World (PACOM [Pacific Command], CENTCOM, EUCOM, AFRICOM).

* Key to identification of male and female adult Phlebotomus subgenera of Southwest and Central Asia (PACOM, CENTCOM, EUCOM, AFRICOM).

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Larroussius of Phlebotomus, Africa (AFRICOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Paraphlebotomus of Phlebotomus, Africa (AFRICOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Phlebotomus of Phlebotomus, Africa (AFRICOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Larroussius of Phlebotomus, Southwest and Central Asia (CENTCOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Paraphlebotomus of Phlebotomus, Southwest and Central Asia (CENTCOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

* Key to identification of male adult species of subgenus Phlebotomus of Phlebotomus, Southwest and Central Asia (CENTCOM), with emphasis on medically important species.

An example of a screen shot of LUCID interactive key for species of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) male adults from Africa is shown in Figure 2, and posted at the WRBU website. (17) Male genitalia are important morphological characters to identify different species of sand flies. Examples are shown in Figures 3 and 4 for primary types of Phlebotomine sand flies, ie, Ph. (Paraphlebotomus) alexandri Sinton, paratype; Ph. (Adlerius) angustus Artemiev, paratype; Ph. (Larroussius) aculeatus Lewis, Minter & Ashford, paratype; Ph. (Lar) longipes Parrot & Martin, paratype; Ph. (Phlebotomus) minteri Lewis, holotype; Ph. (Synphlebotomus) celiae Minter, holotype; Ph. (Syn) vansomerenae Heisch, Guggisberg & Teesdale, paratype; and Se. (Sergentomyia) ashfordi Davidson, paratype.

About 12,000 slides of Phlebotomine sand flies were donated by COL (Ret) Philip Lawyer to the USNMNH for safe keeping. These slides were temporarily mounted using Hoyer's medium before, and they will be remounted permanently and identified correctly. Their locality data from slide labels and collection sheets will be retrieved, recorded, and processed. Additional collection data from Old World countries generated by ongoing US military entomological surveillance efforts and newly published scientific literature will be entered into Vector-Map regularly, to enable further analysis of species diversity and to create sand fly vector distribution models that will be useful for leishmaniasis risk assessments.

Sand fly slides in various repositories or museums labeled as "types" should be carefully examined, and if necessary, must be designated as holotype or appropriate type to avoid future confusions in taxonomic clarification and related systematic studies. For instance, the taxa/species without designated "holotype," but which have slides labeled "syntypes" or "types" should have proper designations.

Acknowledgments

We express our sincere appreciation and gratitude to the following individuals for the loans of sand fly types and other specimens, and for their hospitality during the visits of Dr Rueda to examine their collections: D. Fontenille, F. Simard and N. Rahola, Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Genetique, Evolution et Controle, Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement, Montpellier, France; D. Sivell, T. M. Howard and Z. Adams, Entomological Collections, Molecular Collections and Plants, Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London, UK; E. Coninck and H. Stephane, Musee Royal de L"Afrique Centrale, Dept. Entomologie, Tervuren, Belgium; C. Daugeron, Musee National d"Histoire Naturelle Entomologie, Paris, France; P. Reiter, A.-B. Failloux, J. C. Ganthier, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. We also thank K.A. Barbara, J.W. Diclaro, II, and PJ. Obenauer, US Navy Laboratories; N. Leger, Reimer University, Reimer, France; and J. Bast and R. Sang, US Army Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya, for sand fly slides loaned and deposited at the US National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC.

This research was performed under a Memorandum of Agreement between the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and the Smithsonian Institution, with institutional support provided by both organizations. The opinions contained herein are those of the authors and do not reflect official views of the supporting agencies.

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(49.) Kruger A. Phlebotomine sandflies of Botswana: a taxonomic review and a faunistic update with the first record of genus Phlebotomus. Acta Tropica. 2017; March 18. Epub ahead of print. Available at: http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.03.009. Accessed March 27, 2017.

(50.) List of Islands in the Indian Ocean, Western Indian Ocean [internet]. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/List_of_islands_in_the_Indian_Ocean. Accessed February 20, 2017.

(51.) Davidson IH. Sandflies of Africa South of the Sahara. Johannesburg, South Africa: South African Medical Institute; 1990.

Leopoldo M. Rueda, PhD

James E. Pecor, BS

Matthew Wolkoff, BA

David Pecor, BS

Sarah Benyamin, BS

Philippe Bousses, PhD

Mustapha Debboun, PhD, BCE

AUTHORS

Dr Rueda is an Adjunct Scientist of the Smithsonian Institution and formerly Research Entomologist and Chief of the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, located at the Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland.

Mr J. Pecor is a Museum Specialist of the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, located at the Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland.

Mr Wolkoff is a graduate student at the University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, Texas and formerly Research Assistant of the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, located at the Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland.

Mr D. Pecor is a VectorMap Data Management Technician of the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, located at the Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland.

Ms Benyamin is an Associate Scientist of BioReliance, Rockville, Maryland and formerly O-RISE Technical Research Assistant of the Walter Reed Biosystematics Unit, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, located at the Smithsonian Institution, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland.

Dr Bousses is an Entomologist at the Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD), Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Genetique, Evolution et Controle (MIVEGEC), Montpellier, France.

Dr Debboun is the Director of the Mosquito & Vector Control Division, Harris County Public Health, Houston, Texas.

Caption: Figure 1. Map showing different countries in the Old World, particularly Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia, and respective country codes (see Table 4 for code-country definitions). Note: a star indicates the location of various primary types.

Caption: Figure 2. Example of screen shot of LUCID (16) interactive key for species of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) male adults, Africa (source: US Africa Command).

Caption: Figure 3. Male genitalia of Phlebotomus sand flies. (A). Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) alexandri Sinton, paratype; (B). Phlebotomus (Adlerius) angustus Artemiev, paratype; (C). Phlebotomus (Larroussius) aculeatus Lewis, Minter & Ashford, paratype; (D). Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) minteri Lewis, holotype.

Caption: Figure 4. Male genitalia of Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia sand flies. (A). Phlebotomus (Larroussius) longipes Parrot & Martin, paratype; (B). Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus) celiae Minter, holotype; (C). Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia) ashfordi Davidson, paratype; (D). Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus) vansomerenae Heisch, Guggisberg & Teesdale, paratype.
Table 1. Proposed abbreviations for genera and
subgenera of Phlebotominae (Psychodidae, Diptera)
of the Old World.

Genus             Subgenus          Abbreviation *

Phlebotomus                         Ph.
                Adlerius            Adl.
                Anaphlebotomus      Ana.
                Euphlebotomus       Euo.
                Larroussius         Lar.
                Legeromyia          Leg. **
                Madaphlebotomus     Mad. **
                Paraphlebotomus     Par.
                Phlebotomus         Phl.
                Synphlebotomus      Syn.
                Transphlebotomus    Tra.
Sergentomyia                        Se.
                Capensomyia         Cap. **
                Grassomyia          Gra.
                Neophelebotomus     Neo.
                Parrotomyia         Par.
                Parvidens           Pav. **
                Rondanomyia         Ron. **
                Sergentomyia        Ser.
                Sintonius           Sin.
                Spelaeomyia         Spe. **
                Trouilletomyia      Tro. **
                Vattieromyia        Vat. **
Chinius                             Ch.

* Primarily based on Marcondes. (29)

** Proposed new abbreviation

Table 2 (part 1 of 3). Types of sand flies (Phlebotominae,
Psychodidae) from Africa and Southwest and Central Asia, examined
from different repositories, including country of type origin.

           Species                        (a) Depository
                                         (b) Type (number of
                                          slides by (c) sex)

Phlebotomus    aculeatus               NH: P (1 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    alexandri               NH: P (3 F)
Phlebotomus    angustus                NH: P (1 F, 5 M, 4 U)
Phlebotomus    arabicus                NH: L (M); PL (5 F)
Phlebotomus    ariasi                  NH: P (14 M)
Phlebotomus    ashfordi                NH: H (F); P (1 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    bergeroti               NH: S (2 F, 4 M)
Phlebotomus    caudatus                NH: H (M)
Phlebotomus    celiae                  NH: H (M)
Phlebotomus    chabaudi                IP: H (M); IR: P (2 U)
Phlebotomus    chadlii                 NH: P (3 F, 4 M)
Phlebotomus    comatus                 NH: P (2 M)
Phlebotomus    duboscqi                NH: H (M)
Phlebotomus    elgonensis              ME: P (1 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    fantalensis             NH: H (M), P (6 M)
Phlebotomus    gibiensis               NH: H (M); P (6 F, 20 M)

Phlebotomus    gigas                   BE: L (F); T (1 F, 1M)
Phlebotomus    guggisbergi             NH: L (M); PL (3 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    halepensis              NH: S (5 M)
Phlebotomus    jacusieli               NH: H (M)
Phlebotomus    kabulensis              NH: P (2 M)
Phlebotomus    kandelakii burneyi      NH: H (M); P (11 F, 23 M)
Phlebotomus    katangensis             BE: T (1 M)
Phlebotomus    kyreniae                NH: S (11 F, 9 M)
Phlebotomus    longipes                NH: S (3 F, 6 M)
Phlebotomus    marismortui             NH: S (4 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    mesghalii               NH: H (M); P (15 F, 12 M)

Phlebotomus    minteri                 NH: H (M); P (1 M)
Phlebotomus    mongolensis             NH: S (1 F, 1 M)
Phlebotomus    naqbenius               NH: H (M), P (10 F, 10 M)
Phlebotomus    nuri                    NH: H (M); P (17 M)
Phlebotomus    orientalis              NH: S (1 F, 2 M)
Phlebotomus    pedifer                 NH: H (M); P (4 F, 4 M)
Phlebotomus    perfiliewi galilaeus    NH: S (10 F, 13 M)

Phlebotomus    perfiliewi perfiliewi   NH: S (2 M)
Phlebotomus    perniciosus             NH: S (6 M)
Phlebotomus    rodhaini                BE: T (1 M); A (F)
Phlebotomus    rupester                NH: P (1 F, 4 M)
Phlebotomus    saevus                  NH: S (1 F)
Phlebotomus    salangensis             NH: P (1 F, 10 M)
Phlebotomus    smirnovi                NH: S (1 M)
Phlebotomus    syriacus                NH: S (5 F, 2 M)
Phlebotomus    tobbi                   NH: S (10 F, 16 M, 11 U)

Phlebotomus    vansomerenae            NH: P (1 M)
Phlebotomus    wenyoni                 NH:: S (3 M)
Sergentomyia   adleri                  NH: S (1 M)
Sergentomyia   africana africana       NH: L (1 F); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   africana asiatica       NH: S (4 F, 7 M)
Sergentomyia   ansarii                 IR: T (1 M, 1F)
Sergentomyia   antennata               NH: H (F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   azizi                   NH: S (1 F)
Sergentomyia   baghdadis               NH: S (12 F, 10 M)
Sergentomyia   balmicola               NH: P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   bedfordi                NH: H (F); BE: P (7 F, 18 M)

Sergentomyia   blossi                  NH: S (2 F)
Sergentomyia   buxtoni                 NH: L (F); P (2 M); P (2 M)

Sergentomyia   christophersi           NH: L (F); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   clastrieri              NH: P (1 F, 1 M)
Sergentomyia   clydei                  NH: L (F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   collarti                BE: C (1 F, 1 M); NH: S
                                         (6 F, 5 M)
Sergentomyia   corneti                 IR: H (F); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   crosarai                BE: C (7 F)
Sergentomyia   darlingi                IP: P (1 F, 1 M); IR: P (4 U)
Sergentomyia   decipiens               BE:T (11 F, 13 M)
Sergentomyia   dentata dentata         NH: H (M); P (2 F)
Sergentomyia   diapagai                IR: P (1 M); NH: P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   dolichopa               IP: H (M); A (F); P (1 F, 1 M)
Sergentomyia   dubia                   NH: S (3 F)
Sergentomyia   dureni                  BE: T (1 M); NH: S (1 F)
Sergentomyia   dyemkoumai              IR: T (M)
Sergentomyia   edentulus               IR: H (F); P (2 F)
Sergentomyia   emilii                  IR: H (M); P (4 M); IP: P (1 M)

Sergentomyia   fallax cypriotica       NH: S (1 F, 1 M)
Sergentomyia   formica                 NH: P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   freetownensis           NH: H (F)
                 freetownensis
Sergentomyia   freetownensis           NH: H (F)
                 furanus
Sergentomyia   garnhami                NH: P (2 M)
Sergentomyia   gracilis                NH: L (1 F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   graingeri               NH: H (F)
Sergentomyia   grilloti                IR: H (F)
Sergentomyia   grjebinei               IR: H (F); A (M)
Sergentomyia   hamoni                  IP: H (M); A (F)
Sergentomyia   harveyi                 NH; H (F); P (6 F, 2 M)
Sergentomyia   heischi                 NH: H (F)
Sergentomyia   herollandi              NH: P (F)
Sergentomyia   hodgsoni                NH: L (F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   inermis                 IR: A (M); NH: S (11 F)
Sergentomyia   ingrami                 NH: H (M); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   iranica                 NH: H (F); P (2 M)
Sergentomyia   kirki                   NH: S (2 F)
Sergentomyia   kitonyii                NH: H (F); P (8 F)
Sergentomyia   lesleyae                NH: H (F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   lewisiana               IR: H (F); A (M); P (5 F, 8 M)
Sergentomyia   logonensis              IR: T(F)
Sergentomyia   machadoi                IR: P (1 M); NH: P (5 F, 2 M)
Sergentomyia   macinthosi              IR: H (F)
Sergentomyia   madagascariensis        IR: H (M); A (F); P (1 F);
                                         NH: P (2 F)
Sergentomyia   magnidentata            NH: H (F); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   meilloni                NH: H (M)
Sergentomyia   minuta                  NH: P (2 F, 5 M)

Sergentomyia   mirabilis               BE: T (1 F, 1 M)
Sergentomyia   montana                 NH: H (F); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   moucheti                IR: H (F)
Sergentomyia   ovazzai                 IR: H (F)
Sergentomyia   palestinensis           NH: H (F)
Sergentomyia   punjabensis             NH: S (1 M)
Sergentomyia   renauxi                 BE: P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   richardi                BE: H (1 F)
Sergentomyia   rimi                    NH: P (2 F, 1 M)

Sergentomyia   roberti                 IR: P(F)
Sergentomyia   rogeri                  IR: H (F); A (M); P (3 F)
Sergentomyia   rosannae                NH: H (F); P (3 F, 4 M)
Sergentomyia   schoutedeni             BE: L (M); P (3 M); C (2 F)
Sergentomyia   schwetzi                BE: C (5 F, 1 M); NH: S (1 M)
Sergentomyia   sidioliensis            IR: H (F); A (M); P (4 M)
Sergentomyia   simillima               NM: P (2 M)
Sergentomyia   sonyae                  NH: H (F); P (2 F, 5 M)
Sergentomyia   squamipleuris           NH: L (1 F)
Sergentomyia   taizi                   NH: H (F); P (2 F)
Sergentomyia   tauffliebi              IP: H (M); A (F); P (1 M)
Sergentomyia   teesdalei               NM: T (1 M)
Sergentomyia   thomsoni                NH: P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   tiberiadis              NH: L (F)
Sergentomyia   trouilleti              IR: T (F)
Sergentomyia   wansoni                 BE: T (1 F, 1 M); C (1 F, 1 M)
Sergentomyia   yusafi                  NH: L (M); P (1 F)
Sergentomyia   yvonnae                 BE: T (F)

           Species                         Country of Type Origin

Phlebotomus    aculeatus               Kenya
Phlebotomus    alexandri               Iraq
Phlebotomus    angustus                Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    arabicus                Yemen
Phlebotomus    ariasi                  Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    ashfordi                Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    bergeroti               Algeria
Phlebotomus    caudatus                Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    celiae                  Kenya
Phlebotomus    chabaudi                Tunisia
Phlebotomus    chadlii                 Kenya
Phlebotomus    comatus                 Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    duboscqi                Mauritania
Phlebotomus    elgonensis              Kenya
Phlebotomus    fantalensis             Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    gibiensis               Ethiopia (H; P: 6 F, 16 M);
                                         Kenya (4 M)
Phlebotomus    gigas                   Dem. Rep. Congo
Phlebotomus    guggisbergi             Kenya
Phlebotomus    halepensis              Iran
Phlebotomus    jacusieli               Israel
Phlebotomus    kabulensis              Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    kandelakii burneyi      Pakistan
Phlebotomus    katangensis             Dem. Rep. Congo
Phlebotomus    kyreniae                Cyprus
Phlebotomus    longipes                Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    marismortui             Israel
Phlebotomus    mesghalii               Kenya (H; P: 13 F, 8 M); Iran
                                         (P: 2 F, 4 M)
Phlebotomus    minteri                 Tanzania
Phlebotomus    mongolensis             Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    naqbenius               Saudi Arabia
Phlebotomus    nuri                    Pakistan
Phlebotomus    orientalis              Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    pedifer                 Kenya
Phlebotomus    perfiliewi galilaeus    Cyprus (S: 1 F, 5 M); Israel
                                         (S: 9 F, 8 M)
Phlebotomus    perfiliewi perfiliewi   Ukraine
Phlebotomus    perniciosus             Malta
Phlebotomus    rodhaini                Mozambique
Phlebotomus    rupester                Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    saevus                  Ethiopia
Phlebotomus    salangensis             Afghanistan
Phlebotomus    smirnovi                Belarus
Phlebotomus    syriacus                Israel
Phlebotomus    tobbi                   Iran (S: 5 F, 5 M); Israel
                                         (S: 5 F, 11 M, 9 U)
Phlebotomus    vansomerenae            Kenya
Phlebotomus    wenyoni                 Iran
Sergentomyia   adleri                  Ghana
Sergentomyia   africana africana       Nigeria
Sergentomyia   africana asiatica       Palestine
Sergentomyia   ansarii                 Iran
Sergentomyia   antennata               Ghana
Sergentomyia   azizi                   Cyprus
Sergentomyia   baghdadis               Iraq
Sergentomyia   balmicola               Cameroon
Sergentomyia   bedfordi                South Africa (H: F); D. R.
                                         Congo (P: 7 F, 18 M)
Sergentomyia   blossi                  Kenya
Sergentomyia   buxtoni                 Ghana (L: f), P: 2 M; Mali
                                         (P: 2 M)
Sergentomyia   christophersi           Pakistan
Sergentomyia   clastrieri              Guinea
Sergentomyia   clydei                  Pakistan
Sergentomyia   collarti                Dem. Rep. Congo

Sergentomyia   corneti                 Senegal
Sergentomyia   crosarai                Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   darlingi                Sudan
Sergentomyia   decipiens               Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   dentata dentata         Pakistan
Sergentomyia   diapagai                Burkina Faso
Sergentomyia   dolichopa               Djibouti
Sergentomyia   dubia                   Ghana (S: 2 F); Nigeria (1 F)
Sergentomyia   dureni                  Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   dyemkoumai              Cote d'Ivoire
Sergentomyia   edentulus               Senegal
Sergentomyia   emilii                  Rep. Congo (H: M, P: 4 M); Dem.
                                         Rep. Congo (P: 1 M)
Sergentomyia   fallax cypriotica       Cyprus
Sergentomyia   formica                 Namibia
Sergentomyia   freetownensis           Sierra Leone
                 freetownensis
Sergentomyia   freetownensis           Sudan
                 furanus
Sergentomyia   garnhami                Kenya
Sergentomyia   gracilis                Kenya
Sergentomyia   graingeri               Kenya
Sergentomyia   grilloti                Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   grjebinei               Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   hamoni                  Senegal
Sergentomyia   harveyi                 Kenya
Sergentomyia   heischi                 Kenya
Sergentomyia   herollandi              Mali
Sergentomyia   hodgsoni                Pakistan
Sergentomyia   inermis                 Guinea (M); Nigeria (11 F)
Sergentomyia   ingrami                 Ghana
Sergentomyia   iranica                 Iran
Sergentomyia   kirki                   South Sudan
Sergentomyia   kitonyii                Kenya
Sergentomyia   lesleyae                Sudan
Sergentomyia   lewisiana               Senegal
Sergentomyia   logonensis              Cameroon
Sergentomyia   machadoi                Angola
Sergentomyia   macinthosi              South Africa
Sergentomyia   madagascariensis        Madagascar

Sergentomyia   magnidentata            Kenya
Sergentomyia   meilloni                South Africa
Sergentomyia   minuta                  Ghana (1 M, 1 F); Zimbabwe
                                         (1 F, 4 M)
Sergentomyia   mirabilis               Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   montana                 Ethiopia
Sergentomyia   moucheti                Cameroon
Sergentomyia   ovazzai                 Guinea
Sergentomyia   palestinensis           Palestine
Sergentomyia   punjabensis             Pakistan
Sergentomyia   renauxi                 Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   richardi                Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   rimi                    Namibia (1 F, 1M); South
                                         Africa (1 F)
Sergentomyia   roberti                 Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   rogeri                  Senegal
Sergentomyia   rosannae                Kenya
Sergentomyia   schoutedeni             Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   schwetzi                Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   sidioliensis            Senegal
Sergentomyia   simillima               Ivory Coast
Sergentomyia   sonyae                  Oman
Sergentomyia   squamipleuris           Sudan
Sergentomyia   taizi                   Yemen
Sergentomyia   tauffliebi              Senegal
Sergentomyia   teesdalei               Kenya
Sergentomyia   thomsoni                Malawi
Sergentomyia   tiberiadis              Israel
Sergentomyia   trouilleti              Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   wansoni                 Dem. Rep. Congo
Sergentomyia   yusafi                  Kenya
Sergentomyia   yvonnae                 Dem. Rep. Congo

(a) Depository Codes:

BE-Royal Museum of Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium
IP-Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
IR-Inst. Res. Dev., Montpellier, France
KE-Kenya National Museum, Nairobi
ME-Museum of Entomology, Florida State Collection of Arthropods
NH-Museum of Natural History, London, UK
NM-National Museum of Natural History, Paris
UM-US National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution
Suitland, Maryland

(b) Type Codes:

A-allotype (1 specimen)
C-cotype
H-holotype (1 specimen)
L-lectotype (1 specimen)
P-paratype
PL-paralectotype
S-syntype
T-type

(c) Sex Codes:

F-female
M-male
U-undetermined

Table 3 (part 1 of 9). Checklist of Phlebotomine sand flies of
Africa, Southwest and Central Asia, including distribution. Note:
countries are represented by numerical codes which are defined in
Table 4.

Species                               Africa *            Southwest
                                                           Asia and
                                                        Central Asia *

Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 77, 81, 84
angustus Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          10, 19, 27             64,77, 85
arabicus Theodor,
1953
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 62, 65, 66, 80
balcanicus Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 62, 65, 66, 80
brevis Theodor &
Mesghali, 1964
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 66 *
chinensis Newstead,
1916
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 75
comatus Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 62, 65, 68, 66,
halepensis Theodor,
1958                                                   78, 80
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 65, 75
hindustanicus Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 65, 66
kabulensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 80
kyreniae Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 66, 75, 84
longiductus Parrot,
1928
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 77
naqbenius Lewis &
Buttiker, 1986
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60
rupester Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 66
salangensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius) simici                          66, 68, 78, 80
  Nitzulescu, 1931
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 60, 79, 81, 84
turanicus Artemiev,
1974
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                                 66, 81
zulfagarensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)                           75
  colabaensis Young & Chalam,
  1927
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)    29
huberti Depaquit, Leger
& Robert, 2002

Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)    2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 12,
  rodhaini Parrot, 1930         13, 14 *, 19, 21,
                                22 *, 23, 25, 27,
                                36 *, 39, 44, 48,
                                50, 53, 55

Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)    48
  rousettus Davidson, 1981
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)    29
vincenti Randrianambinintsoa
  & Depaquit, 2O13
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                            75
  argentipes Annandale and
  Brunetti, 1908
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                            60
  autumnalis Artemiev, 1980
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                            60
  caudatus Artemiev, 1978
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                            60, 66
  mesghalii Rashti & Nadim,
   1970
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                            66
  nadimi Javadian, Jalali-
   Galousang & Seyedi-Rashti,
   1997
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19, 25
  aculeatus Lewis, Minter
   & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       1, 35, 54
  ariasi Tonnoir, 1921
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19
  ashfordi Gebre-Michael
   and Lane, 1996
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       1, 35, 54
  chadlii Riou(X), Juminer
   and Gibily, 1966
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19, 25, 29
  elgonensis Ngoka, Madel
    & Mutinga, 1975
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19
  fantalensis Lewis, Minter
    & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19
  gibiensis Lewis, Minter
   & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       25, 52, 55
  guggisbergi Kirk & Lewis,
   1952
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66
  ilami Javadian, Jalali-
   Galousang & Seyedi-
   Rashti, 1997

Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              60, 61, 62, 65,
  kandelakii kandelakii                                66, 73, 80
   Shchurenkova, 1929
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66, 75
  kandelakii burneyi
   Lewis, 1967
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              60, 66, 75, 79
  keshishiani Shchurenkova,
   1936
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       1, 35, 54              64, 66
  langeroni Nitzulescu,
   1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       1, 5, 28, 35, 54
  longicuspis Nitzulescu,
  1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19, 25, 50
  longipes Parrot & Martin,
   1939
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66, 75
  major Annandale, 1910
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       35
  mariae Riou(X), Croset,
   Leger & Bailly-
   Choumara, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66, 80, 82
  neglectus Tonnoir, 1921
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              60
  notus Artemiev & Neronov,
   1984
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       10, 15, 16, 19,        64, 77, 85
  orientalis Parrot, 1936       25, 38, 41, 50,
                                55
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       19, 25, 50
  pedifer Lewis, Mutinga
   & Ashford, 1972
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       1,35, 54               62, 66, 80, 82
  perfiliewi perfiliewi
   Parrot, 1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              68, 80
  perfiliewi galilaeus
   Theodor, 1958
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              62, 65, 66. 67,
  perfiliewi transcaucasicus
  Perfil'ev, 1937
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              80
  perniciosus Newstead, 1911    1, 28, 35              60, 65, 78, 80,
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  smirnovi Perfil'ev, 1941
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66, 70, 81, 84
  somaliensis Abonnenc,         19, 47
   Adam & Bailly-Choumara,
   1959
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              61, 62, 65, 68,
  syriacus Adler & Theodor,                            69, 78, 80, 82
   1931
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              62, 65, 66, 67,
  tobbi Adler & Theodor,                               68, 73, 78, 80
   1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                              66, 67, 80, 81
wenyoni Adler & Theodor, 1930

Phlebotomus (Legeromyia)        20
  multihamatus Rahola,
   Depaquit, Makanga &
   Paupy, 2013

Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)   29
berentiensis (Leger &
Rodhain, 1978)
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)   29
fertei Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2002
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)   29
fontenillei Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2004
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)   29
vaomalalae Randrianambinint-
soa, Leger & Depaquit, 2013
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)   29
vincenti Randrianambinintsoa
& Depaquit, 2013
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   1, 15, 16, 19,         60, 62, 66, 67,
ale(X)andri Sinton, 1928        38, 50, 54             68, 69, 70, 71,
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          74, 75, 77, 80,
andrejevi Shakirzyanova, 1953                          81, 83, 85
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          60, 66, 70, 84
caucasicus Marzinowsky, 1917                           60, 61, 62, 65,
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   1, 28, 35, 54          66, 70, 84
chabaudi Croset, Abonnenc &
Riou(X), 1970

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   19
gemetchi Gebre-Michael and
Balkew, 2003

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          73*, 82, 66, 68,
jacusieli Theodor, 1947                                80
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   1, 16, 27, 35          60, 66, 69, 77,
kazeruni Theodor & Mesghali,
1964
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          80
marismortui Theodor, 1947                              68
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   19, 25
mireillae Kellick-Kendrick,
Tang, Johnson, Ngumbi &
Robert, 1997
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          60, 62, 66, 70,
mongolensis Sinton, 1928                               84

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          60, 66, 75
nuri Lewis, 1967

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   7, 19, 25, 50          77, 85
saevus Parrot & Martin, 1939

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   1, 15, 16, 18, 19,     60, 61 64, 65,
sergenti sergenti Parrot,       25, 27, 28, 31, 35,    66, 67, 68, 69,
1917                            37, 38, 47, 54         70, 73, 75, 77,
                                                       78, 80, 85
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                          63, 66, 82
sergenti similis Perfil'ev,
1963

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       1, 5, 10, 15, 16,      66, 68, 69, 75,
bergeroti Parrot, 1934          18, 19, 32, 35, 38,    77, 83, 85
                                44, 47, 50
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       5, 7, 9, 10, 19, 21,   77, 85
duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire, 1906    22, 25, 31, 32, 33,
                                38, 39, 44, 46,
                                50, 53, 59
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       2, 7, 9, 12, 13,
gigas Parrot & Schwetz, 1937    20, 23, 31
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       52
minteri Lewis, 1982

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       1, 16, 18, 19, 25*,    60, 61, 62, 65,
papatasi (Scopoli, 1786)        28, 35, 38, 47,        66. 67. 68, 69,
                                50, 54                 70, 71, 73, 74,
                                                       75, 77, 78, 80,
                                                       81, 84, 85
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)                              66
salehi Mesghali, 1965

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                           66
ansarii Lewis, 1957

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    19, 25
celiae Minter, 1962

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                           66
eleanorae Sinton, 1931

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    37
grovei Downes, 1971

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    12, 58
katangensis Bequaert & Walra-
vens, 1930
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)
martini Parrot, 1936
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)
rossi de Meillon &              19, 25, 47, 50, 55
Lavoipierre, 1944
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                           73
saltiae Leger, Haddad and       37, 48, 58
Chaker, 1997
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    58
taylori Davidson, 1982
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    19, 25
vansomerenae Heisch, Guggis-
berg & Teesdale, 1956
Phlebotomus                                            68, 69, 78
(Transphlebotomus)
canaaniticus Adler & Theodor,
1931
Phlebotomus                     1                      6
(Transphlebotomus) mascittii
Grassi, 1908
Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48
caffrarica (de Meillon &
Lavoipierre, 1944)
Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48
capensis (de Meillon, 1955)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48
drakensbergi Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48
haeselbarthi (Abonnenc, 1967)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      37, 48
kalaharia Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48
luteola Davidson, 1983

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      48, 55, 58
meeseri (de Meillon & Hard,
1953)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      37, 48
nama Davidson, 1953

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      37, 48
namibensis (de Meillon &
Hardy, 1953)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)      37, 48
(X)era Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Demeillonius)     48
transvaalensis Sinton, 1933

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       1, 15, 18, 19,         66, 69, 77, 85
dreyfussi dreyfussi (Parrot,    25, 35, 47, 54,
1933)                           66
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                              60, 68, 81
dreyfussi turkestanica
Theodor & Mesghali, 1964
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       3, 5, 12, 13, 14,
ghesquierei (Parrot, 1929)      19, 21, 22 *, 23,
                                44, 47 *

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                              66, 75
indica (Theodor, 1931)

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10,
inermis (Theodor, 1938)         19, 21, 22, 23,
                                25, 30, 39, 44,
                                48, 50
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       29
madagascariensis (Abonnenc,
1969)

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       2, 3, 5, 9, 10,        66, 67, 68, 77
squamipleuris (Newstead,        12, 13, 14, 15,
1912)                           16, 19, 21, 22,
                                23, 25, 29, 30,
                                31, 36, 39, 44,
                                46, 48, 50, 52,
                                53, 55, 57
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   2, 13
angolensis (Abonnenc, 1968)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   2, 7, 9, 12, 13,
collarti (Adler, Theodor &
Parrot, 1929)

                                14, 21, 22, 23,
                                39, 42, 46, 50,
                                52, 55
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   44
corneti Pastre, 1975

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   7, 9, 12, 13, 14,
decipiens (Theodor, 1931)       23, 25, 39, 44,
                                50, 52*, 55
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   15                     66, 85
dolichopa (Abonnenc &
Courtois, 1970)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   2, 5, 9, 10, 12,
dureni Parrot, 1934             13, 14, 19*, 21,
                                22*, 23, 25, 27,
                                39, 44, 50, 52
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   13, 14
dyemkoumai (Abonnenc, 1964)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   12, 13
grejbinei (Vattier-Bernard,
1971)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   13
grilloti (Vattier-Bernard &
Biman-gou, 1975)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   25
harveyi (Heisch, Guggisberg &
Teesdale), 1956

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                          60, 66, 75
hodgsoni (Sinton, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   2, 3, 5, 7, 9,
ingrami (Newstead, 1914)        12, 13, 14, 19*,
                                21, 22, 23, 25,
                                27, 39, 44, 50,
                                53, 55
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   25, 30, 50
kirki (Parrot, 1948)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   19, 25
kitonyii (Minter, 1963)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   2
machadoi (Abonnenc, 1968)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   48
macintoshi (Abonnenc &
Pastre, 1972)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   19
notata (Parrot, 1938)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                          60, 61, 66, 67,
pawlowskyi Perfil'ev, 1933                             80, 81, 84
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   12, 13, 19, 25,
serrata (Parrot & Malbrant,     50, 55
1952
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   74, 77
sonyae Lewis, 1982

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   25
teesdalei Minter, 1963

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   13
trouilleti Vattier-Bernard,
1976

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      3, 5, 7, 9, 12,        66
africana africana (Newstead,    13, 15, 14, 19,
1912)                           21, 22,23, 25,
                                27, 31, 32, 38,
                                39, 44, 46, 48,
                                50, 53, 55, 57,
                                85

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      35                     68, 69, 75, 77
africana asiatica (Theodor,
1933)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      33                     60, 75
babu babu (Annandale, 1910)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             60, 66, 67, 75
baghdadis Adler & Theodor,
1929

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             66, 75
bailyi (Sinton, 1931)
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      2, 12, 13, 27
crosarai (Parrot & Wanson,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      1, 27, 50, 53
eremitis (Parrot & Bouquet de
Joliniere, 1945)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      2, 3, 9, 14, 18,
freetownensis freetownensis     12*, 13, 19, 25,
(Sinton, 1930)                  23, 32, 44, 46,
                                48, 50, 58, 77

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      50
freetownensis furanus (Lewis
& Kirk, 1958)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             60, 66, 70, 75,
grekovi Khodukin, 1929                                 79, 81, 82, 84
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      2, 5, 7, 9, 12,        77
magna (Sinton, 1932)            14, 21, 19, 22*,
                                23, 31, 32, 39,
                                53, 44, 48, 50,
                                58
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      1, 15, 16, 18,         62, 66, 67, 68,
palestinensis (Adler & 1953)    19, 35, 50             69, 75, 77

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             58
rhodesiensis (de Meillon &
Hardy, Theodor, 1927)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             75
shorttii (Adler & Theodor,
1927)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             66, 79, 84
sogdiana (Parrot, 1928)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                             60, 66, 67, 81,
sumbarica Perfil'ev, 1933                              84
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      12
yvonnae (Parrot & Schwetz,
1937)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      48
zielkei Seccombe, Ready and
Hud-dleston, 1993

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)        37, 58
arida Davidson, 1982

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)        19, 25, 36, 37,
heischi Kirk & Lewis, 1950      50
Sergentomyia (Parvidens)                               66
iranica (Lewis & Mesghali,
1961)

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)        19, 32, 50
lesleyae (Lewis & Kirk, 1946)

Sergentomyia (Rondanomyia)      29
goodmani goodmani Depaquit &
Robert, 2005

Sergentomyia (Rondanomyia)      11
goodmani comorensis Depaquit,
Randrianamnini & Leger, 2012

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     1, 3, 5, 7, 9,         66, 67, 68, 69,
antennata (Newstead, 1912)      10, 19, 12, 14,        71, 77, 83, 55
                                15, 16, 19, 20,
                                21, 22, 23, 25,
                                27, 30, 31, 32,
                                35, 39, 44, 46,
                                47, 48, 50, 52 *,
                                53, 54

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            81, 84
arpaklensis Perfil'ev, 1933

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     19
ashfordi Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     2, 3, 4 **, 7, 9,
bedfordi (Newstead, 1914)       10, 12, 14, 19,
                                21, 22, 23,25,
                                27,31, 36, 37,
                                39, 44, 48, 50,
                                52, 53, 55, 58

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     13
bergerardi Trouillet &
Vattier-Bernard, 1978

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     13
bimangoui Davidson, 1990

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     25
blossi (Kirk & Lewis, 1952)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     3, 5, 10, 14 *,
bu(X)toni (Theodor, 1933)       21, 22, 31, 38,
                                39, 44
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     30, 36, 48, 57,
caliginosa Davidson, 1987       58
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     9, 15, 16, 19,
cincta (Parrot & Martin,1930)   22, 25, 50, 55

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     4, 12
congolensis (Bequaert
&Walravens, 1944)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     18, 19, 50
davidsoni Seccombe, Ready and
Huddleston, 1993

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            60, 62, 65, 66,
dentata dentata (Sinton,                               67, 75, 78, 80,
1933)                                                  83, 85
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            61, 62, 65, 66,
dentata agdamica Artemiev,
1982

                                                       67
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            80
dentata bruchoni Parrot, 1935

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     5, 7, 13, 14, 21,
dubia (Parrot, Mornet &         22, 23, 31, 32,
Cadenat, 1934)                  39, 44

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     1, 5, 15, 16, 19,      60, 64, 77, 85
falla(X) falla(X) Parrot,       35, 38, 54
1921

Sergentomyia                                           60
(Sergentomyia) falla(X)
afghanica Artemiev, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            67, 68, 73, 80
falla(X) cypriotica (Adler,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     37, 48, 58
formica Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     25
gracilis (Kirk & Lewis, 1952)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     2, 13, 27, 55
impudica Abonnenc, 1968

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     7, 9
logonensis (Rageau, 1951)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     25, 47 *
magnidentata Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     54                     60, 66, 75
mervynae Pringle, 1953

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     25 *                   80, 82
minuta minuta Rondani, 1843

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     1, 28, 35, 54          78
minuta parroti (Adler &
Theodor, 1927)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            60, 66, 70, 81
murgabiensis murgabiensis
Perfil'ev, 1939

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            60, 66, 75
murgabiensis pashtunica
Artemiev, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     16                     60, 66, 67, 71,
murgabiensis sintoni Pringle,                          80, 81
1953
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     14, 19, 22, 23,
pastoriana (Parrot, Mornet &
Cade-nat, 1945)

                                39, 46, 50, 55
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            75
punjabensis (Sinton, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     12, 13
renau(X)i (Parrot & Schwetz,
1937)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     7, 12, 27, 53, 55
richardi (Parrot & Wanson,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     30, 36, 37, 48,
rima Davidson, 1987             57, 58
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     50, 55
ruttledgei (Lewis & Kirk,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     4, 37, 48, 49,
salisburiensis (Abonnenc,       57, 58
1967)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     3, 7, 12, 14, 23,
schoutedeni schoutedeni         25, 26, 39, 50,
(Adler,Theodor & Parrot,        53, 55
1929)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     25, 50
schoutedeni nocens (Parrot,
1951)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9,      77, 85
schwetzi (Adler, Theodor &      10, 12, 13, 14,
Parrot, 1929)                   15, 16, 19, 20,
                                21, 22, 23, 25,
                                27, 31, 32, 35,
                                35, 37, 39, 44,
                                46, 47, 48, 50,
                                52 *, 53, 55
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     7, 55
serridentata Davidson, 1990

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     13
silva Trouillet, 1985

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     15, 16                 77, 85
taizi Lewis, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     36
teteica Artemiev, 1985

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     16                     60, 66, 67, 68,
theodori (Parrot, 1919)                                69, 73, 75, 77,
                                                       78, 80
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                            67
waqqasi Artemiev, 1982

Sergentomyia                    25, 39, 52, 55,        85
(Sergentomyia)yusafi (Sinton,   57
1930)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     37, 48
zumpti (Abonnenc, 1967)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        9, 31
adami (Abonnenc, 1960)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        3, 5, 7, 9, 10,        66, 69, 77, 83
adleri (Theodor, 1933)          14, 15, 16, 19,
                                21, 22, 25, 38,
                                39, 44, 50, 53,
                                55
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        9, 19, 23, 25, 50
affinis affinis (Theodor,
1933)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        2, 3, 5, 9, 10,
affinis vora(X) (Parrot, 1948)  19, 22, 23, 25,
                                31, 39, 44, 50
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        7
balmicola Abonnenc, Adam &
Bailly-Choumara, 1959
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        10, 15, 18, 19,        77
calcarata (Parrot, 1948)        50
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        47
choumarai (Abonnenc, 1960)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        1, 5, 9, 10, 15,       60, 66, 69, 74,
christophersi (Sinton, 1927)    16, 18, 19, 21,        75, 77, 85
                                23, 25, 29, 35,
                                38, 39, 44, 50,
                                54, 55
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        15, 23
clastrieri (Abonnenc, 1964)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        1, 5, 7, 9, 10,        60, 66, 67, 68,
clydei (Sinton, 1928)           15, 16, 18, 19,        70, 71, 75, 77,
                                21, 22, 25, 31,        79, 81, 83, 85
                                35, 38, 39, 44,
                                45, 47, 50, 53,
                                54, 55
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        5, 31
diapagai (Abonnenc, 1962)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        44
edentulus Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        25
graingeri (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Teesdale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        31, 44
herollandi (Abonnenc, 1960)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                               75
hospitii (Sinton, 1924)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        44
lewisiana Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        12
mbandakai Abonnenc, 1970
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        25, 36, 37, 48,
meilloni Sinton, 1932           51, 58
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        44
rogeri Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        50
sattii Qutubuddin, 1962
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        44
sidioliensis Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        25, 50
suberecta (Sinton, 1932)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        13, 14, 44
tauffliebi (Abonnenc &
Cornet, 1971)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        10, 19, 25, 30
thomsoni (Theodor, 1938)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        15, 16, 18, 19,        60, 66, 68, 74,
tiberiadis tiberiadis (Adler,   50                     77, 83, 85
Theodor & Lourie, 1930)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                               60, 75, 81
tiberiadis pakistanica
Artemiev & Saf'janova, 1974
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        2, 5, 9, 12, 13,       66
wansoni (Parrot, 1938)          19, 31, 55
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      7                      75
bailyi (Sinton, 1931)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      5, 9, 31,50
darlingi (Lewis & Kirk, 1954)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      5, 9, 13
emilii (Vattier-Bernard,
1966)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      9, 50
hunti (Lewis & Kirk, 1946)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      2, 9, 12, 13,
mirabilis (Parrot & Wanson,     52, 55
1939)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      7, 9, 13
moucheti (Vattier-Bernard &
Abon-nenc, 1967)
Sergentomyia (Trouilletomyia)   29
boironis Ranadrianambinintspa
& Depaquit, 2014
Sergentomyia (Trouilletomyia)   29
huberti Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2002
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)     29
anka Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2008

Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)     29
namo Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2008
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)     11
pessoni Depaquit,
Randrianamnini & Leger, 2012
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)     29
schlerpsiphon Depaquit, Leger
& Robert, 2008
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped) **     29
berentiensis Leger & Rodhain,
1978
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13
bernardae Trouillet, 1982
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        37
cunicula Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        5, 13, 14, 23
dissimillima (Abonnenc, 1972)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        25, 52
garnhami (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        2, 5, 7, 9, 12,
hamoni (Abonnenc, 1958)         13, 14, 31, 44,
                                50
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        1
hirta (Parrot & Bouquet de
Joliniere, 1945)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13
horridula Vattier-Bernard &
Trouillet, 1982
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13
leponti Vattier-Bernard, 1973
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13, 55
lumsdeni Kirk & Lewis, 1950
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        29
majungaensis Depaquit, Leger
and Robert, 2007
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        37, 48
metzi Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                               75
montana (Sinton, 1924)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13, 14, 27, 55
moreli (Abonnenc & Hamon,
1958)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        15, 19, 25             85
multidens (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        23
ovazzai (Pastre, 1973)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        13
roberti Vattier-Bernard &
Trouillet, 1081
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        25
rosannae (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        3, 5, 7, 9, 12,
simillima (Newstead, 1914)      13, 14, 19, 22,
                                23, 24, 27, 37,
                                39, 46, 50, 53,
                                55
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        37, 48, 58
villosa Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        37, 48
vulpes Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        37, 48
welwitschii Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        19
wurtzi (Parrot, 1938)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        25, 55
wynnae (Watson, 1951)

Species                              Other              Selected
                                   Countries           References

Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
angustus Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19, 46, 47, (X)
arabicus Theodor,
1953
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          96, 102, 109,      3, 19, 43, 47
balcanicus Theodor,
1958                            111, 118
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          96, 104            3, 19, 43, 45
brevis Theodor &
Mesghali, 1964
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             (X)
chinensis Newstead,
1916
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          107                3, 19
comatus Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          107                3, 19, 43
halepensis Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          98, 107            3, 19
hindustanicus Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19, 3
kabulensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          94                 3, 19
kyreniae Theodor,
1958
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)          92, 98, 109        3, 19, 43
longiductus Parrot,
1928
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
naqbenius Lewis &
Buttiker, 1986
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
rupester Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
salangensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Adlerius) simici   96, 102            3, 19
  Nitzulescu, 1931
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
turanicus Artemiev,
1974
Phlebotomus (Adlerius)                             3, 19
zulfagarensis Artemiev,
1978
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)    98                 3, 19
  colabaensis Young & Chalam,
  1927
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)                       36
huberti Depaquit, Leger
& Robert, 2002

Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)                       3, 19, 44, 47,
  rodhaini Parrot, 1930                            49, (X)

Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)                       3, 19
  rousettus Davidson, 1981
Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus)                       36
vincenti Randrianambinintsoa
  & Depaquit, 2O13
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)     87, 98, 99, 101,   3, 19
  argentipes Annandale and      103, 106, 107,
  Brunetti, 1908                113, 117, 120
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                        3, 19
  autumnalis Artemiev, 1980
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                        3, 19
  caudatus Artemiev, 1978
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                        3, 19, 43
  mesghalii Rashti & Nadim,
   1970
Phlebotomus (Euphlebotomus)                        3, 19, 43
  nadimi Javadian, Jalali-
   Galousang & Seyedi-Rashti,
   1997
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, (X)
  aculeatus Lewis, Minter
   & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       95, 100, 108,      3, 19, (X)
  ariasi Tonnoir, 1921          112
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, 28, (X)
  ashfordi Gebre-Michael
   and Lane, 1996
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  chadlii Riou(X), Juminer
   and Gibily, 1966
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, 46, (X)
  elgonensis Ngoka, Madel
    & Mutinga, 1975
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  fantalensis Lewis, Minter
    & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  gibiensis Lewis, Minter
   & Ashford, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  guggisbergi Kirk & Lewis,
   1952
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          43, 45
  ilami Javadian, Jalali-
   Galousang & Seyedi-
   Rashti, 1997

Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, 43
  kandelakii kandelakii
   Shchurenkova, 1929
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  kandelakii burneyi
   Lewis, 1967                                     3, 19
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, 43
  keshishiani Shchurenkova,
   1936
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  langeroni Nitzulescu,
   1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       112                3, 19, 25
  longicuspis Nitzulescu,
  1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, (X)
  longipes Parrot & Martin,
   1939
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       107, 117           3, 19
  major Annandale, 1910
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  mariae Riou(X), Croset,                          3, 19
   Leger & Bailly-
   Choumara, 1974
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  neglectus Tonnoir, 1921       86, 88, 96, 100,   3, 19, 43
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       110
  notus Artemiev & Neronov,                        3, 19
   1984
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  orientalis Parrot, 1936                          3, 19, 46, (X)

Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  pedifer Lewis, Mutinga
   & Ashford, 1972                                 3, 19, (X)
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       96, 97, 100,       3, 19, 43
  perfiliewi perfiliewi         104, 109
   Parrot, 1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       94                 3, 19
  perfiliewi galilaeus
   Theodor, 1958
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  perfiliewi transcaucasicus
  Perfil'ev, 1937
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)
  perniciosus Newstead, 1911    94, 95, 100,       3, 19
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       104, 108, 111,
  smirnovi Perfil'ev, 1941      112
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       92                 3, 19
  somaliensis Abonnenc,                            3, 19, (X)
   Adam & Bailly-Choumara,
   1959
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19
  syriacus Adler & Theodor,
   1931
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)       86, 94, 96, 100    3, 19, 43
  tobbi Adler & Theodor,
   1930
Phlebotomus (Larroussius)                          3, 19, 43
wenyoni Adler & Theodor, 1930

Phlebotomus (Legeromyia)                           35
  multihamatus Rahola,
   Depaquit, Makanga &
   Paupy, 2013

Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)                      3, 19, 26, 33
berentiensis (Leger &
Rodhain, 1978)
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)                      21, 26, 36
fertei Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2002
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)                      23, 26
fontenillei Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2004
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)                      26, 37
vaomalalae Randrianambinint-
soa, Leger & Depaquit, 2013
Phlebotomus (Madaphlebotomus)                      37
vincenti Randrianambinintsoa
& Depaquit, 2013
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   92, 94, 96, 98,    3, 19, 43, (X)
ale(X)andri Sinton, 1928        105, 109, 112
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)
andrejevi Shakirzyanova, 1953
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   92, 105            3, 19, 43
caucasicus Marzinowsky, 1917    92                 3, 19, 43
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   112                3, 19
chabaudi Croset, Abonnenc &
Riou(X), 1970

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      29
gemetchi Gebre-Michael and
Balkew, 2003

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      3, 19, 43, (X)
jacusieli Theodor, 1947
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      3, 19, 43, 47, (X)
kazeruni Theodor & Mesghali,
1964
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)
marismortui Theodor, 1947                          3, 19
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      46, (X)
mireillae Kellick-Kendrick,
Tang, Johnson, Ngumbi &
Robert, 1997
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   92                 3, 19, 43
mongolensis Sinton, 1928

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      3, 19
nuri Lewis, 1967

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)                      3, 19
saevus Parrot & Martin, 1939

Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   94, 95, 96, 98,    3, 19, 43, 47, (X)
sergenti sergenti Parrot,       100, 104, 107,
1917                            108, 109, 111,
                                112
Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus)   118, 119           3, 19, 43
sergenti similis Perfil'ev,
1963

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)                          3, 19, 43, 46, (X)
bergeroti Parrot, 1934

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)                          3, 19, 40, 46, (X)
duboscqi Neveu-Lemaire, 1906

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)                          3, 19, 46, (X)
gigas Parrot & Schwetz, 1937
Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)                          3, 19
minteri Lewis, 1982

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       87, 89, 94, 96,    3, 19, 42, 43, (X)
papatasi (Scopoli, 1786)        96, 97, 98, 100,
                                104, 107, 109,
                                112, 113

Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus)       98                 3, 19, 43, (X)
salehi Mesghali, 1965

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       3, 19, 43
ansarii Lewis, 1957

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       46, (X)
celiae Minter, 1962

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)    98                 3, 19, 43
eleanorae Sinton, 1931

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       3, 19
grovei Downes, 1971

Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       3, 19, 46, (X)
katangensis Bequaert & Walra-
vens, 1930
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)
martini Parrot, 1936
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)
rossi de Meillon &                                 3, 19, (X)
Lavoipierre, 1944
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       32
saltiae Leger, Haddad and                          3, 19
Chaker, 1997
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       3, 19
taylori Davidson, 1982
Phlebotomus (Synphlebotomus)                       3, 19
vansomerenae Heisch, Guggis-
berg & Teesdale, 1956
Phlebotomus                                        3, 19
(Transphlebotomus)
canaaniticus Adler & Theodor,
1931
Phlebotomus                     94, 95, 96, 100,   3, 19
(Transphlebotomus) mascittii    102, 112, 115
Grassi, 1908
Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
caffrarica (de Meillon &
Lavoipierre, 1944)
Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
capensis (de Meillon, 1955)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
drakensbergi Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
haeselbarthi (Abonnenc, 1967)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
kalaharia Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
luteola Davidson, 1983

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19
meeseri (de Meillon & Hard,
1953)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
nama Davidson, 1953

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
namibensis (de Meillon &
Hardy, 1953)

Sergentomyia (Capensomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
(X)era Davidson, 1979

Sergentomyia (Demeillonius)                        3, 19
transvaalensis Sinton, 1933

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19, 43
dreyfussi dreyfussi (Parrot,
1933)
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19
dreyfussi turkestanica
Theodor & Mesghali, 1964
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19, (X)
ghesquierei (Parrot, 1929)

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)       90, 92, 93, 98,    3, 19
indica (Theodor, 1931)          99, 101, 103,
                                107, 116, 117
Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19, 49
inermis (Theodor, 1938)

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19
madagascariensis (Abonnenc,
1969)

Sergentomyia (Grassomyia)                          3, 19, 27, 43, (X)
squamipleuris (Newstead,
1912)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
angolensis (Abonnenc, 1968)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
collarti (Adler, Theodor &
Parrot, 1929)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
corneti Pastre, 1975

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
decipiens (Theodor, 1931)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
dolichopa (Abonnenc &
Courtois, 1970)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
dureni Parrot, 1934

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, 46
dyemkoumai (Abonnenc, 1964)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
grejbinei (Vattier-Bernard,
1971)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
grilloti (Vattier-Bernard &
Biman-gou, 1975)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
harveyi (Heisch, Guggisberg &
Teesdale), 1956

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)   98, 117            3, 19
hodgsoni (Sinton, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      19, 47, (X)
ingrami (Newstead, 1914)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
kirki (Parrot, 1948)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
kitonyii (Minter, 1963)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
machadoi (Abonnenc, 1968)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
macintoshi (Abonnenc &
Pastre, 1972)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
notata (Parrot, 1938)

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
pawlowskyi Perfil'ev, 1933
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
serrata (Parrot & Malbrant,
1952
Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
sonyae Lewis, 1982

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19, (X)
teesdalei Minter, 1963

Sergentomyia (Neophlebotomus)                      3, 19
trouilleti Vattier-Bernard,
1976

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 27, 34, 43,
africana africana (Newstead,                       46, 47, (X)
1912)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      98                 3, 19
africana asiatica (Theodor,
1933)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      87, 98             3, 19
babu babu (Annandale, 1910)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      98                 3, 19, 43, (X)
baghdadis Adler & Theodor,
1929

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      90, 92, 98, 101,   3, 19
bailyi (Sinton, 1931)           117, 120
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, 47, (X)
crosarai (Parrot & Wanson,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, 47, (X)
eremitis (Parrot & Bouquet de
Joliniere, 1945)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
freetownensis freetownensis
(Sinton, 1930)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19
freetownensis furanus (Lewis
& Kirk, 1958)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      98                 3, 19, 43
grekovi Khodukin, 1929
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
magna (Sinton, 1932)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      98                 3, 19, 43, (X)
palestinensis (Adler & 1953)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19
rhodesiensis (de Meillon &
Hardy, Theodor, 1927)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      87, 98, 106        3, 19
shorttii (Adler & Theodor,
1927)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, 43
sogdiana (Parrot, 1928)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)      92                 3, 19, 43, (X)
sumbarica Perfil'ev, 1933
Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
yvonnae (Parrot & Schwetz,
1937)

Sergentomyia (Parrotomyia)                         3, 19
zielkei Seccombe, Ready and
Hud-dleston, 1993

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)                           3, 19, (X)
arida Davidson, 1982

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)                           3, 19, (X)
heischi Kirk & Lewis, 1950
Sergentomyia (Parvidens)                           3, 19, 43
iranica (Lewis & Mesghali,
1961)

Sergentomyia (Parvidens)                           3, 19
lesleyae (Lewis & Kirk, 1946)

Sergentomyia (Rondanomyia)                         22
goodmani goodmani Depaquit &
Robert, 2005

Sergentomyia (Rondanomyia)                         39
goodmani comorensis Depaquit,
Randrianamnini & Leger, 2012

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 43, 46,
antennata (Newstead, 1912)                         47, (X)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
arpaklensis Perfil'ev, 1933

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
ashfordi Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 47, 49, (X)
bedfordi (Newstead, 1914)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
bergerardi Trouillet &
Vattier-Bernard, 1978

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
bimangoui Davidson, 1990

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
blossi (Kirk & Lewis, 1952)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
bu(X)toni (Theodor, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
caliginosa Davidson, 1987
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
cincta (Parrot & Martin,1930)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 49, (X)
congolensis (Bequaert
&Walravens, 1944)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
davidsoni Seccombe, Ready and
Huddleston, 1993

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 43
dentata dentata (Sinton,
1933)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
dentata agdamica Artemiev,
1982

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     96                 3, 19
dentata bruchoni Parrot, 1935

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
dubia (Parrot, Mornet &
Cadenat, 1934)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
falla(X) falla(X) Parrot,
1921

Sergentomyia                                       3, 19
(Sergentomyia) falla(X)
afghanica Artemiev, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     94                 3, 19
falla(X) cypriotica (Adler,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
formica Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
gracilis (Kirk & Lewis, 1952)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 44, (X)
impudica Abonnenc, 1968

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
logonensis (Rageau, 1951)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
magnidentata Davidson, 1987

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 43
mervynae Pringle, 1953

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     95, 96, 100,       3, 19, (X)
minuta minuta Rondani, 1843     104, 108, 109,
                                112
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     94, 96, 112        3, 19
minuta parroti (Adler &
Theodor, 1927)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
murgabiensis murgabiensis
Perfil'ev, 1939

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     105                3, 19
murgabiensis pashtunica
Artemiev, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
murgabiensis sintoni Pringle,
1953
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
pastoriana (Parrot, Mornet &
Cade-nat, 1945)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     113, 117           3, 19
punjabensis (Sinton, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
renau(X)i (Parrot & Schwetz,
1937)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
richardi (Parrot & Wanson,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
rima Davidson, 1987
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
ruttledgei (Lewis & Kirk,
1946)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, 49, (X)
salisburiensis (Abonnenc,
1967)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
schoutedeni schoutedeni
(Adler,Theodor & Parrot,
1929)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
schoutedeni nocens (Parrot,
1951)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        24, 25, 27, (X)
schwetzi (Adler, Theodor &
Parrot, 1929)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
serridentata Davidson, 1990

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
silva Trouillet, 1985

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19, (X)
taizi Lewis, 1974

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
teteica Artemiev, 1985

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)     94, 96, 98, 101    3, 19, 43
theodori (Parrot, 1919)

Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
waqqasi Artemiev, 1982

Sergentomyia                                       3, 19, 46, (X)
(Sergentomyia)yusafi (Sinton,
1930)
Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia)                        3, 19
zumpti (Abonnenc, 1967)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
adami (Abonnenc, 1960)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, 27, 46, (X)
adleri (Theodor, 1933)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, 46, (X)
affinis affinis (Theodor,
1933)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
affinis vora(X) (Parrot, 1948)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
balmicola Abonnenc, Adam &
Bailly-Choumara, 1959
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
calcarata (Parrot, 1948)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
choumarai (Abonnenc, 1960)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        98                 3, 19, 27, 43,
christophersi (Sinton, 1927)                       46, (X)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
clastrieri (Abonnenc, 1964)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, 44, (X)
clydei (Sinton, 1928)

Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
diapagai (Abonnenc, 1962)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
edentulus Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
graingeri (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Teesdale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
herollandi (Abonnenc, 1960)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)        98                 3, 19
hospitii (Sinton, 1924)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
lewisiana Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
mbandakai Abonnenc, 1970
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
meilloni Sinton, 1932
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
rogeri Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
sattii Qutubuddin, 1962
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
sidioliensis Pastre, 1982
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
suberecta (Sinton, 1932)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
tauffliebi (Abonnenc &
Cornet, 1971)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
thomsoni (Theodor, 1938)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, 43, (X)
tiberiadis tiberiadis (Adler,
Theodor & Lourie, 1930)
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19
tiberiadis pakistanica
Artemiev & Saf'janova, 1974
Sergentomyia (Sintonius)                           3, 19, (X)
wansoni (Parrot, 1938)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)      92, 98, 117,       3, 19
bailyi (Sinton, 1931)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
darlingi (Lewis & Kirk, 1954)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
emilii (Vattier-Bernard,
1966)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)                         3, 19
hunti (Lewis & Kirk, 1946)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)                         3, 19, (X)
mirabilis (Parrot & Wanson,
1939)
Sergentomyia (Spelaeomyia)                         3, 19
moucheti (Vattier-Bernard &
Abon-nenc, 1967)
Sergentomyia (Trouilletomyia)                      38
boironis Ranadrianambinintspa
& Depaquit, 2014
Sergentomyia (Trouilletomyia)                      24
huberti Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2002
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)                        24
anka Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2008

Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)                        24
namo Depaquit, Leger &
Robert, 2008
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)                        39
pessoni Depaquit,
Randrianamnini & Leger, 2012
Sergentomyia (Vattieromyia)                        24
schlerpsiphon Depaquit, Leger
& Robert, 2008
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped) **                        3, 19
berentiensis Leger & Rodhain,
1978
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
bernardae Trouillet, 1982
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
cunicula Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
dissimillima (Abonnenc, 1972)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
garnhami (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19, (X)
hamoni (Abonnenc, 1958)

Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
hirta (Parrot & Bouquet de
Joliniere, 1945)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
horridula Vattier-Bernard &
Trouillet, 1982
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
leponti Vattier-Bernard, 1973
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
lumsdeni Kirk & Lewis, 1950
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           48
majungaensis Depaquit, Leger
and Robert, 2007
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19, (X)
metzi Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)        98, 107            3, 19
montana (Sinton, 1924)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 43, 47, (X)
moreli (Abonnenc & Hamon,
1958)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
multidens (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
ovazzai (Pastre, 1973)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
roberti Vattier-Bernard &
Trouillet, 1081
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
rosannae (Heisch, Guggisberg
& Tees-dale, 1956)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 43, 47, (X)
simillima (Newstead, 1914)

Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19, (X)
villosa Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19, (X)
vulpes Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19, (X)
welwitschii Davidson, 1979
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
wurtzi (Parrot, 1938)
Sergentomyia (Ungrouped)                           3, 19
wynnae (Watson, 1951)

* New country species record.
Notes: Africa includes
several Western Indian Ocean
islands (Comoros, Madagascar,
Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion,
and Seychelles); (X) indicates
observed.

** Ungrouped indicates
subgenus uncertain.

Table 4. List of countries
and their numerical codes as
shown in Figure 1 and Table
3.

Code   Country *
No.

1      Algeria
2      Angola
3      Benin
4      Botswana
5      Burkina Faso
6      Burundi
7      Cameroon
8      Cape Verde
9      Central African Republic
10     Chad
11     Comoros
12     Congo, Democratic
       Republic of
13     Congo, Republic of
14     Cote d'Ivoire
15     Djibouti
16     Egypt
17     Equatorial Guinea
18     Eritrea
19     Ethiopia
20     Gabon
21     Gambia
22     Ghana
23     Guinea
24     Guinea-Bissau
25     Kenya
26     Lesotho
27     Liberia
28     Libya
29     Madagascar
30     Malawi

31     Mali
32     Mauritania
33     Mauritius
34     Mayotte (France)
35     Morocco
       (excluding Western Sahara)
36     Mozambique
37     Namibia
38     Niger
39     Nigeria
40     Reunion (France)
41     Rwanda
42     Saint Helena, Ascension
         and Tristan da Cunha (UK)
43     Sao Tome and Principe
44     Senegal
45     Seychelles
46     Sierra Leone
47     Somalia
48     South Africa
49     South Sudan
50     Sudan
51     Swaziland
52     Tanzania
53     Togo
54     Tunisia
55     Uganda
56     Western Sahara
57     Zambia
58     Zimbabwe
60     Afghanistan
61     Armenia

62     Azerbaijan
63     Bahrain
64     Egypt
65     Georgia
66     Iran
67     Iraq
68     Israel
69     Jordan
70     Kazakhstan
71     Kuwait
72     Kyrgyzstan
73     Lebanon
74     Oman
75     Pakistan
76     Qatar
77     Saudi Arabia
78     Syria
79     Tajikistan
80     Turkey
81     Turkmenistan
82     Ukraine
83     United Arab Emirates
84     Uzbekistan
       (including Crimea)
85     Yemen
86     Albania
87     Bangladesh
88     Bosnia & Herzegovina
89     Bulgaria
90     Cambodia
91     Cameroon

92     China (mainland)
93     China (Hong Kong)
94     Cyprus
95     France
96     Greece
97     Hungary
98     India
99     Indonesia
100    Italy
101    Laos
102    Macedonia
103    Malaysia
104    Malta
105    Mongolia
106    Myanmar
107    Nepal
108    Portugal
109    Romania
110    Russia
111    Serbia & Montenegro
       (former Yugoslavia)
112    Spain
113    Sri Lanka
114    Sri Lanka (Ubduam)
115    Switzerland
116    Taiwan
117    Thailand
118    Ukraine
119    Ukraine (Crimea)
120    Vietnam

* Africa (code nos. 1-58, including West Indian Ocean Islands);
Southwest Asia and Central Asia (code nos. 60-85, including Middle
East-CENTCOM; part of EUCOM, former Russian Republics); other
countries (Code nos. 86-121)
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Author:Rueda, Leopoldo M.; Pecor, James E.; Wolkoff, Matthew; Pecor, David; Benyamin, Sarah; Bousses, Phili
Publication:U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:60AFR
Date:Jan 1, 2017
Words:11966
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