Printer Friendly

New proposals on Portuguese vegetation (II).

INTRODUCTION

Continuing the studies developed by the University of Evora Geobotanical Group, several plant communities of high originality are presented. Thus, as a corollary, we present four new herbaceous perennials associations that integrate the dynamics of cork oak, holm oaks and oaks, distributed in central and southern Portugal. In methodological terms, the plant material was identified using preferably Castroviejo & al. (1986-2005), Couthnho (1939), Franco (1971, 1984), Franco & Afonso (1994, 1999), Sampaio (1988), Tutin et al. (1964-1980), Valdes et al. (1987) and specifically for Celtica Vazquez & Barkworth (2004). In terms phytosociological nomenclature the method developed by Braun-Blanquet (1965) and Gehu & Rivas-Martinez (1981) was followed.

PHYTOSOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

Serratulo flavescentis-Celticetum giganteae C. Pinto-Gomes & R. Paiva-Ferreira ass. nova hoc loco (Table 1, holotypus rel. 4).

Diagnosis. Cespititious oceanic thermomediterranean dry to subhumid perennial grasslands, over deep limy substrata (typical of dolomitic "terra rossa" soils more or less profound), exclusive of the Algarvian sector. In the list of flora, some Portuguese endemic characteristic species of these southern territories can be noted, such as Serratula flavescens, as well as the presence of several Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea castellanae taxa (Arrhenatherum album, Dactylis hispanica, Bupleurum rigidum subsp. paniculatum and Thapsia villosa). This association is geovicariant of Avenulo occidentalis-Celticetum giganteae R. Paiva-Ferreira in Pinto-Gomes, Paiva-Ferreira & Meireles 2007 (this last one exclusive to the Ribatagan-Sadensean and Dividing Portuguese sectors).

Serial considerations. Lategraminetum of Querco alpestris-broteroi S. and Rhamno oleioidis-Querco rotundifoliae S. This association is frequently in mosaic with sclerophytic brushwoods: Asparago albi-Rhamnion oleoidis Rivas Goday ex Rivas-Martinez 1975, Siderito lusitanicae-Genistetum algarbiensis Pinto-Gomes & Paiva-Ferreira 2005 and Galio concatenatiBrachypodietum phoenicoidis Pinto-Gomes & Paiva-Ferreira 2005.

Armerio macrophyllae-Celticetum giganteae R. Paiva-Ferreira, C. Pinto-Gomes & R. Pinto ass. nova hoc loco (Table 2, holotypus rel. 4).

Diagnosis. Cespititious oceanic thermomediterranean perennial grasslands, dry to subhumid, typical of pliopleistocene sandy soils more or less profound, exclusive of the Algarvean sector. In the list of flora, some Portuguese endemic characteristic species of these southern territories can be noted, such as Armeria macrophylla, as well as the presence of several Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea castellanae taxa (Arrhenatherum album, Dactylis hispanica subsp. lusitanica, Asphodelus aestivus, Thapsia villosa, Margotia gummifera and Scilla odorata).

Seral considerations. Lategraminetum of Oleo sylvestris-Querco suberis S. This association is frequently found in contact with sclerophytic brushwoods of Coremation albi Rothmaler 1943, Ericion umbellatae Br.-Bl., P.Silva, Rozeira & Fontes 1952, Stauracanthion boivinii (Rivas-Martinez 1979) Rivas-Martinez, Fernandez-Gonzalez & Loidi 1999 and Pistacio lentisci-Rhamnetalia alaterni Rivas-Martinez 1975 formations.

Centaureo rothmaleranae-Celticetum giganteae C. Meireles & C. Pinto-Gomes ass. nova hoc loco (Table 3, holotypus rel. 6).

Diagnosis. Siliceous perennial grasslands dominated by Celtica gigantea, typical of deep soils with an organic horizon well defined, exclusive of estrelensean supramediterranean territories and surrounding areas with submediterranean influence. It's an association with some similarity to Arrhenatheruo baetici-Stipetum giganteae Rivas-Martinez, Fernandez-Gonzalez & SanchezMata 1986, described for supramediterranean Carpetanean-leonesean territories, differing significantly from the ecological and floristic points of view. One of the most important differences is the absence of Arrhenatherum elatius subsp. baeticum, Thymus bracteatus and Armeria arenaria subsp. segoviensis, the last two endemics from Spanish territories. On the other hand, Centaureo rothmaleranae-Celticetum giganteae has plants like Arrhenatherum elatius subsp. carpetanum, Agrostis x fouilladei and Centaurea rothmalerana, this last one endemic from Serra da Estrela.

Serial considerations. Lategraminetum of Holco mollis-Quercetum pyrenaicae S. This association is frequently found in contact with several communities like Cytiso striati-Genistetum polygaliphyllae Rivas-Martinez 1981 or Phalacrocarpo oppositifolii-Festucetum elegantis Rivas-Martinez, TE. Diaz, F. Prieto, Loidi & Penas in E. Puente 1988.

Centaureo coutinhoi-Dactyletum lusitanici C. Meireles & C. Pinto-Gomes ass. nova hoc loco (Table 4, holotypus rel. 6).

Diagnosis. Mesomediterranean siliceous perennial grassland, typical of deep and well structured substrata (but not hydromorfic), that occurs in the meridional Carpetanean and septentrional Luso-extremadurensean territories, always in strong thermophilic and mediterranean influenced areas. It is a low dense formation, dominated by Dactylis hispanica subsp. lusitanica and Centaurea coutinhoi. Can be distinguished from SedoAgrostietum castellanae by the presence and dominance of Dactylis hispanica subsp. lusitanica, and termophilic taxa like Centaurea coutinhoi and Pimpinella villosa, among others. Although this new association has Agrostis castellana, it is very different from Gaudinio fragilis-Agrostietum castellanae since it does not live in places with hydromorphism, even temporarily.

Serial considerations. Subserial grassland of Arisaro-Querco pyrenaicae and Arbuto unedonisQuerco pyrenaicae forests. In dry to subhumid territories is included in Sanguisorbo hybridaeQuerco suberis S. and Pyro bourgaeanae-Querco rotundifoliae S. This association is frequently found in contact with Cytiso multiflori-Sarothamnetum eriocarpi Rivas Goday 1964, Polygalo microphyllae-Cistetum populifolii Rivas Goday 1964, Melico magnolii-Celticetum giganteae Rivas-Martinez ex Peinado & Martinez-Parras 1985, Gaudinio fragilis-Agrostietum castellanae Rivas-Martinez & Belmonte 1986, Triseto ovati-Agrostietum truncatulae Rivas Goday 1958, Pterosparto lasianthi-Ericetum aragonensis Rothmaler 1954 em. Rivas-Martinez 1979 and Festuco amplae-Cynosuretum cristati Rivas-Martinez ex Fuente 1986.

CONCLUDING REMARKS

Four new associations are proposed as a contribution to the knowledge of Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea castellanae grasslands. All of them are rich in endemic plants and integrate the 6220 pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea (Annex I, Directive 92/43/EEC) priority habitat.
SYNTAXONOMICAL SCHEME

STIPO GIGANTEAE-AGROSTIETEA CASTELLANAE Rivas-Martinez,
Fernandez-Gonzalez & Loidi 1999.
  Agrostietalia castellanae Rivas Goday in Rivas-Martinez, Costa,
  Castroviejo & E. Valdes 1980
    Agrostio castellanae-Stipion giganteae Rivas Goday ex
    Rivas-Martinez & Fernandez-Gonzalez 1991
      Serratulo flavescentis-Celticetum giganteae C. Pinto-Gomes & R.
      Paiva-Ferreira ass. nova
      Armerio macrophyllae-Celticetum giganteae R. Paiva-Ferreira, C.
        Pinto-Gomes & R. Pinto ass. nova
      Centaureo coutinhoi-Dactyletum lusitanici C. Meireles & C.
        Pinto-Gomes ass. nova
    Festucion merinoi Rivas-Martinez & Sanchez-Mata in Rivas-Martinez,
      Sanchez-Mata & Fernandez-Gonzalez
      1986 corr. Rivas-Martinez & Sanchez-Mata 2002
        Centaureo rothmaleranae-Celticetum giganteae C. Meireles & C.
         Pinto-Gomes ass. nova


doi: 10.5209/rev_LAZA.2010.v31.3

Recibido: 4 noviembre 2009 Aceptado: 11 enero 2010

REFERENCES

Braun-Blanquet, J.--1965--Plant Sociology: the study of plant communities--Hafner, Londres, 439 p.

Castroviejo, S. & als. (Eds.)--1986-2005--Flora Iberica: Plantas Vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares, vols. 1-7, 9, 10, 14, 21--Real Jardin Botanico, CSIC., Madrid.

Coutinho, A.X.--1939--Flora de Portugal (Plantas Vasculares), 2a ed.--Ed. Bertrand, Lisboa. 933 pp.

Franco J.A.--1971-1984--Nova Flora de Portugal, vols. I & II--Sociedade Astoria, Lda., Lisboa.

Franco J.A. & Afonso M.L.R.--1994-1998--Nova Flora de Portugal, vol. III, Fasc. I. & II--Escolar Editora, Lisboa.

Gehu, JM. & Rivas-Matrnez, S.--1981--Notions Fondamentales de Phytossociologie in Syntaxonomie--J.Cramer, Vaduz, p.6-13.

Sampaio, G.--1986--Flora Portuguesa (3a ed.)--Ed. Imprensa Portuguesa, Porto.

Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, NA., Moore D. M., Valentina, D.H., Walters, SM. & Webb, DA. (Eds.)--1964-1980--Flora Europaea, vols. I-IV - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Valdes, B., Talavera, S. & Fernandez-Galiano, E.--1987--Flora vascular de Andalusia Occidental, vols. 1-3--Ketres Editora S. A., Barcelona.

Vazquez, F. M. & Barkworth, M.E.--2004--Resurrection and Emendation of Macrochloa (Gramineae: Stipeae)--Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 144 (4): 483-495.

Carlos Pinto-Gomes, Rodrigo Paiva-Ferreira & Catarina Meireles (*)

* Departament of Paisagem, Ambiente e Ordenamento (DPAO/ICAAM). University of Evora. Rua Romao Ramalho 59. 7002-671 Evora. Portugal. E-mail: cpgomes@uevora.pt.
Table 1
Serratulo flavescentis-Celticetum giganteae C. Pinto-Gomes & R.
Paiva-Ferreira ass. nova hoc loco (Agrostio castellanae-Stipion
giganteae, Agrostietalia castellanae, Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea
castellanae)

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                      20     18     34     25
Area (sq.m)                             100    100    100    100
Cover (%)                                80     80     70     70
Exposure                                 -      -      S      S
Slope (o)                                -      -      4      2
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5    1,5    1,5    1,5
Number of taxa                           24     23     19     19
Number                                   1      2      3      4

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         4      4      3      4
Bupleurum rigidum subsp. paniculatum     2      2      1      2
Arrhenatherum album                      1      +      +      2
Serratula flavescens                     1      1      +      1
Dactylis hispanica                       2      2      1      1
Thapsia villosa                          .      1      1      1
Asphodelus aestivus                      .      .      .      1
Other taxa
Carex halleriana                         +      +      1      +
Chamaerops humilis                       +      +      1      +
Phlomis lycnhitis                        +      +      1      +
Gladiolus illyricus                      +      +      .      1
Brachypodium phoenicoides                +      1      .      1
Eryngium dilatatum                       1      1      .      +
Allium roseum                            .      .      +      +
Phlomis purpurea                         +      +      1      .
Sanguisorba minor subsp. spachiana       +      1      .      .
Melica minuta                            1      1      .      .
Galium concatenatum                      +      .      +      .
Genista algarbiensis                     +      .      +      .
Urginea maritima                         +      .      +      .
Asperula hirsuta                         1      .      .      +
Rhamnus oleoides                         +      .      .      +
Clematis flammula                        +      .      .      +
Teucrium pseudochamaepitys               +      .      .      +
Salvia sclareoides                       .      +      +      .

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                      21     29
Area (sq.m)                             100    100
Cover (%)                                70     70
Exposure                                 S      S
Slope (o)                                2      2
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5    1,5
Number of taxa                           15     16
Number                                   5      6      7

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         3      3      V
Bupleurum rigidum subsp. paniculatum     1      +      V
Arrhenatherum album                      2      +      V
Serratula flavescens                     2      2      V
Dactylis hispanica                       .      +      V
Thapsia villosa                          +      2      IV
Asphodelus aestivus                      +      +      II
Other taxa
Carex halleriana                         +      1      V
Chamaerops humilis                       +      1      V
Phlomis lycnhitis                        +      +      V
Gladiolus illyricus                      +      1      IV
Brachypodium phoenicoides                +      2      IV
Eryngium dilatatum                       .      2     III
Allium roseum                            +      +     III
Phlomis purpurea                         .      .      II
Sanguisorba minor subsp. spachiana       .      .      II
Melica minuta                            .      .      II
Galium concatenatum                      .      .      II
Genista algarbiensis                     .      .      II
Urginea maritima                         .      .      II
Asperula hirsuta                         .      +      II
Rhamnus oleoides                         .      +      II
Clematis flammula                        .      .      II
Teucrium pseudochamaepitys               .      .      II
Salvia sclareoides                       .      .      II

Other taxa: Macrochloa tenacissima + in 1 and 5; Aristolochia
baetica and Carlina corymbosa + in 1; Ulex argenteus, Phillyrea
angustifolia, Arbutus unedo, Cistus monspeliensis and Ceratonia
siliqua +, Centaurium erythraea and Iris xiphium 1 in 2; Plantago
lanceolata, Ornithogalum narbonense, Atractylis gummifera and
Asphodelus ramosus + in 3; Scilla peruviana + in 4.

Localities: 1: Cerro da Cabeca; 2: Tavira; 3: Loule; 4: Between
Faro and Olhao (near Via do Infante), holotypus ass.; 5: near Fonte
Benemola; 6: Salir; 7: synthetic releve.

Table 2
Armerio macrophyllae-Celticetum giganteae R. Paiva-Ferreira, C.
Pinto-Gomes & R. Pinto ass. nova hoc loco (Agrostio castellanae-Stipion
giganteae, Agrostietalia castellanae, Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea
castellanae)

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                      20     20     10     10
Area (sq.m)                              50     50    100    150
Cover (%)                                80     65     70     90
Orientation                              -      -      -      -
Slope (o)                                0      0      0      0
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5    1,5    1,5    1,5
Number of taxa                           16     15     18     25
Number                                   1      2      3      4

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         4      4      4      5
Armeria macrophylla                      2      2      2      2
Asphodelus aestivus                      1      2      +      1
Thapsia villosa                          1      1      1      1
Scilla odorata                           1      2      1      1
Arrhenatherum album                      .      +      1      2
Margotia gummifera                       1      .      .      .
Serratula monardii                       .      .      .      .
Other taxa
Cytisus grandiflorus subsp. cabezudoi    +      +      .      +
Chamaerops humilis                       +      +      +      .
Cistus libanotis                         +      .      .      +
Lavandula sampaioana subsp lusitanica    +      .      .      +
Halimium calycinum                       +      .      +      +
Iris xiphium                             .      .      1      1
Thymus albicans                          +      +      .      .
Stauracanthus genistoides                +      +      .      .
Halimium halimifolium                    .      .      +      +
Urginea maritima                         .      .      +      +
Asparagus aphyllus                       .      +      .      .
Thymus lotocephalus                      .      +      .      1
Ulex argenteus subsp. subsericeus        .      .      +      1
Iberis ciliata subsp. welwitschii        +      .      .      .
Dianthus broteri subsp. hinoxianus       .      1      .      .
Gladiolus illyricus                      .      .      .      .
Aristolochia baetica                     .      .      +      +
Pycnocomon rutifolium                    .      .      +      +
Ulex australis subsp. welwitschianus     .      .      .      .
Dittrichia viscosa subsp. revoluta       .      .      .      +
Centaurea aspera subsp. stenophylla      1      .      .      .
Corynephorus canescens var. maritimus    +      .      .      .
Malcolmia lacera subsp. gracilima        .      +      .      .
Tuberaria major                          .      .      .      .
Arisarum vulgare                         .      .      .      +
Euphorbia baetica                        .      .      .      1
Rhamnus oleoides                         .      .      .      +
Scilla monophyllus                       .      .      .      .

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                      10     15     10
Area (sq.m)                              60    200    100
Cover (%)                                70     80     70
Orientation                              -      -      -
Slope (o)                                0      0      0
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5     2     1,5
Number of taxa                           19     27     25
Number                                   5      6      7      8

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         4      4      4      V
Armeria macrophylla                      2      1      2      V
Asphodelus aestivus                      2      3      2      V
Thapsia villosa                          2      1      2      V
Scilla odorata                           .      1      +      V
Arrhenatherum album                      2      2      +      V
Margotia gummifera                       +      1      2     III
Serratula monardii                       .      .      1      I
Other taxa
Cytisus grandiflorus subsp. cabezudoi    +      +      +      V
Chamaerops humilis                       .      +      +      IV
Cistus libanotis                         +      +      +      IV
Lavandula sampaioana subsp lusitanica    +      +      +      IV
Halimium calycinum                       .      1      +      IV
Iris xiphium                             1      1      1      IV
Thymus albicans                          +      +      .     III
Stauracanthus genistoides                .      +      +     III
Halimium halimifolium                    +      +      .     III
Urginea maritima                         .      1      +     III
Asparagus aphyllus                       .      +      +     III
Thymus lotocephalus                      .      .      2     III
Ulex argenteus subsp. subsericeus        +      .      .     III
Iberis ciliata subsp. welwitschii        .      +      .      II
Dianthus broteri subsp. hinoxianus       .      2      .      II
Gladiolus illyricus                      1      .      +      II
Aristolochia baetica                     .      .      .      II
Pycnocomon rutifolium                    .      .      .      II
Ulex australis subsp. welwitschianus     .      +      +      II
Dittrichia viscosa subsp. revoluta       .      +      .      II
Centaurea aspera subsp. stenophylla      +      .      .      II
Corynephorus canescens var. maritimus    .      .      +      II
Malcolmia lacera subsp. gracilima        .      +      .      II
Tuberaria major                          1      .      +      II
Arisarum vulgare                         .      .      .      II
Euphorbia baetica                        +      .      .      II
Rhamnus oleoides                         .      +      .      II
Scilla monophyllus                       .      +      +      II

Other taxa: Aetheorhiza bulbosa and Rubia peregrina subsp. Longifolia
+ in 3; Carlina corymbosa, Corrigiola litoralis and Orobanche gracilis
+ in 4; Ruta chalepensis + in 5; Pulicaria odora + in 6; Hyparrhenia
hirta subsp.pubescens + in 7.
Localities: 1: Acoteias (Albufeira); 2: Pinhal de Belmonte (Olhao); 3:
Quinta de Marim (Olhao); 4: Parque Natural da Ria Formosa Burreau
(Olhao), holotypus ass.; 5: Ludo (Faro); 6: Pontal (Faro); 7: Gambelas
(Faro); 8: synthetic releve.

Table 3
Centaureo rothmaleranae-Celticetum giganteae C. Meireles & C.
Pinto-Gomes ass. nova hoc loco (Festucion merinoi, Agrostietalia
castellanae, Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea castellanae)

Altitude (1=10 m.)                      110    137    118     95
Area (sq.m)                             400    300    300    150
Cover (%)                                95     90     95     85
Orientation                              O      S      E      O
Slope (o)                                25     18     20     30
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5    1,5    1,5    1,5
Number of taxa                           19     19     14     19
Number                                   1      2      3      4

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         4      4      5      4
Centaurea rothmalerana                   2      1      1      1
Agrostis x fouilladei                    2      1      2      1
Arrhenatherum carpetanum                 2      1      1      2
Rumex acetosella subsp. angiocarpus      .      .      +      1
Festuca elegans subsp. merinoi           .      2      .      .
Sanguisorba verrucosa                    .      .      .      +
Armeria beirana                          +      .      .      1
Malva tournefortiana                     .      .      .      .
Avenula sulcata                          .      +      .      .
Dactylis glomerata subsp. lusitanica     .      .      .      .
Other taxa
Hypericum linarifolium                   1      .      +      +
Agrostis truncatula                      1      +      1      +
Sesamoides suffruticosa                  1      .      +      +
Hypochoeris radicata                     +      .      .      +
Jasione sessiliflora                     1      +      .      .
Deschampsia flexuosa subsp. iberica      +      1      .      +
Halimium alyssoides                      .      1      .      .
Lotus corniculatus subsp. carpetanus     +      +      .      .
Allium sphaerocephalon                   +      +      .      .
Erica australis subsp. aragonensis       .      1      +      2
Digitalis purpurea subsp. carpetana      .      .      +      +
Jasione montana                          .      .      1      +
Viola langeana                           .      +      +      .
Coincya monensis subsp. orophila         +      .      .      .
Arenaria montana                         .      +      .      .
Cytisus multiflorus                      .      .      .      2
Clinopodium vulgare                      +      .      .      +
Dianthus lusitanicus                     .      +      .      +
Corynephorus canescens var. montana      .      +      .      .
Genista florida subsp. polygaliphylla    .      .      +      .
Poa bulbosa                              +      .      .      .
Phalacrocarpon oppositifolium            .      +      +      .

Altitude (1=10 m.)                      120    104
Area (sq.m)                             100    400
Cover (%)                                90     95
Orientation                              E      E
Slope (o)                                30     20
Vegetation height (m)                   1,5    1,5
Number of taxa                           20     26
Number                                   5      6      7

Characteristic taxa
Celtica gigantea                         4      4      V
Centaurea rothmalerana                   1      2      V
Agrostis x fouilladei                    .      2      V
Arrhenatherum carpetanum                 .      2      V
Rumex acetosella subsp. angiocarpus      .      1     III
Festuca elegans subsp. merinoi           2      .      II
Sanguisorba verrucosa                    +      .      II
Armeria beirana                          .      .      II
Malva tournefortiana                     +      .      I
Avenula sulcata                          .      .      I
Dactylis glomerata subsp. lusitanica     .      +      I
Other taxa
Hypericum linarifolium                   1      +      V
Agrostis truncatula                      .      2      V
Sesamoides suffruticosa                  .      1      V
Hypochoeris radicata                     +      1      IV
Jasione sessiliflora                     +      1      IV
Deschampsia flexuosa subsp. iberica      .      +      IV
Halimium alyssoides                      2      +     III
Lotus corniculatus subsp. carpetanus     +      .     III
Allium sphaerocephalon                   .      +     III
Erica australis subsp. aragonensis       .      .     III
Digitalis purpurea subsp. carpetana      .      1     III
Jasione montana                          .      +     III
Viola langeana                           .      +     III
Coincya monensis subsp. orophila         +      .      II
Arenaria montana                         2      .      II
Cytisus multiflorus                      1      .      II
Clinopodium vulgare                      .      .      II
Dianthus lusitanicus                     .      .      II
Corynephorus canescens var. montana      .      +      II
Genista florida subsp. polygaliphylla    .      +      II
Poa bulbosa                              .      +      II
Phalacrocarpon oppositifolium            .      .      II

Other taxa: Festuca summilusitana 1, Digitalis thapsi and Silene
nutans + in 1; Luzula lactea + in 2; Lactuca serriola + in 4; Erica
arborea 1, Anarrhinum bellidifolium, Cytisus striatus, Lactuca
viminea, Linaria saxatilis, Quercus pyrenaica and Sedum hirsutum +
in 5; Pteridium aquilinum 1, Carduus carpetanus, Festuca ampla,
Holcus gayanus, Silene latifolia and Teucrium salviastrum + in 6.

Localities: 1: Albercaes; 2: Albergaria; 3: Vale Mourisco; 4:
Manteigas: S. Pedro, near Lameiras; 5: Manteigas: near
Carvalheira; 6: Albercaes, holotypus ass.; 7: synthetic releve.

Table 4
Centaureo coutinhoi- Dactyletum lusitanici C. Meireles & C. Pinto-Gomes
ass. nova hoc loco (Agrostion castellanae, Agrostietalia castellanae,
Stipo giganteae-Agrostietea castellanae)

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                    530    630    550    540
Area (sq.m)                             25     2      15     16
Cover (%)                               90     80     85     90
Orientation                             S      SE     SO     S
Slope (o)                               25     0      5      8
Vegetation height (m)                   30     30     30     30
Number of taxa                          17     12     19     18
Number                                  1      2      3      4

Characteristic taxa
Dactylis hispanica subsp. lusitanica    5      2      4      5
Centaurea coutinhoi                     2      4      2      2
Agrostis x fouilladei                   1      2      2      1
Malva tournefortiana                    .      1      1      .
Agrostis castellana                     .      .      1      1
Sanguisorba verrucosa                   .      .      2      +
Euphorbia oxyphylla                     .      .      +      +
Thapsia minor                           .      .      .      +
Thapsia villosa                         .      .      .      .
Centaurea ornata                        .      .      .      .
Asphodelus aestivus                     .      .      .      .
Rumex acetosella subsp. angiocarpus     .      1      .      .
Other taxa
Daucus carota                           1      .      +      2
Lactuca viminea                         +      .      +      +
Hypochoeris radicata                    +      +      +      .
Cistus ladanifer                        +      1      .      .
Lotus corniculatus subsp. carpetanus    .      .      1      1
Cytisus multiflorus                     1      .      .      .
Pimpinella villosa                      +      .      .      2
Lavandula sampaioana                    .      .      .      1
Anarrhinum bellidifolium                .      +      .      .
Lithodora prostrata                     .      .      +      +
Hypericum perforatum                    +      .      +      .
Melica ciliata subsp. magnolii          1      .      .      +
Plantago lanceolata                     +      2      .      .
Helichrysum stoechas                    .      .      .      1
Pteridium aquilinum                     .      .      +      2

Altitude (m.a.s.l.)                    650    280
Area (sq.m)                             20     20
Cover (%)                               98     80
Orientation                             N      SE
Slope (o)                               20     20
Vegetation height (m)                   30     30
Number of taxa                          15     20
Number                                  5      6      7

Characteristic taxa
Dactylis hispanica subsp. lusitanica    4      4      V
Centaurea coutinhoi                     .      2      V
Agrostis x fouilladei                   3      .      V
Malva tournefortiana                    .      1     III
Agrostis castellana                     .      1     III
Sanguisorba verrucosa                   .      2     III
Euphorbia oxyphylla                     +      .     III
Thapsia minor                           1      +      II
Thapsia villosa                         .      +      I
Centaurea ornata                        .      1      I
Asphodelus aestivus                     .      1      I
Rumex acetosella subsp. angiocarpus     .      .      I
Other taxa
Daucus carota                           +      +      V
Lactuca viminea                         +      +      V
Hypochoeris radicata                    +      +      V
Cistus ladanifer                        1      +      IV
Lotus corniculatus subsp. carpetanus    2      .      IV
Cytisus multiflorus                     +      +     III
Pimpinella villosa                      .      +     III
Lavandula sampaioana                    1      +     III
Anarrhinum bellidifolium                +      +     III
Lithodora prostrata                     +      .     III
Hypericum perforatum                    .      +     III
Melica ciliata subsp. magnolii          .      .      II
Plantago lanceolata                     .      .      II
Helichrysum stoechas                    1      .      II
Pteridium aquilinum                     .      .      II

Other taxa: Quercus rotundifoliae + in 4 and 6; Armeria beirana,
Crataegus monogyna and Lactuca virosa 1, Lepidium heterophyllum and
Rumex induratus + in 1; Cistus inflatus and Rumex acetosa 1,
Arrhenatherum elatius subsp. bulbosum + in 2; Quercus pyrenaica 1,
Aristolochia paucinervis, Clinopodium vulgare, Daphne gnidium and
Fraxinus angustifolia + in 3; Lonicera periclymenum subsp. hispanica
+ in 4; Hypericum linarifolium + in 5; Quercus suber and Allium
sphaerocephalon + in 6.

Localities: 1: Guarda: Valhelhas, S. Miguel; 2: Manteigas: Sameiro,
near the village; 3: Manteigas: Vale de Amoreira, near Quinta do
Cabecinho; 4: Guarda: Valhelhas, Serra Rachada; 5: Manteigas: Vale de
Amoreira, near the village; 6: Idanha-a-Nova, Proenca-a-Velha,
Malhadas Velhas, holotypus ass.; 7: synthetic releve.
COPYRIGHT 2010 Universidad Complutense de Madrid
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2010 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Pinto-Gomes, Carlos; Paiva-Ferreira, Rodrigo; Meireles, Catarina
Publication:Lazaroa
Date:Jan 1, 2010
Words:2887
Previous Article:Vegetacion arborea y arbustiva de la cuenca del Rio Tinto (Huelva, Espana).
Next Article:Phytosociological remarks on residual woodlands of Laurus nobilis in Sicily.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2020 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters