New human species identified from Philippines.
Filipino archeologist Armand Salvador Mijares shows a femur bone, one of those they recovered from Callao Cave belonging to a new specie they called Homo luzonensis, during a press conference in metropolitan Manila, Philippines. Image Credit: AP
Sydney: Australian researchers have identified a new species of human from remains found in a cave in the Northern Philippines.
Professor Rainer Grun, Director of Griffith's Australian Research Centre for Human Evolution, used uranium series analysis to date the teeth and bones of three small hominid individuals, a child and two adults, found in Callao Cave on Luzon Island, the Xinhua news agency reported.
The 50,000-year-old remains belong to a now extinct species of human which the team have named Homo luzonensis.
Three-dimensional imaging methods and geometric morphometrics analyses show Homo luzonensis as having some attributes similar to modern humans, as well as some more suited to our distant cousins, Australopithecus.
The discovery is the oldest of human remains in the Philippines and contributes to a changing picture of how and when Homo sapiens came to dominate the planet.
"There have been a lot of finds in this area that were not meant to be there," Grun said.
Recent discoveries of other human species like Homo floresiensis, also in the Philippines and Homo naledi in South Africa shows these groups existed much more recently than was thought.
A handout image made available by Florent Detroit and taken on March 15, 2019 compares the fossil teeth of the newly discovered species Homo Luzonesis and that of Home Erectus and the Homo Sapiens unearthed during the excavation in the Callao Cave in the north of Luzon Island, in northern Philippines, where an international multidisciplinary team discovered a new hominin species, Homo Luzonensis. Image Credit: AFP
"The idea that at the time there were modern humans and Homo erectus in the area but no other species no longer holds up," Grun said.
"We now know that there are actually a number of different human species that were existing alongside each other," he added.
According to the team, the study underlines the major role played by Island Southeast Asia in the evolutionary history of hominins.
A handout image made available by Florent Detroit and taken on August 9, 2011 shows a view of the excavation in the Callao Cave in the north of Luzon Island, in the Philippines, where an international multidisciplinary team discovered a new hominin species, Homo Luzonensis. Image Credit: AFP Bones recovered from Callao Cave belonging to a new specie scientists called Homo luzonensis are presented to reporters in metropolitan Manila, Philippines. Image Credit: AP University of the Philippines (UP) Associate Professor Armand Salvador arranges fossils and teeth of a discovered new human species, the Homo luzonensis, at a press conference at the UP College of Science Auditorium in Manila. Image Credit: AFP Fossil bones and teeth belonging to a new specie scientists called Homo luzonensis are presented to reporters in metropolitan Manila, Philippines. Image Credit: AP View gallery as list
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|Publication:||Gulf News (United Arab Emirates)|
|Date:||Apr 11, 2019|
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