New FT-IR capabilities at campden BRI.
Recent developments in techniques under the broad umbrella of chemical analysis have allowed the investigation and solving of problems that were previously difficult to understand. One technique in which Campden BRI has made significant investment is Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, exemplified by the acquisition of an Agilent 670 FT-IR Spectrometer and an Agilent 620 FT-IR microscope, fitted with a state of the art Focal Plane Array Detector. Microscopist Mike Edwards explained: "FT-IR enables us to confirm the identity of many materials. It is based on die interaction of infrared light with chemical bonds in the material being studied, such as C-O, C-Hor C-N. Individual spectra provide a 'fingerprint' of" individual molecules, which can be used in the identification of incoming raw materials, determination of contamination, including deliberate adulteration (eg palm oil addition to virgin olive oil), and quality issues (such as sugar/acid ratio in tomatoes), as well as to identify the chemical composition of foreign bodies.
Infra-red spectroscopy has been an important analytical tool for many years, but recent advances have increased its usefulness. Application of Fourier Transform techniques to the results has lowered the detection limit from the microgram to the nanogram range and from the ppm to ppb level.
FT-IR microscopy can be used to study the chemical composition of very small samples (micro-sized). However, its most valuable application is in the chemical mapping of a sample of varying composition, such as a wheat grain or plastic laminate, so that the chemical identity of particular components can be determined. Most FT-IR microscopes use either a single detector, where a matrix of individual measurements is slowly developed in order to build up a chemical map. Others use a linear array detector in which a row of single detector elements is moved slowly across a sample to build up the map line by line. However, the Agilent 620 has a Focal Plane-Array Detector with up to 128 x 128 individual elements, allowing a two-dimensional chemical map to be acquired very quickly. FT-IR microscopes equipped with a Focal Plane Array Detector are very rare. As well as dramatically speeding up data acquisition, this enables studies to be carried out on samples which would deteriorate over the time taken to acquire data using slower technologies."
Contact Campden on tel 01386 842017 or visit www.campdenbri.co.uk