Printer Friendly

Neurotoxins found in seafood.

Cyanobacteria produce a neurotoxin thought to be the cause of a neurodegenerative disorder in Guam. This cyanobacteria may also be producing neurotoxins in the Baltic Sea, among other places.

In the late 1940's to early 1950's, an illness similar to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) occurred in the Chamorro people in Guam. Researchers thought that a neurotoxin produced by bacteria in some plants was consumed by a high amount of the Chamorro people causing this illness. Scientists used a new way of analyzing this neurotoxin, called [beta]-methylamino-1-alanine (BMAA) by isolating and measuring levels of surface blooms occurring in the Baltic Sea. They also found that some BMAA accumulates in bottom-dwelling fish as well as in mussels and oysters cultivated on the coast of Sweden.

(Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 2010; 107120] :9252-9257.)

COPYRIGHT 2010 Vegetus Publications
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2010 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Nutrition Health Review
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 22, 2010
Words:136
Previous Article:Some people do not taste salt.
Next Article:Pesticides and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Topics:

Terms of use | Copyright © 2018 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters