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Negara Brunei Darussalam: obituary 2015.

Introduction

From a Burnei perspective, the principal departure during the year was unquestionably that of Lee Kuan Yew (1923-2015), the former Prime Minister of Singapore, a "tested ally" of Brunei (later Negara Brunei Darussalam), and a close personal friend of the royal family there. A major statesman on the world stage, he was universally admired and respected for his intelligence and achievements, particularly the transformation of the city-state into a first-world nation.

Within the sultanate itself, attention might be drawn to the deaths of YD Pehin Penyurat Haji Ahmad; Dato Abdul Gani bin Sheikh Abdullah; Haji Bujang bin Haji Masu'ut; Dato Mohd Hashim bin Haji Tahir and his spouse, Datin Hajah Masni binti Haji Abdul Jalil; and Datu Panglima Md Noor bin Zakaria. Several other persons are recorded because of their important connections (for example, Awang Abdul Halim; Hajah Hasnah binti Datu Hulubalang Haji Abdul Wahab; Haji Jeludin bin Ahmad; Hajah Siti Normala binti Haji Mohd Daud; Datin Dayang Puan binti Awang Hussin; and Roslan bin Mamudin).

Among military officers, pride of place might be given here to Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Burrows, who commanded the Royal Brunei Malay Regiment between 1966 and 1969. There was also a large crop of officers who featured during the Confrontation era (Bagshaw, Baldwin, Black, Burgess, Chester, Davie, Delme-Murray, Eberhardie, McAlister).

A notable "stayer-on" who died during the year was Dr. Peter Hart, a nonagenarian medical specialist, who converted to Islam as "Idris bin Abdullah." The world of scholarship lost several giants, notably Dr. Cheah Boon Kheng, Datin Dr. Barbara Harrisson, Datin Dr. Hajah Sa'adiah binti DDW Haji Tamit, and Dr. K.G.P. Tregonning MBE.

Mrs. Stella Litherland was an educationalist. Widows include Mrs. Ann Clapham, Mrs. Judith Davis, and the Dowager Baroness Killeam. Notices are also given here of some people who died before 2015, viz. Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah (d. 2014) and his son, Raja Ashman (d. 2012), both of Perak. A few persons date back during the colonial era: Russell Gwilliam (d. 2014), Stanley "Tim" Hardy (d. 2013), and J.F. Storey (d. 2008).

There was also a murder victim, namely Klaas Willem Van Luik (1959-2014), an employee of Brunei Shell Petroleum, and a passenger on Flight MH17 when it was shot down over the Ukraine on 17 July 2014.

With apologies to the Editor and to readers, I have committed some errata in the Borneo Research Bulletin, as follows:

BRB 1990 (April), page 31, penultimate line: for every, read very

BRB 2007: for Jame Asr', read Jame' 'Asr

BRB 2007, p 44: for Revered, read Reverend [which is not to imply that Max

Saint might not have been "revered" as well]

BRB 2013:31, line 2: for Baron, read Barton

BRB 2014:32, note 22: for Bronte, read Bronte

BRB 2014:21, lines 10-11: for Kuala, Lumpur read Kuala Lumpur

BRB 2014:21, note 65. Delete: No data are available concerning

BRB 2014, page 139, first part of note 19, and first part of note 20: replace the bold type with ordinary type.

BRB 2014:356, paragraph 2, line 7: for he even, read even he

The 2015 obituaries now follow in alphabetical order:

ABDUL GANI bin Sheikh Abdullah, Penguasa Polis Kanan Dato Paduka [cr 2003] Sheikh Haji

Deceased in NBD nlt September 2015; cf. application for probate by Haji Salim bin Haji Momin, holder of a power of attorney, ref. LA/196/2015 in PB R.14.10.2015:29. Senior Superintendent, Royal Brunei Police Force; DPMB 2003. (1) "Sheikh Haji Ghani." Recreation: golf. (2)

ABDUL HALIM bin YD Pehin Orang Kaya Seri Setia Dato Paduka Haji Awang Mohd Yusof, Awang

Died in Negara Brunei Darussalam not later than July 2015; cf. application for probate by his adik-beradik (siblings), Awang Abdul Latif and Datin Hajah Siti Hajar, reference No LA/136/2015 in PB Sa. 1.8.2015:18. The point of interest here is that the gentleman was a son of a person of pehin rank (cf. Brown 1970:203, No 71). YD POKSS DP HA Mohd Yusof bin Mohd Tahir was a Special Tasks Inspector (Nazir Tugas-Tugas Khas) at the Ministry of Education (5 December 1991 reference). PJK, November 1989. (3) Mentioned in a 1998 reference. (4) One "Awang Mohd Yusof bin Md Tahir" was awarded the PIKB in 1970. (5) Alternative usage: "Mohd Yussof" (double "s").

Awang Abdul Halim's sister, Datin Hajar, was Special Duty Officer at the Ministry of Health as at November 2003. (6) PJK 1996. (7) Deputy President of the NBD Red Crescent Society. (8) Vice-President of PERTIWI. (9) SDO (Head of Administration and Finance Division), Department of Agriculture, NBD. (10) Already styled "Datin Hajah Siti" by late 1988. (11) Unfortunately, I have no data relating to Awang Abdul Latif; but another sibling, Abdul Mutalib bin POKSS DP Haji Mohd Yusof, was Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Communications (PB Sa.21.2.2015:1; PB R.20.5.2015:6; PB R.27.5.2015:6; PB Is.15.6.2015:23; PB Sa.3.10.2015:12; PB R.28.10.2015:5**) before being promoted Permanent Secretary (Media and Cabinet) at the Prime Minister's Office (still en poste as at PB Sa.6.2.2016:7). There is also another sister, namely Dayang Saedah binti Pehin Md Yussof.

ABDUL JALIL ISKANDAR ibni Sultan Ibrahim, Yang Amat Mulia Tunku (1990-2015)

On Sunday 6 December 2015 HRH Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah, on this occasion also Deputy Sultan, attended the funeral of Prince Abdul Jalil of Johor Darul Ta'zim as the personal representative of HM Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah. The deceased was buried at the Makam Diraja Mahmoodiah. (12)

Prince Abdul Jalil Iskandar, the fourth of six siblings, was the Tunku Laksamana of Johor. (13) Son of Sultan Ibrahim and of Permaisuri Raja Zarith Sofiah Sultan Idris, he died of liver cancer (kanser hati) at the age of twenty-five on Friday 4 December 2015 (according to the Straits Times) or 5 December (according to the Malay Mail and the Brunei Times) (14) at the Sultanah Aminah Hospital in Johor Bahru. He was also the nephew of the Tengku Puan of Pahang, namely Tunku Azizah Maimunah Iskandariah. Diagnosed with the illness late in 2014, he underwent a liver transplant in Guangdong on 10 December 2014. His illness had prompted Sultan Ibrahim to set up the Tunku Laksamana Cancer Foundation, which helps cancer patients in need of financial aid and treatment.

Born on 5 July 1990; educated at Sekolah Sri Utama at Johor Bahru and then at the Johor Education Foundation Zaikarim Johor Bahru International School; held a degree in zoological and conservation studies from an unspecified university in the United Kingdom.

The first member of the Johor royal household to serve in the police force after undergoing training for nine months, he held the rank of an inspector. The new mosque at the Johor police headquarters is named after him. He was also a volunteer keeper at the Singapore Zoo for a year and at the London Zoo for two years. (15)

ABDUL RAHMAN bin Ya'kub, Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Datuk Patinggi (Dr.) Haji (1928-2015)

Highly-decorated Malaysian politician who died "of old age" at 2130h on 9 January 2015 (16) at the Normah Medical Specialist Centre in Kuching; uncle of Tun Abdul Taib Mahmud, the current Yang Di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) of Sarawak; father of Norah, his eldest daughter, who is MP for Tanjong Manis; (17) another daughter, Khadijah married Datuk Mohd Nizam, son of Tun Abdul Razak. His funeral was held on 10 January at Jamek Mosque in Kuching attended by two thousand mourners, including Tun Abdul Taib himself, Tan Sri Adenan Satem (Chief Minister) and Tan Sri Alfred Jabu (Deputy CM). (18) He was interred at the Semariang Muslim cemetery.

Chief Minister of Sarawak, July 1970 to April 1981 (third incumbent); organised anti-Brunei rallies in the mid-1970s, (19) but visited the sultanate in April 1977 (20) and in early 1981. (21) Fourth Yang Di-Pertua Negeri of Sarawak, 1981-5 (visited Brunei/NBD several times); (22) sworn in on 2 April 1981.

Of Melanau descent, (23) he was born on 3 January 1928 at Bintulu; son of a fisherman (Tuan Wan Ya'kub bin Wan Yusuf) and Siti Hajar binti Haji Mohd Tahir; educated at Sekolah Maderasah Melayu, Kuching; University of Southampton (LLB). Called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, 1959. Attended the School of Public International Law in The Hague.

Sometime oil tester, Sarawak Shell Berhad, Miri; and temporary teacher. Probationary Native Officer, Sarawak Civil Service, 1947-8. Deputy Public Prosecutor, Sarawak Legal Department, 1959-63. State Assistant Minister of Rural Development, Sarawak, 1963-5. State Assistant Minister of Justice, 1964-5. Federal Minister of Lands and Mines, 1965-9. Federal Minister for Education, 1969-70. Elected Member of the Council Negeri, Sarawak (Payang), 1970. MP for Kuala Rajang, 1970. President of Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu, 1977-81. (24)

He will be remembered for founding Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. (25) The current Chief Minister of Sarawak, Tan Sri Adenan, said Rahman was always present at Sarawak's historic moments, from the formation of Malaysia in 1963 to the formation of the first coalition state government in 1970, and the surrender of the communists in 1973. "Whenever there was a historical and critical moment for Sarawak he was there at centre stage." (26)

Spouses: (1) Datin Patinggi Puan Sri Hajah Normah Abdullah @ Rosaline Soon Siew Joon (d. 1984), eleven children; (2) Toh Puan Siti Maemunah; (3) Toh Puan Hayati Ahmat. (27)

ABDULLAH ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, King (d. 2015)

King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, 1 August 2005 (28) to 23 January 2015 (having been the de facto ruler for the previous ten years); born "in Riyadh, probably in 1923" (according to The Independent) (29) or "on 1 August 1924" (according to The Daily Telegraph (30) and The Guardian (31)), one of many sons of King Abdul Aziz bin Saud; died on 23 January 2015; said to have had more than thirty wives, "though not all at the same time," and at least twenty daughters and fifteen sons.

Little formal education; suffered from a "speech impediment." (32) "As a young man" he was Mayor of Mecca. (33) Appointed (by Crown Prince Faisal) Head of the National Guard, 1962; became second deputy PM, 1975. Crown Prince from 1982 until August 2005. (34)

Succeeded as monarch by Crown Prince Salman, who was replaced in turn as Crown Prince by Prince Muqrin, the youngest surviving son of King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud.

Awarded the Darjah Kerabat Laila Utama by HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah at the Al-Yamamah Palace (Riyadh), 4 January 1999; the two leaders discussed Islamic and global issues. (35) On 24 January 2015 HRH Prince Abdul Mateen of NBD was in Saudi Arabia as the personal representative of HM the Sultan to express condolences to HM King Salman upon the death of his brother, the former monarch, and to congratulate him upon his own succession to the throne. (36)

Photographed: DT F.2.11.2001:14.

AGBIMUDDIN KIRAM, Raja (d 2015)

Leader of the attack on Lahad Datu by two hundred Sulu militants, the "Royal Sultanate Forces," in February 2013; died at the age of seventy four of cardiac arrest on 13 January 2015 at Simunul in Tawi-Tawi. Younger brother of Sultan Jamalul Kiram III (d. October 2013). (37) See also Esmail Kiram II.

AHMAD bin Pehin Jawatan Dalam Haji Awang Mohammad Yussof, YD Pehin Penyurat Haji Awang

Deceased in NBD nlt (38) June 2015; cf. application for probate by his widow, Dayang Hajah Rahmah binti Haji Sheikh Yahya, ref. LA/123/2015, in PBI Sa.11.7.2015:20ab. The office of Pehin Penyurat is one of the menteri-menteri. (39)

ASHMAN ibni Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah [qv], Yang Amat Mulia Raja Dato' Seri (1958-2012)

Malaysian prince, who died of asthma on 30 March 2012 at the age of fifty-three; (40) visitor to BSB, 3 October 1989; (41) granted an Audience of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, INI, same day; (42) participated in the Maulud procession, BSB, 1 October 1990; (43) further visit to NBD, September 1995. (44) Raja Kecil Bongsu of Perak. Educated like his father at the University of Nottingham; BA in Economics, 1981; Diploma in Business Law Administration, University of London, 1982; Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn, 1983; LLM, University of Cambridge, 1984. In private practice; Director, Dreamland Holdings Berhad, since 1988; Executive Director, Dreamland Holdings Berhad, since 1 March 1990. (45)

Born on 28 December 1958. (46) Survived by widow, Datin Seri Noraini Jane Kamarul Ariffin (53), one son (Datuk Raja Ahmad Nazim Azlan Shah 20), and two daughters (Raja Emina Aliyyah 18 and Raja Bainunnisa Sana 17). (47)

AVUL PAKIR JAINULABDEEN ABDUL KALAM, Dr. (1931-2015)

"Kalam Chacha" (Uncle Kalam). Born on 15 October 1931; died on Monday 27 July 2015, aged eighty-three. President of India, 2002-7; the third Muslim to hold the post. (48) On 30 July 2015 YB Pehin Suyoi Osman, Minister of Development, NBD, signed a book of condolences at the Indian High Commission in Kampung Sungai Akar. (49) Known as India's "missile man" for his role in developing the country's nuclear weapons project, he was the first scientist to hold office as India's President and was widely viewed as an apolitical figure; died in northeastern India while giving a talk in the city of Shillong. (50)

AZLAN MUHIBBUDDIN SHAH ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Ghaarullahu-lahu Shah, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Sultan (1928-2014)

HM the seventh (not ninth) Yang Di-Pertuan Agong (Paramount Ruler) of Malaysia, 1989-94; State Visit to Negara Brunei Darussalam, arriving on 28 October 1990 for four days; (51) awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by UBD on 30 October 1990. (52) Held a meeting with HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah in Tokyo at the time of the coronation of HIM Emperor Akihito, November 1990. Hosted a return State Visit to Malaysia by HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, February 1992. (53) Present in BSB during the Silver Jubilee celebrations, 5 October 1992. (54) Deputy Yang Di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, 1989-94. Sultan of Perak from 2 February 1984 until his death; three-day goodwill visit to NBD, mid-August 1988. (55) Further visit to NBD, September 1995; held a meeting with HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, INI, 2 September 1995. (56) Visitor to NBD, August 1999; called upon HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, INI, 14 August 1999. (57)

Alternative usage: "Muhibuddin."

BAGSHAW, Charles Kerry (1943-2015)

Royal Marines, 1961-74, initially as a "raw recruit" (officer training, 1964); saw action in the Radfan Campaign and at Singapore (with 40 Commando) during Konfrontasi; joined the Special Boat Section, 1967. Joined FCO, 1974; worked for SIS; first secretary, British Embassy in Moscow, 1988. Recruited by De Beers, 1999. Consultant to Rio Tinto, 2005. Ran his own consultancy, 2006-10, advising the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on all aspects of security of the diamond trade.

Born on 5 October 1943, Gloucester; died on 11 November 2015, aged seventy-two; m(1) 1965-9 Janet Bond, (2) 1970 Pamela Slater; survived by widow and their two daughters, and by one daughter of his first marriage. (58)

BALDWIN, Major General Peter Alan Charles (1927-2015)

CBE 1994. Born on 19 February 1927, Wood Green; died peacefully on 15 September 2015. Mentioned in despatches following deployment to Borneo in the final phase of "Confrontation." Married (1) 1953 Judith Mace, dissolved, no children; (2) 1982 Gail Roberts. (59) Survived by widow (Gail) and step-sons (Simon and Tim). Thanksgiving service at St James's Church, Gerrards Cross, 28 September 2015, 1430h BST. (60)

Educated at King Edward VI GS, Chelmsford; Army Training School, Arborfield, Berkshire. Commissioned into the Royal Corps of Signals; served in Germany (several times), HK, Korea, Borneo, Rome, Netherlands; Brigadier, 1974; retired from the Army, 1979. Commenced a new career as deputy director of radio for the Independent Broadcasting Authority. CEO Radio Authority, 1991-5. Retired again, 1995; but worked as consultant to Thompson Foundation. (61)

BELIZARIO, Maria Angela Chin

Deceased in NBD nlt June 2015, cf. application for probate by her mother, Lilian Chin Ting Len @ Belizario, ref. LA/133/2015 in PB Sa. 11.7.2015: 20a #1.

In January 2009 "Belcorp was charged with failure to furnish the Revenue Section, Ministry of Finance, with the relevant Return of Income and Particulars Form from 2001 to 2006. The company's director, Maria Angela Chin Belizario, pleaded guilty to all five charges and was fined B$4,000 or five months' imprisonment in default of payment." (62)

BLACK, Admiral Sir John Jeremy (1932-2015)

GBE 1991, KCB 1987, DSO 1982. Born on 17 November 1932, died on 25 November 2015. (63) Served with the Royal Navy from 1946 until the mid-1980s. Commanded HMS Fiskerton, a minesweeper based at Singapore, 1961-3;64 involved in the Limbang operation of December 1962, for which he was awarded the MBE and the Setia Negara Brunei. He was also court-martialled for discrepancies in Fiskerton's accounts; reprimanded for a minor offence, but found not guilty of the principal charges. Autobiography: There and Back (2005).

BUJANG bin Haji Masu'ut, Awang Haji (1951-2015)

Brunei Times' Group Editor-in-Chief; deceased in NBD nlt May 2015; cf. application for probate by his widow, Hajah Dayang Aming binti Haji Wash, (65) reference No. KB/ LA/39/2015 in PBI Is. 1.6.2015:17ab. He actually died in the early morning of 24 March 2015 (which gives an indication of the potential lag between death and the application for probate), at the age of sixty-four following health complications. Funeral prayers were held at his home in Kampong Sungai Bakong, Lumut, before he was laid to rest at the Kampong Sengkarai Cemetery in Tutong District; survived by his widow (as above) and five children. (66)

PIKB, November 1989; (67) PKL 2004; (68) SNB 15 July 2005, (69)

Joined the Brunei Times in 2007. Long-term resident of Seria; active in community affairs throughout his life, serving as an advisor to the Lumut Mukim Consultative Council until the time of his death. (70)

Born on 3 February 1951; began his career as an education officer at Muhammad Alam Primary School, rising to become principal of Anthony Abell College in Seria and of the Duli Pengiran Muda Al-Muhtadee Billah College in Bandar Seri Begawan. Principal, Anthony Abell College, Seria, 1986-90 (according to BBO F.4.4.2003:h 12.htm); present at the school's fiftieth anniversary celebrations, held (belatedly) in April 2003.

Education Attache at the NBD High Commission in London, 1990-3; Deputy Director of Schools (Secondary Section); Director of the Information Department for several years. (71) Assistant Director (Secondary Education), Ministry of Education, NBD. (72) Acting Director of Information, NBD, from 16 September 2002; (73) confirmed in the substantive office, backdated to 16 March 2003; (74) previously Assistant Director, Department of Schools.

Vice-President, NBD Reading and Literacy Association (as at 2000). (75)

"Awang Bujang bin Masuut": social secretary of the Brunei Students' Union in London; from Seria; taking a course in mass media and communications (as at August 1977). (76) "Awang Bujang bin Haji Mashud": Manager of NBD's U-18 footballers at the nineteenth Asian Schools International Football Championships, Beijing, 21-30 July 1990. (77)

Bespectacled: PB 5.7.2000:6.* Alternative usage: "Massut."

BURGESS, General Sir Edward Arthur "Ted" (1927-2015)

Kt 1982, OBE 1972; Lieutenant-General, 1982. Served with 49th Field Regiment RA in Borneo during the Confrontation with Indonesia. (78)

Born on 30 September 1927, the son of a police officer, at Purbrook, near Portsmouth; died on 8 May 2015; married (1954) Jean Henderson; one son, John (a judge), one daughter, Fiona (who is married to an ex-cavalry officer who runs the Edinburgh Tattoo). Educated at Sandhurst. Commissioned officer in the British Army, 1948-87. Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Europe 1984-7. President of the Royal British Legion, 1987-93. ADC General to HM the Queen, 1985-7. Colonel Commandant, RA, 1982-92. Deputy Grand President, Royal (formerly British) Commonwealth Ex-Services League, 1996-2003.

BURROWS, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Fairbridge (1923-2015)

Commander, Royal Brunei Malay Regiment, 25 July 1966 to 1 March 1969; DSLJ 1967, DSNB 1968, PHBS 1968.

British military officer, born on 21 April 1923. Commissioned, 4 October 1942. Major, 21 April 1957; Lieutenant-Colonel, 25 July 1966. Retired on 20 May 1972. AMBIM sowc sq. (79) Joined the British Army in 1941; commissioned in the 4th Prince of Wales' Own Gurkha Rifles; served with the first battalion of this regiment in Burma, the North-West Frontier of India, and in Punjab during the disturbances of 1947. At the end of 1947 he was transferred to the first battalion, 10th Princess Mary's OGR. Mentioned in dispatches twice during the Malayan Emergency. (80) Died on 23 May 2015, aged ninety-two. 4GR [1944-7] and 10GR [1948-64; served in Burma and Malaya, 1948-55 and during the Confrontation era, 1963-4 (81)]. Husband of Elizabeth, father of Leonie ("Bunny"); step-father and grandfather. (82)

CHEAH BOON KHENG, Dr. (1939-2015)

A giant of Malaysian historiography who died of cancer on Monday 27 July 2015 at the age of seventy-six. The funeral was due to be held on 30 July 2015 at the Gui Yuan Funeral Parlour in Petaling Jaya. (83) Survived by his widow (Ai Lin Kho), son (Cheah Lu Shun), daughter-in-law (Carol Tang) and a granddaughter (Esther). (84)

He edited and introduced Papers Relating to Brunei in the MBRAS Reprints series, first published in 1998 and re-issued in 2012. (85)

From a peranakan background, he was born in 1939 at Port Swettenham in the Federated Malay States. The first president of the Socialist Club at the University of Malaya during his undergraduate days in the late 1960s, (86) he took his MA there in 1974 and his Ph.D. at the Australian National University in Canberra five years later. He became Professor of History at the Universiti Sains Malaysia until his retirement in 1994. (87) He joined MBRAS in 1976, serving as Vice-President from 1991 until shortly before his death. He was also editor of JMBRAS and the associated monograph series.

He commenced his working life a journalist with the Straits Times', but, in a mid-career change, he enrolled in the ANU, where he obtained his doctorate under the supervision of Dr. Anthony Reid and Dr. David Marr. His books include The Masked Comrades (1979); Red Star Over Malaya (1983; fourth edition, 2012), a classic account of the Communist Party of Malaya's early activities; Malaysia: The Making of a Nation (2002); and To' Janggut (2006). (88) He also edited Early Modern History: The Encyclopaedia of Malaysia, Volume Seven (Singapore, 2001), in which he supplied a linking narrative via his general introduction to the volume and his prefaces to each of the seven sections.

He liked to take a bottom-up rather than top-down approach to history, as, for example, in The Peasant Robbers of Kedah 1900-1929 (1988; new edition, 2014), a study of rampant crime in rural Kedah where Robin Hood-style banditry flourished. This approach allowed the peasantry in the villages, rather than the elite in the state capital, to occupy center stage (pp. 7, 126). Many oral stories about the bandits could not be independently verified. This led Professor Cheah to the conclusion that the myths must have been "invented by the peasants to register their feelings of protest against the authorities, or against the rich and powerful" (p. 125). A lucid, concise and analytical study, fizzing with ideas, The Peasant Robbers of Kedah remains thoroughly to be recommended. (89)

Personally, Dr. Cheah is remembered as warm, generous and humble, ever willing to help others, and thoroughly dedicated to the cause which he served (Woo Kum Wah). The sort of adjectives used about him included: gracious, wise, committed, kind, respected, friendly, encouraging, selfless, helpful, and courteous. A pre-eminent historian, a role model, and even a hero, he was evidently much-liked.

He is photographed in JMBRAS 2015 (2): 140.

CHESTER, Major-General John Shane (1944-2015)

OBE MID. Born at Ipswich on 21 April 1944; died on 10 September 2015. Joined Royal Marines 1963; served in Borneo early in his career during Konfrontasi. (90) Husband of Amanda, father of Dominic and Adam. Thanksgiving service due to be held in London on 27 November 2015 forthcoming. The funeral directors were based at Winchester, which gives an indication of where the major-general was living at the time of his death. (91)

CLAPHAM, Ann

Widow of Dr John Clapham; deceased nlt Friday 26 September 2014. (92) DAVIE, Lieutenant-Colonel John (1921-2015)

Scottish soldier awarded an MC during the Malayan Emergency. "Regimental duties and staff appointments in the following ten years took him to Germany, Singapore, Brunei and North Borneo. In 1966 he moved to the Ministry of Defence [UK] as assistant military secretary and retired from the Army two years later." Born on 3 March 1921, died on 29 June 2015; survived by his widow (Coralie) and their son and daughter. (93)

DAVIS, Judith Anne Newsom (d. 2015)

Daughter of L.G. Corney; (94) widow of L.H.N. Davis CMG (1909-2003), British Resident in Brunei, January to August 1948. (95) Died on 15 May 2015, aged eighty-seven; (96) mother of Corina, Sally, and Michael; great-grandmother; (97) "service of celebration" due to be held at St James' Heyshott, West Sussex, at 1500h BST on Friday 29 May 2015. (98)

DELME-MURRAY, Lieutenant-Colonel George Philip Alexander (1921-2015)

DSO 1944, MBE 1966. Brigade major of Singapore Brigade and 4 Brigade (Borneo), 1963-5. Born on 13 July 1921 at Aldeburgh, died on 28 September 2015; survived by widow and two daughters. British Army officer, 1941-76; wounded at Surabaya after the Japanese surrender. Also served in Kuala Lumpur. (99)

EBERHARDIE, Major-General Charles Edward "Ted" (1924-2015)

MC 1952 (Korean War), MBE 1959. Born on 22 December 1924 at Belgium in India; died on 3 October 2015. Fluent in Malay (as early as 1945). Commander of 2 Para in Borneo, 1965: "In defiance of his orders, his battalion operated in four-man patrols. This, he claimed, gave the battalion more coverage than the other British units in theatre --with equivalent results. He had scant regard for bureaucracy and military dogma. His mantra was: "Fight the battle you are in--not the last one; shoot the enemy nearest to you; and don't intellectualise a slit trench--just dig it!" (100)

Educated at Bedford School. Wide-ranging career in the British Army, 1941-76 (including Java, 1945); then moved into the antique business in Belgium and France. Thrice married, four children. Suffered a fall and died in hospital, Saturday 3 October 2015. With his wife, Christine, he traveled regularly from their home in the south of France to attend military reunions (101) each year. He was renowned for his leadership in the jungles of Malaya and was CO of 2 Para during the battle of Plaman Mapu. (102)

ESMAIL KIRAM II, Sultan (1939-2015)

Born on 9 November 1939 at Maimbung, one of thirteen children of Sultan Punjungan Kiram; Sultan of Sulu from October 2013 until his death on 19 September 2015, in succession to Sultan Jamalul Kiram III. (103) Succeeded as Sultan by his brother, Phugdal Kiram.

Shunted aside by history, the sultans are still regarded as royalty by about 75,000 followers in Sulu--one of the poorest regions of the Philippines--but are no longer officially recognized by the Manila government and have little else to do other than nurse historic grievances. In recent years a dispute over succession rights within the family was sparked by the decision, in 1990, of Esmail's elder brother[,] Jamalul, who had been crowned sultan in 1986, to leave Sulu for Manila to enter politics and show business in violation of sultanate law. As rival claimants jostled for position, in 2001 Esmail was crowned 'Reigning Sultan' by the elders of Sulu. In November 2012 Jamalul once again proclaimed himself sultan and reasserted his claim to Sabah. As Jamalul was by then living in a shabby two-storey house in a poor suburb of Manila, Esmail continued to administer the court in Sulu as co-regent. On 11 February 2013 a group of around two hundred armed men led by another brother, Agbimuddin Kiram [gv], set off to cross the narrow stretch of sea between Sulu and Sabah. The intrusion led to a stand-off between the sultan's followers and the Malaysian authorities, followed by a rout which cost the lives of sixty-three Sulu militants and ten members of the Malaysian security forces, and forced more than six thousand Filipinos to flee to Sabah. When Jamalul died in October 2013 Esmail was named sultan. He refused to give up his claims to Sabah and appealed to the UN "to take the necessary preferential attentions for a peaceful resolution of the conflict to avoid further bloodshed." (104)

GREER, Ian Bramwell (1933-2015)

Born on 5 June 1933, died on 4 November 2015. Obituary, "Leading political lobbyist whose business was destroyed by the 'cash-for-questions' scandal," DTW. 18.11.2015:31. Extract: On 19 October 1994 "the Guardian carried a report which alleged that, during the 1980s, Greer had bribed two Conservative MPs, recently-appointed junior ministers, to ask parliamentary questions of behalf of Mohamed al-Fayed--against parliamentary rules."

G WILLIAM, Russell (d. 2014)

SCS 1954-69; State Surveyor, Brunei, 17 September 1957 until 19 August 1958; (105) President of the Sarawak Association, 1991-3 and 2001-3; died on 16 July 2014. (106)

HARDY, Stanley "Tim" (d. 2013)

Head, Special Branch, Sarawak, late 1961 to mid-May 1968; lived in retirement in Hove. (107) Died at the age of ninety-one on 7 December 2013, (108) survived by his widow, Doreen (m. 1945), and his children, Chris and Jane, along with five grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. (109) Born at Nottingham into an impoverished mining family; left school at fourteen to work in a hosiery factory. Military service during WW2 with the Parachute Regiment (D-Day landings; Java). After the war he joined the colonial police; sent to Malaya in 1950 during the Emergency. Later served in Tanganyika, Sarawak, Fiji, and Hong Kong, remaining a socialist all the while. Remained in the tropics for thirty-five years. Gifted linguist. Wrote an autobiography, The Reluctant Imperialist (2009). (110)

Hardy's papers, dating from 1962-79, are held in four files at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, reference GB 0162 MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 353; donated to the library by Hardy on 24 May 1993. The subject matter includes security problems and the communist insurgency in Sarawak during the 1960s. In May 1998 he also deposited at the library a typescript report on the Republic of Naum's [1968] Independence ceremonies.

HARRISSON, Datin Dr. Barbara V. (1922-2015)

"Archaeologist, photographer and animal lover," co-author (1956) of a report on excavations at Kota Batu, and a prolific writer on Borneo (including Brunei), Datin Dr. Harrisson died at the age of ninety-three on Boxing Day 2015. A full memorial appears in this volume.

HART, Peter Loy de Villiers

See Idris bin Abdullah.

HASNAH binti Datu Hulubalang Haji Abdul Wahab, Hajah

Deceased in NBD nlt March 2015; cf. application for probate by Haji Rosli bin Datu Hulubalang Haji Abdul Wahab (adik) and Bahjatul 'Izzah binti Haji Ahmad Alisa Eswan (daughter), reference No. T/LA/35/2015 in PB Sa.28.2.2015:15.

The point of interest here is that the person was the daughter of a Datu Hulubalang. (111)

HEALEY, Lord (1917-2015)

Right Honourable Denis Winston (112) Healey, MBE (Military) 1945, CH 1979, life peer 1992.

MP (House of Commons) 1952-92, (House of Lords) 1992-2015. Secretary of State for Defence, UK, 1964-70 (issues included "Confrontation" and the British military withdrawal from "East of Suez"); Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1974-9; Deputy Leader, Labour Party, 1980-3; resigned from the shadow cabinet, 1987. Autobiography, The Time of My Life (1989). (113) Widower of Edna, Lady Healey (1918-2010). (114)

HOWE OF ABERAVON, Lord (1926 to 2015)

Right Honourable Sir Richard Edward Geoffrey Howe, Baron cr 1992 (Life Peer) of Trandridge in the County of Surrey. CH 1996, PC 1972, Kt 1970, QC 1965. (115)

Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, UK, 1983-9; two-day visit to NBD, April 1988; granted an Audience of HM the Sultan, 9 April 1988. (116)

Born on 20 December 1926. (117) MP (House of Commons) 1964-6 and 1970-92, (House of Lords) 1992-2015. Solicitor-General, 1970-2; Minister of Trade, 1972-4; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1979-83; Leader of House, Lord President of Council, and Deputy PM, 1989-90. Memoirs: Conflict of Loyalty (1994). Died at the age of eighty-eight on 9 October 2015. (118)

IDRIS bin Abdullah (1923-2015)

South African physician who served the people of Brunei/NBD for half a century. BS London (1945), MRCP (1949), MD (1951), FRCP (1974). (119) Ad Peter Loy de Villiers Hart; Islamic convert (date of conversion n/a) who died in Negara Brunei Darussalam not later than June 2015; cf. application for probate by his widow, Mariana [sic; supply double 'n'] binti Abdullah, previously known as Tan Kim Lian (code no. LA/70/2015, in Pelita Brunei Sa.20.6.2015:20c #2). Actually died on 14 January 2015 (120) from complications following a hip fracture. Survived by widow (Marianna), son (Nicholas), and stepdaughter, Nonah Sabah, (121) and by six grandchildren. (122)

Born at Cape Town on 6 August 1923, son of Norman de Villiers Hart (journalist) and Wilhelmina Mary, nee Cooper. Educated at Bedford School. Studied medicine at St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical School, qualifying in 1945. (123) He held house posts at North Middlesex County Hospital, and was then a registrar at the West End Hospital for Nervous Diseases and the Royal Cancer Hospital, London. Kuala Lumpur, 1954; Malacca, 1958. (124)

Hart worked as a consultant physician--initially in KL, Malacca, and Malawi--before joining the Brunei General Hospital in 1962:
   Starting as sole physician for the whole of medicine and
   paediatrics, he led the modernisation of the country's health
   service. He went to the Royal Free Hospital in London to learn
   haemodialysis, establishing the programme in Brunei with a single
   dialysis machine. He trained local physicians; introduced
   echocardiography (for the several hundred patients with rheumatic
   heart disease), fibre-optic endoscopy, and bronchoscopy; and set up
   the intensive care unit. (125)


In 1979 Hart left Brunei to return to the UK. From there he worked in Bahrain for four years. He returned to what had become Negara Brunei Darussalam in 1986 [thus (126)] and set up the Hart Medical Clinic, which continues to this day. He finally retired in 2006. (127)

Dato Hart was created YD Pehin Datu Tabib Laila Lutanan Di-Raja in December 1973, (128) but by 1998 no longer seemed to be using the title. (129) POAS (second class), 1963; (130) SMB 1965; (131) DSLJ 1969. (132)

Formerly of the Malayan Medical Service: Medical Officer (timescale), appointed acting Specialist Physician, Grade B (Superscale H), General Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, 12 October 1957. (133) Medical Officer (timescale), appointed acting Specialist Officer (Superscale H), Malacca, 8 September 1958. (134) His published papers include "A cholera epidemic without a hospital death," Med J Malaya (June 1966):281-3; and "Cholera AgainBritish Medical Journal (January 1971):49.

Recreation: sailing. (135) There is an August 2003 reference to a sailing event held "in conjunction with Dr Hart's eightieth birthday." (136)

JALIHA bind Haji Md Yusof, Dr. Dayang Hajah

Deceased in NBD nlt December 2015; cf. application for probate by her widower, Dr. A.H. Mohammad bin Haji Kassim, reference LA/296/2015 in PB Is. 1.2.2016:21. (137)

JELUDIN bin Ahmad, Haji

Deceased in NBD nlt November 2015. Father of Dato Paduka Haji Mohd Nor bin Haji Jeludin, a Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, NBD. Probate application LA/255/2015, in PB Sa. 19.12.2015:19. Haji Jeludin's wife, Dayang Hajah Rafiah binti Damit, died in NBD at around the same time, cf. application for probate by Dato Mohd Nor, ref. LA/254/2015 in PB Sa. 19.12.2015:19.

JONES, Colonel Michael Peter Feltham (1919-2015)

DSO. Born on 19 October 1919; died on 11 April 2015. Educated at Sandhurst. 1/9GR. After Independence in 1947 he transferred to 1Bn 2KEO Gurkhas, which deployed to Malaya on operations against the communist terrorists. After a spell as chief instructor at the Jungle Warfare School, followed by an appointment as Deputy Assistant Quartermaster General in Berlin and service in Kenya, in 1960 he took command of 2/2GR in Singapore and HK. In 1966 he was appointed Colonel, Brigade of Gurkhas. CBE 1969 at the end of an exacting tour. (138)

KILLEARN: Jacqueline, Dowager Baroness (1910-2015)

Died on 9 October 2015 aged 105 at Bickleigh Castle, Devon (DT Tu.13.10.2015:28f #4).

Born in Ceylon on 13 January 1910, (139) Jacqueline Aldine Lesley, oldest daughter of Aldo Castellani, (140) was the second wife (m. 1934) of Sir Miles Lampson, later (1943) first Baron Killeam, Special Commissioner for the UK in South-East Asia, 1946-8; (141) 1s 2d.

KIM YOUNG-SAM (1927-2015)

President of South Korea, 1993-8; the country's first civilian ruler for more than thirty years; died aged eighty-seven at Seoul National University Hospital; had been suffering from a serious blood infection. (142) Accepted Letters of Credence presented by TYT DP AH Abdul Aziz bin Mohammad, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of NBD to the Republic of Korea, 10 February 1998. (143)

LEAHY, Sir John (1928-2015)

Born at Worthing on 7 February 1928, died on 17 November 2015. KCMG 1981. Non-executive director, Lonrho, 1993; acting chairman, November 1994; demanded "Tiny" Rowland's resignation as managing director and co-chief executive; retired as chairman on Lonrho, 1997. Memoir, Life of Spice (2006). (144)

LEE KUAN YEW (1923-2015)

CH 1970, GCMG 1972, Freeman of the City of London, 1982.

Singapore lawyer and global statesman. Prime Minister of Singapore 1959-90; Senior Minister, PMO, 1990-2004; Minister Mentor, PMO, 2004-11, leaving his cabinet post "after the ruling PAP had its worst election result"; (145) Senior Advisor, Government of Singapore Investment Corporation, 2011-15. Died on 23 March 2015. (146) HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and HM Raja Isteri Saleha paid their last respects in Singapore on the same day. (147)

A "tested ally" of Brunei/NBD, (148) which bestowed upon him its highest award, the DK First Class (Darjah Kerabat Laila Utama) on 12 February 1990. (149) The friendship between LKY and SOAS III "continued between the present sultan [Hassanal Bolkiah], his brothers, and ministers and Prime Minister Goh and his colleagues. It is a relationship of trust and utmost good faith." (150)

Practised in the Brunei courts in the 1950s. (151) Regular visitor to Brunei and later to NBD, for example September 1960; Thursday 1 August 1968 (Coronation of HH Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah); March 1979 and July 1979; February 1984 (forNBD's independence celebrations); August 1989 (HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah's berkhatan ceremony; August 1996 (HRH Princess Rashidah's wedding; 31 October to 1 November 2000; 9 September 2004 (wedding of HRH the Crown Prince and Dayangku Sarah). Regularly visited himself in Singapore by Brunei/NBD royalty, e.g. by HH Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, January 1980; (152) by HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Thursday 27 February 2003; (153) by HRH the Perdana Wazir, 25 April 1999. (154) HRH Princess Masna was a Lee Kuan Yew Exchange Fellow in 2002. (155) Delivered the inaugural Sultan Omar Ali Memorial Lecture in 2009. (156)

Born on 16 September 1923, (157) son of Lee Chin Koon and Chua Jim Neo; m. 1950, Kwa Geok Choo (1920-2010); (158) two s, one d, namely Hsien Loong (b 1952), (159) Wei Ling (b. 1955), and Hsien Yang (b. 1957). (160) Three brothers (Dennis, Freddy, Suan Yew) and one sister Monica; Lee Kuan Yew and Dennis (also Cambridge-educated) practised law as "Lee and Lee." (161) Educated at Raffles College and Cambridge University (Fitzwilliam College). Called to the Bar, Middle Temple, 1950 (Hon Bencher, 1969). Advocate and Solicitor, Singapore, 1951. Formed People's Action Party, 1954 (Secretary-General, 1954-92). MP, Federal Parliament of Malaysia, 1963-5. Author of The Singapore Story (1998); From Third World to First: The Singapore Story 1965-2000 (2000); Grand Master's Insights on China, the United States and the World (2013); One Man's View of the World (2013).

Recreation: swimming. (162)

LEONG SEONG CHEONG

Deceased in NBD nlt September 2015; cf. application for probate by his offspring, Leong Chuin Fui and Leong Vai Shiem, ref. LA/09/2015 in PS Is.5.10.2015:19. "Awang Leong Seong Cheong" was manager of the NBD badminton squad at the Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, September 1998. (163) Coordinator of Training and Development, National Badminton Association of NBD. (164)

LITHERLAND, Stella (d. 2015)

Founder of Stella's School, Brunei; died on 16 January 2015, aged ninety-two. (165) Widow of Sydney Litherland (1919-2012), BSB town-planner. (166) Mother of Rupert, Bridget, and Piers; also great-grandmother. Formerly of Malawi, Uganda, and Brunei. (167)

McALISTER, Major-General Ronald William Lorne (1923-2015)

British soldier, born at Teddington (Gloucestershire), 26 May 2015, died on 8 September 2015; survived by widow and two daughters. OBE 1968, CB 1977, mentioned in despatches three times. Appointed commander of the 1/10 Gurkha Rifles, 1965, "and saw action in Borneo during the 'Confrontation' with Indonesia. His report on the performance of a reconnaissance patrol, which led to a fierce fire fight, gives an indication of the quality of his commanders and their men: 'For sheer, impudent daring, cold courage and determination to extract results, this operation was, in my view, unique, and yet, with the daring, went immaculate planning and briefing and, in tactical execution, faultless attention to detail.'"

Educated at Sedbergh. Officer cadet, 1942. Commissioned into the 3rd Queen Alexandra's Own GR at Dehra Dun. Transferred to 2nd Btn. 10GR. Hong Kong, 1948. Malaya 1950-2, 1957-8. Rose to become Major-General Brigade of Gurkhas and Deputy Commander Land Forces HK, 1975-7. Colonel, 10th Princess Mary's OGR, 1977-85. Author of Bugle and Kukri (1983). (168)

MASNI bind Haji Abdul Jalil, Datin Hajah

A woman of datin status, deceased in NBD nlt January 2016, nlt 2015 judging from the code number, cf. application for probate by her son, Haji Suhaimi bin Dato Haji Mohd Hashim, ref. LA/284/2015 in PB Is. 1.2.2016:21. Her spouse would have been Dato Haji Mohd Hashim (qv), who appears to have died at around the same time.

MILLER, Terence George (1918-2015)

Scottish geologist and palaeontologist; applied his expertise to military engineering in Borneo (and elsewhere) during the 1960s. Born on 19 January 1918, Cambridge; died aged ninety-six on 17 January 2015. (169) Educated at Perse School and Jesus College, Cambridge; married (spouse, Inga, d. 2012, artist), 3d Is. Served during WW2 (RA, Parachute Regiment, Glider Pilot Regiment, D-Day, Arnhem, POW; subsequently a peace-time lieutenant colonel in the TA). Research Fellow at Jesus College after the war; then moved to Keele University and Reading University. Principal, University College of Rhodesia [now the University of Zimbabwe], 1967-9. Director of the newly-formed Polytechnic of North London [now the London Metropolitan University], 1971-80 (an era of student radicalism).

MOHD HASHIM bin Haji Tahir, Dato Paduka Awang Haji

Deceased in NBD nlt January 2016, probably nlt 2015, cf. application for probate by his son, Haji Suhaimi bin Dato Haji Mohd Hashim, reference number LA/285/2015 in PB Is.1.2.2016:21. DP AH Mohd Hashim bin Haji Tahir won the Amigerah Tokoh Guru Tua, a "lifetime-achievement oscar" for teachers, on Hari Gum 1996. (170)

"Chegu Mohd Hashim bin Haji Tahir" was a Visiting Justice for Brunei Town in 1966. (171) "Awang Mohd Hashim bin Haji Tahir" was appointed SMB in 1966. (172) Besides Haji Suhaimi, another son was Awang Zainal Abidin bin DP AH Mohd Hashim.

See also Datin Hajah Masni binti Haji Abdul Jalil.

MD NOOR bin Zakaria, Datu Panglima Awang Haji

Deceased in NBD nlt January 2015; cf. application for probate by his son, Haji Abdul Latip bin Datu Panglima Haji Matnor, ref. no. LA/61/2015, in PBI Sa.7.2.2015:7d #2.

Headman of Tanah Jambu, approximately ten miles from the national capital (reference: second quarter 1992). Created Datu Panglima, 29 May 1996; previously styled "Awang Haji." (173) The Datu Panglima is one of the menteri darat (land chiefs) in Brunei-Muara District. (174) His daughter, Hajah Puspa binti Dato Panglima Haji Mohammad Noor died not long afterwards (nit September 2015); cf. application for probate by her daughter, Rohaidah binti Haji Ibrahim, ref. LA/168/2015 in PB Is.5.10.2015:19.

MOHD ROSLDEE bin Haji Mohammed @ Johnnt [sic] Teo (d. 2015)

The late Mohd Rosidee was one of the first local people to be appointed to the Oilfield Security Forces (Pasukan Keselamatan Padang Minyak), for whom he worked from 1958 until 1974. He commenced his service with the Brunei Police Force in 1958 as an Additional Police Officer (APO) and was awarded the medal for 'Best Recruit' during training. He was promoted Inspector in 1960 and received a Campaign Medal (Pingat Perjuangari) in 1962. He died on 16 March 2015. On 11 February 2016 sixty members of the Oilfield Security Police in Belait District, headed by the commanding officer, Inspektor Haji Kaffli bin Haji Lidus, attended a Majlis Tahlil dan Doa Arwah, at the Islamic Burial Ground, Milestone 3, Kuala Belait. (175)

NORMALA binti Haji Mohd Daud, Hajah Siti

Deceased in NBD nlt August 2015 (reference LA/179/2015 in PB Sa.19.9.2015:20). The point of interest here is that her widower, Pengiran Anak Mohd Abdul Ameed bin Pengiran Anak Haji Hassan, is a person of high noble status as indicated by the honorific Pengiran Anak.

PUAN binti Awang Hussin, Datin Dayang

Deceased in NBD nlt November 2015; cf. application for probate by her son, PH Kamaruddin bin Pengiran Paduka Tuan Haji Abu Bakar, reference LA/95/2015 in PB Sa.19.12.2015:19.

This was a lady with very important connections indeed. Her son's father held the office of Pengiran Paduka Tuan, one of the kepala ceteria, who are exceeded in importance only by the viziers. (176) PH Kamaruddin, for his part, is brother to the current Grand Chamberlain, namely YAM Pengiran Penggawa Laila Bentara Istiadat Diraja Dalam Istana PH Alauddin bin Pengiran Paduka Tuan PH Abu Bakar. (177)

ROAD DEATHS 2015

Annual road fatalities in NBD reached the same total (24) by September 2015 as they had done throughout 2014, (178) including eleven within a single month beginning on 25 August 2015. The Ministry of Communications blamed road users themselves for the fatal accidents. Vehicles were often handled in a risky way, including speeding, attempting to overtake, doing U-turns in no U-turn areas, driving on tyres with thin tread, and cycling during the night. Drowsiness was one cause of the accidents. All this was despite the fact that in January 2015 the Ministry had published a guide entitled Safe and Smart Driving in Brunei Darussalam. Data from 2011-13 indicated that road accidents were caused overwhelmingly by driver misbehaviour (85-95%), followed by "vehicle defects" (4-5%) and "road environment" (3-4%). (179) In November 2015 ASEAN announced a plan to cut road deaths by half in five years. (180)

ROSLAN bin Mamudin

Deceased in NBD not later than September 2015, cf. application for probate by his widow, Rafiah (ref. LA/176/2015 in PB Is.5.10.2015:18), who is the daughter of a Begawan Pehin Khatib named Abdul Hamid, a very senior Muslim cleric in the sultanate. (181)

SA'ADIAH binti Dato Derma Wijaya Haji Tamit, Datin Dr Hajah

BA. MAPh.D. Also known as "Datin Hajah Palam." (182) Deceased in NBD nlt August 2015; cf. application for probate by her son, Syukri Hamdi bin Dato Seri Haji Metussin, (183) ref. LA/148/2015 in PB R.2.9.2015:21; nlt July 2015, judging from her bequest (below).

A great contributor to scholarly life in the sultanate, Datin Sa'adiah was educated at the Seri Begawan Training College for Teachers of [Islamic] Religion. She worked as a Lecturer in the Islamic Studies Faculty of the Sultan Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Islamic Studies Institute and at the UBD's Brunei Studies Academy. She was also an associate (sambilan) lecturer at the KUPUSB. A former member of its academic staff, she made a bequest to UNISSA of Muslim reference books and other titles relating to regional Islamic history, 2 July 2015. A further 372 books were bequeathed to the KUPUSB Library. (184)

Alternative usage: "Saadiah."

SAUD AL-FAISAL, Prince (1940-2015)

Foreign Minister, Saudi Arabia, 1975-2015; the longest-serving in the world at the time of his retirement in April 2015, seeing off thirteen US secretaries of state. Born on 2 January 1940, died on 9 July 2015. (185) Son of Prince (later King) Faisal; educated at Princeton (economics); Deputy Minister of Petroleum under Sheikh Yamani; appointed Foreign Minister by King Khalid, 1975. Married to a cousin (Jawhara bint Abdullah bin Abdul-Rahman); 3s 3d, one of whom is the wife of Prince Sultan, son of King Salman. (186)

Held bilateral discussions with HRH the Perdana Wazir at the OIC Conference, Cairo, August 1990; (187) entertained HRH the Perdana Wazir to a banquet, Riyadh, November 1995; (188) present at a meeting between HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah and HRH Crown Prince Abdullah, Al-Yamamah Palace (Riyadh), 4 January 1999; (189) recipient of an annual message of goodwill from HRH the Perdana Wazir, 23 September, marking Saudi National Day; (190) visitor to NBD, 9 September 2004, to attend the wedding of HRH the Crown Prince and Dayangku Sarah. (191)

SOAMES, Baroness

The Right Honourable Sir Nicholas Soames was received by The Queen, Buckingham Palace, 12 March 2015, and delivered up the Insignia of the Order of the Garter worn by his mother, the late Baroness Soames. (192)

STOREY, John F (d. 2008)

Assistant Commissioner of Sarawak Constabulary, appointed OCPD Belait, 31 July 1952. (193) Served in Sarawak 1951-61; died in 2008. (194)

SWINDELLS, Major-General [cr 1980] George Michael Geoffrey (1930-2015)

CB 1985. British military officer (9/12 Royal Lancers); served in staff appointments in Singapore and Brunei (no date, but seems to have been in the early-mid 1970s). Active service in Korea and at Suez. Born on 15 January 1930; died on 13 October 2015, (195) whilst swimming off the coast of Elba. (196) Widow, Prudence, an artist; two daughters (and one son deceased). Born in Cheshire, educated at Rugby School. He was commissioned on 1st April 1949 and completed his National Service with the 5th Inniskilling Dragoon Guards whom he immediately re-joined on hearing they were to be sent to Korea. In 1969 he was appointed Commanding Officer of the 9th/12th Royal Lancers [until 1971] and [in] 1990 he was appointed Colonel of the Regiment [until 1995]. On the formation of The Royal Lancers he was appointed to the Council. (197)

Adjutant, Cheshire Yeomanry, 1955-6; attended Staff College, 1960; Commander, 11th Armoured Brigade, 1975-6; RCDS course, 1977; Director of Operational Requirements (3), Ministry of Defence (UK), 1978-9; Chief of Joint Services Liaison Organisation, Bonn, 1980-3; Director of Management and Support of Intelligence, 19835. Post-retirement he was, amongst other things, a Trustee of the Royal Society for Asian Affairs from 1999 until 2005. (198) A service of thanksgiving was held at Holy Trinity Church (Sloane Square, London) on 13 January 2016. (199)

SZCZEPANIAK, Stephen John (1960-2013)

Died in Negara Brunei Darussalam; cf. application for probate in January by his brother, Michael Paul Szczepaniak, reference No. 01/2016 in PB Is. 1.2.2016:19. According to his memorial (online) (200) he was born in Australia on 1 October 1960 and died on 22 October 2013 at the age of fifty-three years. F/D: George Hartnett Funerals. If so, note the long delay between death and probate.

TAN LIAN KIAT

Deceased in NBD nlt November 2015; cf. application for probate by their offspring, Tan Eu Shing, ref. LA/278/2015 in PB Sa. 19.12.2015:18d #last. (201)

TREGONNING, Dr. Kennedy Gordon Phillip (1923-2015)

MBE. Australian historian and head teacher.

Author of, amongst other books, Under Chartered Company Rule: North Borneo 1881-1946 (1958), updated as A History of Modern Sabah (1965); North Borneo (1960); A History of Modern Malaya (1964); Home Port Singapore: A History of the Straits Steamship Company Limited 1890-1965 (1967); A History of Modern Malaysia and Singapore (1972); Home Port Singapore: An Australian Historian's Experience, 1953-1967 (1989); and Merdeka and Much More (2010). Editor of Papers on Malayan History (1962).

His many articles include: "American Activity in North Borneo, 1865-1881" (Pacific Historical Review, November 1954); "The Partition of Brunei" (Malaya: JBAM, August 1958); review of Maxwell Hall, Kinabalu Guerrillas (JSEAH, March 1964); "The Philippine Claim to Sabah" (JMBRAS 1971); and "Tertiary Education in Malaya: Policy and Practice" (JMBRAS 1990).

Born in 1923; died in July 2015 at the age of ninety-two; military service with the Royal Australian Air Force during World War II. BA Hons (Adelaide), BLit (New College, Oxford). Joined the History Department at the University of Malaya in Singapore, 1953. Ph.D. 1958 ("the first degree awarded at the inaugural convocation ceremony of the university's campus at KL"). Raffles Professor of History, University of Malaya, 1959-67, in succession to C.N. Parkinson. Headmaster, Hale School, Wembley Downs, Western Australia, 1967-88. (202) Retired, 1988.

Life Member of MBRAS; (203) delivered MBRAS Annual Lecture, 1989. (204) Spouse: Judith; five daughters.

Photographed: JMBRAS 1990(1):7; JMBRAS 2015:157* and, as at 1966, ibid., p 159.*

Obituary: JMBRAS 2015(2): 157-9.*

VAN LUIK, Klaas Willem (1959-2014)

Deceased in NBD nlt December 2014; cf. application for probate by his widow, Jenny Wee Ming Na, Code No. KB/LA/99/2014, in PB Sa.27.12.2014:21. In fact, he did not die in NBD at all, but was a victim of Flight MH 17, shot down over the Ukraine on Thursday 17 July 2014. Born in 1959. (205) A Dutch Principal Explorationist employed by the Brunei Shell Petroleum Company Limited since 2013, he was traveling alone on a personal trip. He had worked for Shell since 1985. Survived by his widow, from Sarawak, whom he married in 2010. Shell lost a further three employees during the disaster, including another person from the Netherlands, along with two Malaysians.

WEIZSACKER, Richard von (1920-2015)

President of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1984-94; bestowed upon HRH the Perdana Wazir the Order of Merit of the FRG (First Class), 16 November 1985. (206) Born on 15 April 1920, died on 31 January 2015, aged ninety-four. (207) Army Service, 1938-45. Professional lawyer since 1955. Mayor of West Berlin, 1981-4. Hon DCL (Oxford), 1988; Dr he (Cambridge), 1994. (208) A Book of Condolences at the Head Office of the Federal Republic of Germany (Kompleks Yayasan SHHB, BSB) was signed by YB Pehin Lim Jock Seng, 10 February 2015. (209)

ZAHRAH bind Pehin Orang Kaya [?Perdana Indera] Dato Seri Seda Haji Md Taha, Hajah Sid

Deceased in NBD nlt May 2015; cf. application for probate by her daughter, Hajah Siti Zaliha bind Haji Muhammad, ref. LA/03/2015 in PBI R. 10.6.2015:21. No further data relating to Hajah Siti Zahrah; various alternative spellings checked.

Her father, however, was a very senior man of pehin rank. One Mohd Taha bin Haji Bakir was appointed Pehin Bendahari on 4 August 1958, YD POK Setia Pahlawan on 16 February 1968, and YD POK Perdana Indera on 28 June 1970. The DSNB was awarded in 1972 and, as at August 1973, he also held the DSLJ SNB POAS and PHBS. He was acting Resettlement Officer at various times between 1963 and 1968.

One "YD POKL DSS Haji Mohd Taha bin Haji Bakir" was Chief Executive Assistant at the Housing Application Division of the Housing Development Department (TD 97:119c). [POKL might refer to Pehin Orang Kaya Laksamana which is a higher-ranking office than POK Perdana Indera, cf. Brown 1970:201, No 6 versus No 14; and, therefore, one to which the POKPI might have been promoted during the interim]. References exist to "Awang Abdul Razak bin POKPI Mohd Taha" and to "DHS Sara binti POKPI Md Taha." There is an application for probate in April 2006 by Abdul Kahar in respect of his father 'POKLS [thus] DSS Haji Mohd Taha bin Haji Bakir' (PBI 12.4.2006:18bc). Pehin titles are rare; so it is not very likely (but not impossible) that there would be two different persons named "Pehin Mohd Taha bin Haji Bakir."

Selected Abbreviations (210)
*        monochrome photograph.
**       polychrome illustration.
2d 1s    two daughters, one son.
30f #1   page 30, column 6, paragraph 1.
AL       Army List (UK).
AMBIM    Associate Member of the British Institute of Management.
BAR      Brunei Annual Report.
BBY      Borneo Bulletin Yearbook.
BDS      Brunei Darussalam yearbook.
BGG      Brunei Government Gazette.
HEMPB    Hutchinson Encyclopedia of Modern Political Biography (Helicon
         Publishing Limited, Oxford, 1999).
INI      (at the) Istana Nurul Iman.
MID      mentioned in despatches.
nit      not later than.
OGR      Own Gurkha Rifles.
OKSN     Orang Kaya Setia Negara (a land chief in Tutong District).
RCDS     Royal College of Defence Studies.
SHHB     Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah.
SIS      Secret Intelligence Service.
sowc     Senior Officers' War Course (UK).
sq       staff qualified, other than at a staff college (UK).
STEL     The Sunday Telegraph (London).
TA       Territorial Army.
TD 97    NBD Telephone Directory 1997.
WW/WWW   Who's Who and Who Was Who.


REFERENCES

Abu Bakar Hamzah

1989 Brunei Darussalam [in 1988]: Continuity and Change. Southeast Asian Affairs 1989: 91-104.

Brown, D.E. 1970 Brunei: The Structure and History of a Bornean Malay Sultanate. Bandar Seri Begawan: Brunei Museum; copy received by courtesy of Professor Brown.

Chalfont, Lord 1989 By God's Will: A Portrait of the Sultan of Brunei. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

Colledge, J.J. and B. Warlow 2006 Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy from the 15th Century to the Present. Fourth edition. London: Chatham Publishing.

Colonial Office Series of Documents (National Archives, Kew) CO 930 Federation of Malaya Government Gazette.

CO 985 Brunei Government Gazette.

Daljit Singh and VT Arasu (Eds) 1984 Singapore: An Illustrated History 1941-1984. Singapore: Ministry of Culture, Information Division.

Eusoff Agaki Haji-Ismail (later YM DSS AH Mohd Eussoff Agaki bin Haji Ismail) 1991 Brunei Darussalam: Its Re-Emergence as a Sovereign and Independent Malay-Muslim Sultanate 1959-1983. M.Phil. thesis (unpublished), University of Hull, May 1991.

Harfield, Alan G. 1977 Askar Melayu Di-Raja Brunei, 1961-1976. Bandar Seri Begawan: Perchetakan Bintang; copy by courtesy of Major Harfield.

Kasuya Sendirian Berhad 1989-90 New Malaysian Who's Who. Part I: Sabah and Sarawak. Part II: Malaya. Kuala Lumpur: Kasuya Publishing SB.

Lee Kuan Yew 2000 From Third World to First. The Singapore Story: 1965-2000. Singapore and the Asian Economic Boom. New York: HarperCollins.

Magnusson, Magnus (general editor) 1990 Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers, 1990; 1995 reprint.

MB RAS (Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society) 1999 A Complete List of Members of the MBRAS on 31 December 1999. Kuala Lumpur: MBRAS.

Ong Teck Mong, Timothy 1983 Modern Brunei: Some Important Issues. Southeast Asian Affairs 1983:1184.

Saunders, Graham E. 1994 A History of Brunei. Kuala Lumpur: OUP.

Watson, A.C. 1982 Notes on the History of Bubongan [sic] Dua Belas. Brunei Museum Journal 1982:31-104.

Wikipedia (online encyclopaedia).

(1) Pelita Brunei 16.7.2003:5; PB 23.7.2003:2.

(2) PBA (Pelita Brunei, Aneka section) 26.9.1990:16.

(3) PB 6.12.1989:9b #2; already held the SMB, PIKB, and PKL; already styled Pehin in this reference but not yet DP.

(4) PB 4.11.1998:10.

(5) WKNB (Warta Kerajaan Negeri Brunei) 26.12.1970:20.

(6) PS 19.11.2003:4.

(7) PB 17.1.1996:14.

(8) PB 27.12.1989:19.

(9) PB 8.8.1990:15. PERTIWI, an acronym for the Pertubuhan Perkumpulan Perempuan (WI), is the Islamic Women's Association of NBD. Pertiwi itself means 'motherland' or 'home country.'

(10) TD91 (NBD Telephone Directory 1997):208b.

(11) PB 7.12.1988:23.

(12) PB Is.7.12.2015:3.**

(13) From 22 November 2012 onwards, according to Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.

(14) BTO (Brunei Times, online) 7.12.2015 accessed at 1322h GMT on 17 December 2015.

(15) Straits Times online, 5 December 2015, accessed at 1318h GMT on Thursday 17 December 2015

(16) Interestingly, no message of condolence from NBD was published (cf. PB Sa. 10.1.2015 and PB Is. 12.1.2015).

(17) The Malaysian Insider online, 9 January 2015, accessed at 1206h GMT on Wednesday 23 December 2015.

(18) BBO (Borneo Bulletin, online) 11.1.2015 accessed at 1207h GMT on 23 December 2015.

(19) Saunders 1994:172.

(20) Eusoff Agaki 1991:197.

(21) Ong 1983:82.

(22) Saunders 1994:172.

(23) Borneo Post (online), Wednesday 23 December 2015, accessed at 1205h GMT on the same day.

(24) Who's Who in Malaysia and Singapore 1981-82', Kasuya 11:28.

(25) BTO Sunday 11 January 2015.

(26) Ibid.

(27) Wikipedia.

(28) BBC R4, M.1.8.2005:1000h BST.

(29) Thomas W Lippman, "A shrewd ruler who was popular with his subjects" (obituary), The Independent (online), F.23.1.2015**, reprinted from The Washington Post.

(30) Obituary, "Ruler of Saudi Arabia who led his nation at a time of unprecedented upheaval in the Arab world," DT (The Daily Telegraph, London) Sa.24.1.2015:37.**/*

(31) Obituary, "Monarch whose reign saw the spread of division, corruption and strife, and was saved only by "black gold'," The Guardian (online). HEMPB 1999;2 also gives "1924" as the date of birth. Wikipedia gives '1 August 1924'.

(32) The Guardian, loc. cit.

(33) Independent, loc. cit. Appointed in 1961, according to Wikipedia.

(34) SYB [Statesman's Year Book] 1993-94:1145.

(35) PB 13.1.1999:4.

(36) PB Is.26.1.2015:24.

(37) Inquirer.net website, report dated 15 January 2015, accessed on Wednesday 9 March 2016 at 1601h GMT; and various other online reports. See also BRB 2013:21.

(38) not later than.

(39) cf. Brown 1970:203, No 72. No further data are available to the present writer, except that he apparently had eleven children, including a senior police officer, namely Penguasa Kanan Awang Haji Mohd Hassan bin Pehin Penyurat Haji Awang Ahmad, and a university lecturer, Dr Haji Mohammed Hussain bin Pehin Penyurat Haji Ahmad (b 1970; Geni.com website, accessed at 1529h GMT on Thursday 10 March 2016).

(40) Malay Mail online, 28 May 2014.

(41) PB 11.10.1989:32.

(42) BDS 1989:165.

(43) PB 3.10.1990:1; 10.10.1990:8-9.

(44) PB 6.9.1995:1; 13.9.1995:9.

(45) Kasuya IIii:956-7.

(46) Wikipedia.

(47) The Star (online), Friday 30 March 2012 (accessed on W.9.3.2016).

(48) Obituary, "President who encouraged India's nuclear ambitions," DT F.7.8.2015:35.**

(49) PB Sa.1.8.2015:24.**

(50) CNN online, 2122h GMT, 27 July 2015.

(51) PB 31.10.1990:1.

(52) PB 31.10.1990:3.

(53) PB 19.2.1992:8.

(54) PB 7.10.1992:15.

(55) BDS 1988:149; Abu Bakar Hamzah 1989:103.

(56) PB 6.9.1995:1; 13.9.1995:9.

(57) PB 18.8.1999:16.

(58) Obituary, "Marine who later served with the SIS in the Soviet Union," DFW.2.3.2016:29.**

(59) Obituary, "Signals officer who served in Germany and the Far East," DT W.30.9.2015:29.*

(60) DT W.23.9.2015:286 #3.

(61) DT W.30.9.2015:29.*

(62) BTO Sunday 18 January 2009.

(63) Obituary, "Popular naval officer who commanded the aircraft carrier Invincible during the Falklands conflict," DT W.2.12.2015:31. **

(64) HMS Fiskerton (1957-71) was a coastal minesweeper of the 'Ton' class, launched by Doig at Grimsby on 12 April 1957. It was sold in 1971 and broken up at Dartford in 1976. "Ton" class vessels, of which 116 were launched in 1953-8 for the RN and other fleets, displaced 360 tons, measured 153ft (overall length) x 29ft, and were equipped with one 40mm gun (Colledge and Warlow 2006:xv, 127).

(65) One "Dayang Aming" was Principal of the Sufri Bolkiah Secondary School in Tutong District as at September 2002 (BBSO [Borneo Bulletin Sunday online] 29.9.2002). "Yang Mulia Dayang Hajah Aming binti Haji Wash" also served as Head of the Special Education Unit, no date.

(66) BTO 25.3.2015.

(67) PB 6.12.1989:9f #4.

(68) BBO W.28.1.2004:h2.htm.

(69) BBO Sa. 16.7.2005 :h9.htm.

(70) BTO 25.3.2015.

(71) BTO 25.3.2015.

(72) Sample references: PBA 11.2.2000:16; PBA 26.4.2000:15; PB 5.7.2000:6*; PBA 30.8.2000:7; PBA 11.10.2000:16; PB 18.10.2000:11; PB 24.10.2001:7.

(73) BBO M.16.9.2002:h7.htm.

(74) BBO F.6.6.2003:h8.htm; BBO Sa.24.9.2005:f12.htm.

(75) PBA 4.10.2000:8.*

(76) BB 6.8.1977:12.

(77) PBA 1.8.1990:15.

(78) Obituary, "Distinguished soldier who was a senior figure in NATO and later escorted war widows to Kohima," DTM. 18.5.2015:25.**

(79) AL 1965: column 1459; AL 1973: officers on retired pay, page 91.

(80) Harfield 1977: 44, 68-9, 78, 81.

(81) Interviewed by the Imperial War Museum, Catalogue number 17721, dating from 13 December 1997. He discussed "Aspects of period as commanding officer of Royal Brunei Armed Forces" including "meetings with Sultan of Brunei" and, most intriguingly, "abdication of Sultan due to British pressure."

(82) Donations to The Gurkha Welfare Trust. T.H. Sanders & Sons (020 8948 1551). Online ref: 136478. Death notice in DT W.27.5.2015:26e #4.

(83) Mr. Woo Kum Wah, circular to members of MBRAS, 29 July 2015.

(84) The Star online, Monday 27 July 2015.

(85) Noticed in BRB 2014:353.

(86) JMBRAS 2015 (2): 146.

(87) JMBRAS 1991(1): 149; JMBRAS 1993(1):98.

(88) Obituary by Paul H. Kratoska followed by tributes from a Who's Who of scholars of Malaysia (JMBRAS 2015 (2): 140-50).

(89) See further Modern Asian Studies, 24(4), October 1990: 825-9.

(90) Obituary, "Brigade major whose quick thinking in times of crisis ensured Britain's victory in the Falklands War," DT Th.1.10.2015:29.*

(91) DT M.21.9.2015:30e #1.

(92) Sarawak Association, Newsletter and Annual Report 2015, page 8 (online; accessed at 1457h BST on Monday 17 August 2015). Dato Seri Laila Jasa Dr. L.J. Clapham (1912-85) was State Medical Officer in Brunei between 1948 and 1950. SMB 1966, DSLJ 1971. Medical Officer, Malaya, 1940 (seconded to Sarawak). Interned, 1941-5. DDMS (Deputy Director of Medical Services), Sarawak, 1950. DMS, North Borneo, 1953. CBE 1960. An infant son of Dr. Clapham was laid to rest at a burial ground off Jalan Residency, near Brunei Town (Watson 1982:79).

(93) Obituary, "Officer whose resilience in the Malayan jungle won him an MC," Daily Telegraph (London), W.29.7.2015:31.**

(94) WWW online, sub 'LHN Davis'. Leonard George Corney CMG (1886-1955) was Deputy Auditor, Straits Settlements and FMS, 1932; Auditor, 1936; acting Financial Secretary, SS, 1940; interned by Japanese, 1942-5; married (1921) Hilda Fletcher, 1s 1d (WWW online).

(95) Mr. Davis worked for the Malayan Civil Service from 1932 until 1957 (CMG 1957), his last appointment being as Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Communications and Works in Singapore, 1955-7. Special Representative, Rubber Growers' Association in Malaya, 1958-63. He and Judith Corney married in 1950; 2d 1s (WWW online).

(96) Which would give a date of birth some time around 1928; so she must have been much younger than her husband.

(97) At the time of his death, Mr. Davis was described as no more than a "grandfather" (DT W.18.6.2003:24f #4ff); presumably, therefore, the great-grandchildren have been born since June 2003. It should be noted, also, that the family name appears to be "Newsom Davis" rather than "Davis" (although he is certainly listed in Who Was Who under the latter appellation).

(98) Death notice in DT W.20.5.2015:32g #8. Donations to Macmillan or World Horse Welfare. Poat F/D (0173 081 2094). Online reference: A190861.

(99) Obituary, "Bravely led a small force against the Japanese in Burma in 1944," DT F.11.12.2015:39.*

(100) Obituary, "Officer who fought the Japanese, then took on communists alongside his former enemies," DT Th. 12.11.2015:39.*

(101) 2 Para Reunion Club website, notice dated 4 October 2015, accessed at 1322h GMT on Monday 16 November 2015.

(102) 27 April 1965. The engagement, involving thirty-five British troops (one or two dead, several wounded), lasted nearly two hours before the Indonesians were beaten off with fifty casualties (ParaData website, accessed on W.9.3.2016:1541h GMT; British Army website, report datelined 28 April 2015).

(103) Obituary, "Sultan of Sulu whose claim to Malaysian-held Sabah led to an ill-fated attempted invasion," DTM.28.9.2015:29. See also BRB 2013:27.

(104) Ibid.

(105) CO 985/2 BGG 31.10.1957 and 30.9.1958.

(106) Sarawak Association, Newsletter and Annual Report 2015 (online; accessed at 1457h BST on Monday 17 August 2015).

(107) Letter to the author, postmarked 28 April 2004.

(108) Sarawak Association, loc. cit.

(109) Obituary by his grand-daughter, Jessica Hardy, in The Guardian (online), Thursday 2 January 2014 accessed at 1040h GMT on Thursday 11 February 2016.

(110) Ibid.

(111) Datu Hulubalang [cr. 1974] AH Abdul Wahab bin OKSN Haji Mohd Safar was one of several tokoh produced over the years by the Malays of Keriam (PB 11.6.1997:8). A successful businessman, he gave meritorious service to society, recognized in several awards granted by the sultan (PB 27.6.2001:9; aged seventy-three in this reference, which would suggest a date of birth around 1928). His son, Haji Rosli, is a businessman.

(112) Named after Churchill.

(113) Obituary, "Labour politician of formidable intellect who served as Chancellor during the turbulent 1970s", DTM.5.10.2015:31.*

(114) See BRB 2011:65-6.

(115) WW 2000:1005.

(116) BDS 1988:144; Magnusson 1990:738.

(117) DTSa.20.12.2000:22.

(118) Obituary, "Long-serving member of Margaret Thatcher's Cabinet whose resignation finally brought her down," DTM. 12.10.2015:29**; see also STEL 11.10.2015:30.**

(119) Royal College of Physicians website: Munk's Roll: Volume XII: Peter Loy de Villiers Hart, accessed at 1421 h GMT on 6 November 2015 (comprising an obituary by Marianna Hart).

(120) Ibid.

(121) British Medical Journal 2015:350:h551.

(122) Royal College of Physicians website, loc. cit.

(123) Ibid.

(124) Ibid.

(125) Obituary by Nicholas Hart and Ashley Woodcock, British Medical Journal 2075:35-:h551.

(126) The Hart Medical Clinic, Jalan Pemancha, BSB was established in 1984 according to BBY 98:340.

(127) Royal College of Physicians website, loc. cit.

(128) WKNB 12.1.1974:7.

(129) cf. BBY98:340.

(130) BGG 5.8.1964.

(131) BGG 9.10.1965:259.

(132) BGG 26.12.1970:316.

(133) CO 930/26:697.

(134) CO 930/30:2110.

(135) British Medical Journal 20/5:350:h551.

(136) BBO W.27.8.2003:sl.htm.

(137) No further data available. One "Dr. Haji Mohammad bin Haji Kassim" was: Senior Scientific Officer, Microbiology Laboratory Section, Ministry of Health (TD 97:138b); Acting Director, Laboratory Services Department, NBD (BBO W.29.6.2005:h5.htm).

(138) DT M.27.4.2015:29.

(139) Obituary by Martin Childs in The Scotsman (Scotland's national newspaper), online, Th. 19.11.2015; accessed at 1429h GMT on W.9.3.2016.

(140) 1877-1971; Hon KCMG 1928 (Wikipedia).

(141) Lord Killeam (1880-1964) was British Minister to China, 1926-33; High Commissioner for Egypt and Sudan, 1934-6; Ambassador to Egypt and HC for Sudan, 1936-46.

(142) Sunday Telegraph, London, 22.11.2015:22.

(143) PB 9.9.1998:5.

(144) Obituary, "Talented diplomat and former athlete who was ambassador to South Africa [1979-82] during atense period," DTFA. 12.2015:31.*

(145) Sunday Times (London) 15.5.2011 :(1)31.

(146) WWW (online).

(147) PB R.25.3.2015:1**, 16-17**, 24**

(148) Chalfont 1989:92, 116.

(149) BDS 1990-.136.

(150) Lee Kuan Yew 2000:308.

(151) Ibid., p 305.

(152) Daljit Singh and Arasu 1984:354, 355.**

(153) GBOW ON Sa. 1.3.2003.

(154) PB 28.4.1999:4c #penult.

(155) In May 2015 YTM PSPAP Hajah Masna, Ambassador at Large, paid an official visit to Singapore. At the National Museum she viewed a special exhibition, 'In Memoriam: Lee Kuan Yew' and signed a book of condolences (PB Sa.9.5.2015:24**).

(156) www.bruneilibraryassociation.wordpress.com, Wadah Perpustakaan (online), Bil. 7, Mac 2009, accessed at 1430h BST on Monday 19 May 2014. A PDF of the Lecture is also available online (accessed Sa. 13.2.2016:1144h GMT.

(157) DT F.16.9.2011:38.

(158) DT W.6.10.2010:29.**

(159) Prime Minister of Singapore since 2004.

(160) Lee Kuan Yew 2000:677.

(161) Ibid., p 682.

(162) WWW online, accessed 17 June 2015.

(163) PBA 16.9.1998:5.

(164) PBA 16.6.1999:6.

(165) Death notice in DTW.21.1.2015:30f#1.

(166) BRB 2012:53-4.

(167) Funeral due to take place at 1130h GMT on 27 January 2015 at St James Church, Barton under Needwood, Staffordshire. Donations to St Michael's Hospice c/o Arthur C Towner Ltd, 19-20 Station Road, Bexhill-on-Sea, TN20 IRE. Online reference: A186482.

(168) Obituary, "Officer who led his Gurkhas against Chinese raiders at a beleaguered border post in Hong Kong," DT W.23.9.2015:29.*

(169) Obituary, "Geologist who contributed to Pevsner['s Buildings of England series] but had a torrid time as director of North London Polytechnic," DT Friday 30 January 2015:33.**

(170) PB 25.9.1996:1.

(171) BAR 1966:202.

(172) BGG 5.11.1966:260.

(173) PB 5.6.1996:1, 4.

(174) Brown 1970:205.

(175) Report and photograph by Noraisah Muhammed in PB R.17.2.2016:9.** One "Johnny Teo Soo Laing" received a Meritorious Service Medal in the early 1960s (BGG 12.10.1963:237).

(176) Brown 1970:199.

(177) PB Is.8.6.2015:24.

(178) BTO Su.27.9.2015. The year-end total is not yet available to the present writer.

(179) BBO 22.2.2015. Road fatalities decreased to twenty-four in 2014 compared with thirty-two in 2013.

(180) BTO Su.8.11.2015.

(181) One YD Begawan Pehin Khatib Dato Paduka Haji Awang Abdul Hamid bin Metassan was appointed Pehin Khatib on 28 May 1966 (BGG 16.6.1966:160); previously styled "Awang Haji." SLJ SMB PKL, promoted DPMB in 1989 (PB 19.7.1989:12b, here styled Begawan Pehin Khatib, which implies that he would have been post-retirement by that date). Amtgerah Baku Hijrah, awarded INI, 1 Muharram 1420 or 17 April 1999 (PB 21.4.1999:1*; PB A 5.5.1999:4); born seventy-three years earlier at Kampong Peramu, Brunei Town (PBA 5.5.1999:4), which would yield a date of birth some time during the twelve months up to April 1926.

(182) PB R.2.9.2015:21.

(183) One "Yang Arif Dato Seri Setia AH Metusin bin Haji Baki" is a Judge of the High Syariah Court (PB Sa.11.7.2015:9**).

(184) PB Sa.11.7.2015:9.

(185) Obituary, "Urbane Saudi foreign minister who shaped his country's response to turbulence in the Middle East,'" DT Sa. 11.7.2015:27.**

(186) Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (b 1956) is a Royal Saudi Air Force pilot. In June 1985 he flew aboard the US Space Shuttle mission Discovery as a payload specialist, the first royal, the first Muslim, and the first Arab to venture into outer space. Married to the daughter (Haifa bint Saud) of Prince Saud bin Faisal; three children (Wikipedia, accessed at 1203h GMT on Saturday 5 March 2016).

(187) PBA 15.8.1990:12.

(188) PB 29.11.1995:4.

(189) PB 13.1.1999:1.

(190) For example PB 29.9.1999:3.

(191) AFP, Th.9.9.2004, http://uk.news.yahoo.com.

(192) Court Circular, DTP. 13.3.2015:34; cf. BRB 2014:40-1.

(193) BGG 16.9.1952.

(194) Sarawak Association, Newsletter and Annual Report 2015 online, page 1; accessed at 1457h BST on Monday 17 August 2015.

(195) Obituary, "Officer who championed his regiment with a fierce loyalty," OTTu. 1.12.2015:33.*

(196) Swindon Advertiser online, accessed at 1205h GMT on 2 December 2015.

(197) The Royal Lancers Regimental Association website, accessed at 1203h GMT on Wednesday 2 December 2015; WW online, 2 December 2015:1207h GMT.

(198) WW online, 2 December 2015:1207h GMT.

(199) DT Th. 14.1.2016:24.

(200) Accessed at 1203h GMT on Saturday 5 March 2016.

(201) No further data are available; but this one is potentially interesting. One Tan Liang Kiat was a sawmiller in Temburong District (BAR 1968:98).

(202) www.oldhale.com. accessed 2.5.2006:1641h BST.

(203) For example, MBRAS 1999:4, No 114.

(204) JMBRAS 1990: 1:142.

(205) Online memorial to KW van Luik, accessed at 1520h GMT, W.9.3.2016.

(206) BDS 1985-1986.

(207) Obituary by Dan van der Vat, "Statesman who was the first postwar president of unified Germany," The Guardian online, Monday 2 February 2015, accessed at 1132h GMT on Saturday 6 February 2016. See also, "The Liberator" in The Economist (online), 3 February 2015, accessed at 1133h on 6 February 2016.

(208) WW 1998:2043.

(209) PB Is. 16.2.2015:6.**

(210) In order to avoid an endless list of abbreviations, only the more unusual or idiosyncratic ones are notified here. For others, try previous editions of the Borneo Research Bulletin, such as BRB 2012:58-9, BRB 2013: 37-8, and BRB 2014:44.

AVM Horton

Bordesley, Worcestershire, UK
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Title Annotation:MEMORIALS
Author:Horton, A.V.M.
Publication:Borneo Research Bulletin
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Jan 1, 2015
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