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Navy deaths and injuries in off-duty mishaps.

This study of off-duty mishaps (recreation, athletic and home) is based on data from FY94 to FY04 and follows two other studies ordered by Commander, Naval Safety Center, RADM Dick Brooks. "Reducing Maintainer Deaths and Injuries" in the spring 2004 issue of Mech magazine detailed the findings of a study that centered on aviation ratings only. Meanwhile, "Navy Deaths and Injuries on our Roads" in the winter 2004-05 issue of Sea&Shore detailed the findings of a study that focused on PMV mishaps among all ratings.

In this latest story, you'll find a listing of off-duty casualties by individual rates, a summary by ratings, a summary ordered from highest to lowest mishap rate, and a summary from highest to lowest death rate, and a listing of deaths regardless of population. Senior rates showed up more frequently in off-duty mishaps: 7 of 20 death rates were E-6 or above, and 4 of 20 mishap rates were E-6 or above. Rates with fewer than 150 people were excluded to ensure a fair and statistically significant sample.

The average off-duty mishap rate for all ratings was 99.59, and the average death rate was 6.49. Ten rates were three times or greater than the average mishap rate (high of 491.80). Ten rates were two times or greater than the average death rate (high of 36.76).

[Note: Asterisks indicate rates in the top-20 from the PMV study.--Ed.]

These 20 rates (4.2 percent of all rates) accounted for 14.1 percent of all deaths. The top-50 rates (10.5 percent of all rates) accounted for 38 percent of all deaths.

These 20 rates (4.2 percent of all rates) accounted for 4.7 percent of all injuries/deaths. The top-50 (10.5 percent of all rates) accounted for 19.1 percent of all injuries/deaths.

The people who are "high risk" in both (PMV and off-duty) lists may need immediate leadership attention. We don't know specific causes for the higher rates, but here are several intervention strategies worthy of consideration:

* Discuss possible reasons for abnormally high rates.

* Review work schedule and fatigue issues.

* Present quarterly off-duty (recreation/athletic/ home) training, with focus on PPE and mishap prevention, or drive-safe training for PMV. During long weekends (holidays) and pre-/post-deployments and when visiting foreign ports, conduct ORM training.
Top-20 Rates (death rates--mishap and
death rates are per 100,000 people, per year):

Rate Pop Deaths Death

SWCN 166 3 180.72
UTCN 252 2 79.37
STGSN 266 2 75.19
DCFN* 183 1 54.64
FCCS 191 1 52.36
ICFN* 391 2 51.15
FT3 215 1 46.51
YNCS 231 1 43.29
OSCS 234 1 42.74
YNSN 473 2 42.28
TM3 243 1 41.15
BMC 244 1 40.98
AZAN* 258 1 38.76
DKSN 258 1 38.76
MMCM 264 1 37.88
DK2 588 2 34.01
BU2 602 2 33.22
GSMC 302 1 33.11
BUCN 605 2 33.06
AZ1 672 2 29.76

Top-10 Rates (deaths regardless of population - No.
10 spot is tied with 3 deaths each: AT3, BM1, CS3*,
EM3*, ET3*, FC2, MM1, MM2*, MMC, SK1, and SWCN)

Rate Pop Deaths Mishap Rate Death Rate

AN* 14,108 10 75.84 7.09
SN* 13,299 10 123.32 7.52
AT2 3,338 6 1.86 17.97
IT2 4,234 6 87.39 14.17
HN 6,595 5 40.94 7.58
AOAN 2,046 4 117.30 19.55
ATAN 2,034 4 68.83 19.67
FN* 5,365 4 124.88 7.46
MM3* 5,330 4 121.95 7.50

Top-10 Ratings (deaths regardless of population)

Rate Pop Deaths Mishap Rate Death Rate

MM* 18,327 15 109.13 8.18
AT* 11,657 14 91.79 12.01
IT* 10,966 13 111.25 11.85
AN 14,108 10 75.84 7.09
HM* 24,391 10 47.97 4.10
SN* 13,299 10 123.32 7.52
EM* 9,395 9 110.70 9.58
ET* 16,207 8 110.45 4.94
YN 7,549 8 128.49 10.60
AO 8,119 7 99.77 8.62

Top-20 Rates (mishap rates):

Rate Pop Inj/Deaths Mishap

DCFN* 183 9 491.80
MR3* 172 7 406.98
BMC 244 9 368.85
TM2 218 8 366.97
DC3 850 31 364.71
GMSN* 308 11 357.14
TM3 243 8 329.22
ICC 158 5 316.46
SWCN 166 5 301.20
ENFN* 372 11 295.70
AW3* 380 11 289.47
STGSN 266 7 263.16
OS3 1,681 42 249.85
GSEC 204 5 245.10
TM1 250 6 240.00
OSSN* 1,253 30 239.43
UTCN 252 6 238.10
STG3* 800 19 237.50
AZAN* 258 6 232.56
FT3 215 5 232.56

Top-10 Ratings (mishap rate) Top-10 Ratings (death rate)

 Mishap

Rating Pop Rate

TM 899 300.33
DC* 3,490 223.50
STG 3,537 197.91
QM 3,894 190.04
HT* 3,899 171.84
BM 7,062 164.26
GM 4,466 158.98
OS 9,163 157.15
EN* 5,663 155.39
MR* 1,173 153.45

 Death

Rating Pop Rate

SW* 816 36.76
UT* 1,018 19.65
STG 3,537 16.96
DK 1,829 16.40
BU* 2,517 15.89
FT 1,417 14.11
AT 11,657 12.01
AZ 3,373 11.86
IT 10,966 11.85
STS 2,546 11.78
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Author:Steber, Dan
Publication:Sea&Shore
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jun 22, 2005
Words:929
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