The U.S. legislature is bicameral, consisting of a lower house (the House of Representatives) and an upper house (the Senate). Members of both houses are elected using a plurality system with single member districts (First Past the Post or FPTP).
The House of Representatives (the House, Congress, or HoR) has 435 voting members elected to two-year terms. Following a census every ten years, these seats are apportioned according to population among the 50 states. There are additional delegates with limited rights from the U.S. territories and District of Columbia.
The Senate has two members elected from each U.S. state. Terms are staggered such that one-third of the Senate is elected every two years. No more than one Senator is elected from any state in a given year.
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|Title Annotation:||U.S. Electoral Systems|
|Date:||Oct 1, 2008|
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