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National assessment provides thumbs down.

"The latest eighth-grade U.S. history, civics, and geography results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress--the so-called Nation's Report Card--have been released and, as usual, things seem bleak: only 18% of students scored proficient in U.S. history, 23% in civics, and 27% in geography.

"These kinds of results, however, should be taken with a few salt grains because we can't see the full tests, and the setting of proficiency levels can be a bit arbitrary. Also, we don't... Oh, the heck with all that. As a fan of school choice, just tell me if private schools did better," says Neal McCluskey, director of the Center For Educational Freedom at the Cato Institute, Washington, D.C.

Based on the raw data, they did: 31% of private school students were proficient in U.S. history, versus 17% of public schoolers; 38% were proficient in civics, versus 22% of public school kids; and 44% were proficient in geography, versus 25 percent of public school kids. 'That said, to really know which broad swath of schools did better--and from a parent's perspective, it is really only the individual schools from which they might choose that matter--you would have to control for all sorts of characteristics of their students. From what I've seen, what was just released didn't do that. Thankfully, others have.

"What have they found? Controlling for various student characteristics and other factors, private schools beat traditional publics in terms of political knowledge, voluntarism in communities, and other socially desirable outcomes. Why?

"There may be many possible reasons, but at least one seems to be intimately connected to choice: autonomous schools select their own curricula, and families willingly accept it when they choose the schools. That means chosen schools can more easily teach coherent U.S. history and civics than can public schools, which often face serious pressures to teach lowest-common-denominator pabulum lest conflict break out among ideologically and politically diverse people. Perhaps ironically--though not if you understand how a free society works--by not being public, private schools may actually serve the public better.

"So no," he asserts, "you can't conclude a lot from the latest NAEP scores, but that doesn't mean they can't point you in the right direction."

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Title Annotation:Education; National Assessment of Educational Progress
Publication:USA Today (Magazine)
Date:Aug 1, 2015
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