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National Crime Victimization Survey. (Crime Data).

According to the U.S. Department of Justice's National Crime Victimization Survey, Americans experienced about 1 million fewer violent crimes in 2000 than they did in 1999. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), which conducts the survey, noted that the violent and property crime victimization rates were at their lowest since the survey began in 1973. The 2000 victimization level continues a downward trend in the number of violent victimizations that began in 1994.

Almost every demographic group identified in the survey--including males, females, whites, blacks, Hispanics, non-Hispanics, and 12-to 14-year-olds-experienced less violent crime in 2000 than they did during 1999. The largest rate decreases between 1993 and 2000 were for Hispanics (down an average 5.7 percent per year) and males (down an average annual 4.6 percent). Western and Midwestern residents were violence victims at rates that were higher than for Northeastern and Southern residents.

Most violent crime victims (67 percent) did not face an armed offender during 2000. Rape and sexual assault victims were the least likely to be threatened or harmed by an armed offender (6 percent), while criminals used a weapon in 55 percent of the robberies, including 26 percent with a firearm, 14 percent with a knife, and 13 percent with another type of weapon. In 3 percent of the victimization incidents, the type of weapon was not ascertained.

Forty-eight percent of the violent victimizations and 36 percent of the property crimes were reported to law enforcement. Historically, victims most commonly do not report crime because they feel the offense was a private or personal matter or the offender was unsuccessful or the stolen property was recovered.

The report, Criminal Victimization 2000, Changes 1993-2000 (NCJ 187007), by BJS statistician Callie Marie Rennison, may be obtained from the BJS clearinghouse at 1-800-732-3277 or from the BJS Web site at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs.
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Publication:The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Apr 1, 2002
Words:310
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