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Research from the University of Glasgow outlines how engineers have developed nano-scale plasmonic colour filters that display different colours depending on the orientation of the light which hits it.

This technique allows the "printing" of two different but exceptionally detailed full-colour images within the same surface area using "structural colour" techniques - something which has never been done before.

Instead of relying on dyes and pigments, as in traditional printing, structural colour uses specially structured nanomaterials to render colours. The nanomaterials allow for much higher-resolution prints which do not fade over time. A typical printed image in a magazine might consist of around 300 coloured dots per square inch of page (300dpi). A page "printed" with structural colour techniques, however, could reach a resolution of 100,000dpi or more.

The breakthrough comes from including an additional nanoscale element in the structural colour process, created at the University's James Watt Nanofabrication Centre.

Biomedical engineering lecturer Dr Alasdair Clark said: "We've discovered that if we make colour pixels from tiny cross-shaped indents on a strip of aluminium film, the colour they display becomes polarisation-dependent, allowing us to encode two colours into a single pixel, and then select which colour is displayed by shining different polarisations of light at the surface. By changing the size and shape of the nanoscale indent, we can create a wide range of different colours at very high resolutions."

The team, from the university's School of Engineering, have demonstrated their technique with several examples, including a nanoscale image which shows the university's crest when the light reaches it in one orientation, and an image of the university tower when the orientation of the light is reversed.

"There are a lot of potential applications for our plasmonic colour technology, which we're really excited about. It is ideal for long-term data archival due to its ultra-high resolution, and because the colours won't fade even when exposed long-term to the harshest sunlight. We've worked out that we could store 1.46GB per square centimetre, so a single A4 sheet could hold more than 900GB of data," added Clark.

"Secondly, the process to produce the plasmonic colours is difficult to replicate without access to dedicated facilities, so it could be ideal for creating a new kind of anti-counterfeiting material for banknotes. Lastly, it offers the possibility of developing new types of colour filters for digital photography."

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Title Annotation:DESIGN IDEAS
Publication:Environmental Engineering
Date:Oct 1, 2017
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