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Multivisceral Hydatidosis in a 5-Year-Old Boy.

Hydatid disease (HD) is an important medical, social, and economic problem in many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern countries. (1) The incidence of chirurgical HD in Tunisia is 15 cases per 100000 population per year. (2) Multivisceral HD has been reported in adults. However, this disease is extremely rare in children. (3,4) Surgical treatment of multivisceral sites usually requires simultaneous or successive surgical interventions, leading to an increased risk of complications. (5) To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of multivisceral hydatidosis with the involvement of both lungs, liver, and kidney in a child. Written informed consent was obtained from the legal guardian of the patient to publish this case and accompanying images in scientific journals for research and educational purposes.

In December 2016, a 5-year-old boy presented to the emergency department (Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia) with complaints of cough, fever, and abdominal pain of around 15 days' duration. The patient lived in a rural area with exposure to animals. On examination, he had a temperature of 38.5 [degrees]C, respiratory rate of 16 breaths/min, heart rate of 88 beats/min, and arterial blood pressure of 100/60 mm Hg. Cardiopulmonary auscultation was normal. Abdominal examination revealed no hepatomegaly or splenomegaly. Chest X-ray showed bilateral lung opacities (figure 1). Computed tomography scan showed large, cystic, multilocular lesions in both lungs, liver, and left kidney (figure 2). Hydatid serology (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]) was positive. The patient underwent 2-stage surgery of the lung hydatid cysts. Albendazole (GlaxoSmithKline, England) therapy was started 15 days before the first surgery and was continued postoperatively. A 3-month follow-up visit revealed a healthy and asymptomatic boy. The liver hydatid cyst excision will be performed on March 5th, 2018.

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

Please cite this article as: Zouari M, Abdallah AKB, Ammar S, Mhiri R. Multivisceral Hydatidosis in a 5-Year-Old Boy. Iran J Med Sci. 2018;43(3):340-341.

References

(1.) Santivanez S, Garcia HH. Pulmonary cystic echinococcosis. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2010;16:257-61. doi: 10.1097/MCP.0b013e3283386282. PubMed PMID: 20216420; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC3362862.

(2.) Oudni-M'Rad M, M'Rad S, Gorcii M, Mekki M, Belguith M, Harrabi I, et al. [Cystic echinococcosis in children in Tunisia: fertility and case distribution of hydatid cysts]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2007;100:10-3. PubMed PMID: 17402685.

(3.) Grozavu C, Ilias M, Pantile D. Multivisceral echinococcosis: concept, diagnosis, management. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2014;109:758-68. PubMed PMID: 25560498.

(4.) Cevik M, Boleken ME, Kurkcuoglu IC, Eser I, Dorterler ME. Pulmonary hydatid disease is difficult recognized in children. Pediatr Surg Int. 2014;30:737-41. doi: 10.1007/s00383-014-3514-x. PubMed PMID: 24842601.

(5.) Popa GL, Tanase I, Popa CA, Mastalier B, Popa MI, Cretu CM. Medical and surgical management of a rare and complicated case of multivisceral hydatidosis; 18 years of evolution. New Microbiol. 2014;37:387-91. PubMed PMID: 25180855

Mohamed Zouari, MD; Ahmed Khalil Ben Abdallah, MD; Saloua Ammar, MD; Riadh Mhiri, MD

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia

Correspondence: Mohamed Zouari, MD; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia

Tel: +21 697459586

Email: zouarimohamed.1982@yahoo.fr

Received: 15 Novembrer 2017

Revised: 22 January 2018

Accepted: 4 February 2018
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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Photo Clinic
Author:Zouari, Mohamed; Abdallah, Ahmed Khalil Ben; Ammar, Saloua; Mhiri, Riadh
Publication:Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Article Type:Case study
Date:May 1, 2018
Words:533
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