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More protections for workers. (Statestats).

As the nation becomes more diverse, employers are faced with a workforce of different races, colors, religions, nationalities, ages and physical abilities. Federal laws beginning in the 1960s protect workers from sexual, race, age and physical disability discrimination. And all but two states have their own laws shielding workers.

States have started to protect workers with more specific differences. Eleven states include sexual orientation among protections, and 12 more introduced such legislation in 2002. Nineteen states shelter workers based on marital status, and 28 safeguard pregnant workers.

Some states have even stricter criteria defending employees with HIV and criminal records and those who use tobacco off-duty.
DISCRIMINATION EXPRESSLY FORBIDDEN IN HIRING AND EMPLOYMENT


Alaska Parenthood
Connecticut Learning disability; previous arrest or
 conviction
District of Columbia Matriculation; personal appearance; family
 responsibilities; political affiliation
Hawaii Arrest and conviction records
Illinois Citizenship; military service; arrest
 and conviction status
Maine Past workers' compensation claim
Michigan Height, weight; arrest record
Missouri Off duty tobacco use
New Jersey Military service
New York Arrest and conviction records
Pennsylvania High school equivalency certificate;
 opposition to abortion or sterilization
Oregon Expunged juvenile records; violations of
 state health code; testified before a
 legislative assembly
Puerto Rico Political beliefs; socio/economic
 background; social position
South Dakota Off duty use of tobacco products
Vermont Place of birth
Washington Arrest and conviction records
Wisconsin Arrest and conviction records; military
 service
Wyoming Off duty use of tobacco products

PROHIBITED REASONS FOR DISCRIMINATION

STATES Ancestry Disability Status Sexual
 Orientation

Alabama
Alaska X X X
Arizona X
Arkansas X
California X X X X
Colorado X X
Connecticut X X X X
Delaware X X
District of Columbia X X X
Florida X X
Georgia X
Hawaii X X X X
Idaho X
Illinois X X X
Indiana X X
Iowa X
Kansas X X
Kentucky X
Louisiana X
Maine X X
Maryland X X X
Massachusetts X X X
Michigan X X X
Minnesota X X X X
Mississippi
Missouri X X
Montana X X
Nebraska X X
Nevada X X
New Hampshire X X
New Jersey X X X X
New Mexico X X
New York X X X
North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Ohio X X
Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania X X
Puerto Rico X X
Rhode Island X X
South Carolina X X
South Dakota X X
Tennessee X X
Texas X
Utah X
Vermont X X X
Virginia X X
Virgin Islands X
Washington X X X
West Virginia X
Wisconsin X X X
Wyoming X X

STATES Pregnancy Genetics


Alabama
Alaska X
Arizona X
Arkansas X
California X X
Colorado X
Connecticut X X
Delaware X
District of Columbia X
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii X
Idaho
Illinois X X
Indiana
Iowa X X
Kansas X
Kentucky X
Louisiana X X
Maine X
Maryland X X
Massachusetts X X
Michigan X
Minnesota X X
Mississippi
Missouri X
Montana X
Nebraska X X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X
New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X X
North Carolina X
North Dakota
Ohio X
Oklahoma X
Oregon X X
Pennsylvania X
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island X X
South Carolina
South Dakota X
Tennessee
Texas X X
Utah X
Vermont X
Virginia
Virgin Islands X
Washington X
West Virginia X
Wisconsin X X
Wyoming

Source: NCSL
COPYRIGHT 2002 National Conference of State Legislatures
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2002, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
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Publication:State Legislatures
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2002
Words:545
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