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More lessons from a master teacher.


Vegetable Prints: "Repeated motifs and designs"


* found objects such as buttons,

clothespins, bottle caps, corks * cut vegetables and fruits * carved potato halves * assorted colors of tempera paint,

mixed thickly, or water-based

printing ink * paint brushes (#4) * water containers * paper towels * colored construction paper * paring knives to cut potato

designs and half fruits and

vegetables * box of 25 oil pastels * classroom space to allow the

prints to dry * newspapers * brayer * clay

Points to emphasize

1. Cut a bold, simple cut-out shape

on a potato half. 2. Negative spaces in the potato half

should have visual interest or

emphasis. 3. Use water-based printing ink,

rolled out with a brayer, or paint

thickly with tempera. 4. Practice prints of the fruits,

vegetables and found objects on a

separate piece of paper before

printing. 5. Develop a definite repeat pattern

using some of the objects. 6. Overlap some impressions. 7. Repeat various colors of

impressions throughout the

composition. Use white and black

tempera for contrast. 8. Use oil pastels to cover certain

negative spaces of the

impressions to heighten the contrast. 9. Allow some of the background

construction paper to show

through for unity of the prints. 10. Make clay stamps using found

objects to impress the clay. Let

the clay stamps dry. There is no

need to fire them in a kiln.

Glue line prints: "Fish under the sea"


* bottles of white liquid glue with

nozzles * cardboard, preferably shiny poster

board, gift boxes or chipboard * water-based printing ink (black or

brown) * soft rubber brayers * inking platen (formica, masonite) * newsprint * pencils * aluminum foil (heavy duty) * masking tape * various colors of commercial

patinas such as Rub 'n Buf * India ink * steel wool (fine) * carbon paper * newspapers * photographs of fish and undersea life

The preliminary sketch: points to emphasize

1. Minimize details. 2. Emphasize strong, linear

composition. 3. Create avenues into the

composition. 4. Overlap certain shapes to create

space and depth. 5. Contrast large shapes with

smaller ones, busy and quiet areas. 6. Vary the thickness of the lines. 7. Accent one large motif enriching

it with accompanying sea life.

The print: points to emphasize

1. Use carbon paper to transfer the

sketch to the cardboard plate. 2. Control the flow and pressure of

glue from the nozzle. 3. Vary the thickness of the glue

lines. Avoid blobs of glue at

intersecting lines. All the glue lines

must dry before applying

intersecting lines. 4. Allow the glue lines to

thoroughly dry before inking the plate. 5. Roll out the ink on a platen until

tacky; apply it to the plate with a

brayer. 6. Thoroughly cover the plate with

water-based printing ink. 7. Place the newsprint over the plate

and rub gently but firmly with

the fingers and hands to attain

good print. 8. Remove the newsprint gently

from the plate and place in an

area to dry. 9. Designate separate areas of the

classroom space for inking the

plate, for pulling the print, and

for drying the prints. 10. Cover the plate with aluminum

foil after printing. Press the

aluminum foil into the crevices with

the fingers and hands. 11. Coat the aluminum foil with India

ink and allow to dry. 12. Using a dull pencil impress

textural marks into the surface of the

plate, making many dots, wiggly

lines, circles, etc., to create

pattern. 13. Burnish the India ink off the

aluminum foil using fine steel wool.

Leave ink in the crevices of the

plate to enrich the pattern marks.

PHOTO : Student embellishing a print with oil pastels (above). Vegetable print with oil pastel

PHOTO : embellishment, intermediate grade student (right).

PHOTO : Fish Under the Sea, glue line print, high school student.
COPYRIGHT 1989 Davis Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1989, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
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Title Annotation:Frank Wachowiak
Author:Morris, Jimmy
Publication:School Arts
Date:Nov 1, 1989
Previous Article:Virginia Beach City public schools.
Next Article:Lets talk turkey!

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