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Millipeds (Arthropoda: Diplopoda) of the Ark-La-Tex. v. new distribution records for select taxa in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Over the past decade or more, increased interests in distributions of millipeds of Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas have appeared in the literature (McAllister et al., 2002a, 2002b, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2009; McAllister and Shelley 2003, 2005a, 2005b, 2008; Shelley and McAllister 2006, 2007; Shelley et al., 2003, 2004, 2005a, 2005b, 2006; McAllister and Robison, 2009). Herein, we provide two state records for introduced julids from Texas as well as 21 county records for other taxa from Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.

During October 2002-November 2009, we followed techniques of McAllister and Robison (2009) in collecting millipeds from sites in Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Specimens were placed in vials containing 70% ethanol and, following preliminary identification, shipped to R. M. Shelley at the North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences, Raleigh, for verification of identifications and deposition of vouchers. Below, taxonomy is in phylogenetic order according to Shelley (2003a).

Julida: Blaniulidae: Virgoiulus minutus (Brandt). Arkansas: Ouachita County, Poison Spring Battleground Historical Monument off State Highway 76 (33.638775[degrees]N, 93.005791[degrees]W), 2 December 2008. This species has been reported from Baxter, Bradley, Calhoun, Clark, Craighead, Drew, Hempstead, Lafayette, Lincoln, Logan, Miller, Nevada, Polk, Pope, Pulaski, Scott, Sevier, and Washington counties (McAllister et al., 2002b, 2003, 2005). We document a county record for V. minutus in southern Arkansas; specimen was collected under decaying bark of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda).

Julida: Julidae: Brachyiulus lusitanus (Verhoeff). Texas: Bowie County, Liberty Eylau off County Road 1370 on Lonnie Lane (33.374611[degrees]N, 94.078224[degrees]W), male, 24 January 2003, 2 males, 3 females, 11 March 2003. Type locality of B. lusitanus is Portugal and is an introduced species known from the Mediterranean and Caucasus regions, Madeira, the Azores, and Canary Islands (Hoffman, 1999). This milliped is known from North America in Arkansas (McAllister et al., 2003), California (Reeves, 2000; Shelley, 2003b), and North Carolina (Shelley, 2000). Herein, we document a state record for B. lusitanus.

Julida: Julidae: Brachyiulus pusillus (Leach). Texas: Bowie County, Bringle Lake, off FM 1397 (33.508838[degrees]N, 94.099360[degrees]W), 2 males, 2 females, 14 March 2004. The species is native to western Europe and its offshore islands, and has been introduced into Easter Island, Saint Helena, Argentina, and South Africa (Blower, 1985; Hoffman, 1999). This introduced milliped has been reported in North America from Arkansas (McAllister et al., 2003), Louisiana (Walls, 2004; M. L. Gimmell, http://entomology.lsu/edu/ lsam/ladiplopoda.htm), New York (Bailey, 1928), Ohio (Williams and Hefner, 1928), and four provinces of Canada (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec; Shelley, 1988, 2002). Some of these records could represent misidentifications of B. lusitanus (Hoffman, 1999). Because specimens did not possess the fringed lamella typical of B. lusitanus, we report B. pusillus from Texas for the first time.

Julida: Parajulidae: Aliulus caddoensis Causey. Arkansas: Sevier County, Jefferson Ridge Campground, Dierks Lake (35.201050[degrees]N, 91. 831833[degrees]W), male, 16 November 2003. Scott County, Waldron (34.898432[degrees]N, 94.090763[degrees]W), 2 males, 6 January 2006. Oklahoma: McCurtain County, Beaver's Bend State Park off State Highway 259A (34.130208[degrees]N, 94.679060[degrees]W), 2 males, 2 females, 7 February 2004, male, female, 5 juveniles, 4 November 2004. Murray County, Turner Falls Park off U.S. 77 (34.425673[degrees]N, 97.153301[degrees]W), 2 males, 6 November 2005. In Arkansas, this milliped was known from Dallas, Howard, Pike, Polk, and Sebastian counties (Causey, 1950, 1953; McAllister et al., 2003). In Oklahoma, A. caddoensis has been reported from Caddo and LeFlore counties (Causey, 1950; McAllister and Shelley, 2003) and we document four county records for A. caddoensis. As noted by McAllister et al. (2003) and reiterated here, there is little morphological difference between A. caddoensis and Aliulus carrollus Causey, and the two species may be synonymous, with A. carrollus having taxonomic priority.

Spirobolida: Spirobolidae: Narceus americanus (Palisot de Beauvois). Arkansas: Desha County, 0.4 km N Masonville off State Highway 159 (33.596891[degrees]N, 91.418266[degrees]W), 12 November 2005. Izard County, 4.8 km SE Melbourne off State Highway 9 (36.033692[degrees]N, 91.945782[degrees]W), 22 April 2005. Lincoln County, 0.4 km NE Cornerville off State Highway 11 (33.845754[degrees]N, 91.929302[degrees]W), juvenile, 11 November 2005. Pike County, Glenwood (34.326765[degrees]N, 93.550743[degrees]W), 31 July 2007. Scott County, Waldron (34.897706[degrees]N, 94.092193[degrees]W), 12 May 2008. This large cylindrical milliped (N. americanus-annularis complex) is expected statewide in Arkansas and has been reported from 26 of 75 counties (McAllister et al., 2002a, 2003; Shelley et al., 2006). We document five county records for N. americanus in the Gulf coastal plain and the Ozark and Ouachita mountains.

Callipodida: Abacionidae: Abacion tesselatum Rafinesque. Arkansas: White County, 0.8 km W Denmark off State Highway 87 (35.485502[degrees]N, 91.577504[degrees]W), male, 5 November 2009. Three species of Abacion occur in Arkansas; A. tesselatum, A. texense (Loomis), and A. wilhelminae Shelley, McAllister, and Hollis (Shelley et al., 2003). Abacion tesselatum has been reported from Benton, Cleburne, Cross, Jefferson, Polk, Pulaski, and Stone counties (Shelley, 1984; McAllister et al., 2002a, 2003; Shelley et al., 2003). Our specimen was collected under a rock at an abandoned homestead; the site is on the eastern boundary of the Interior Highlands.

Chordeumatida: Cleidogonidae: Cleidogona bacillipus (Chamberlin and Mulaik). Texas: Bandera County, Lost Maples State Natural Area off FM 187 (29.819722[degrees]N, 99.583056[degrees]W), female, 6 March 2004. Type locality of C. bacillipus (synonym is Rhabdarona bacillipus) is the Raven Ranch, Kerr County, Texas (Chamberlin and Muliak, 1941). This milliped also is known from other sites in the Edwards Plateau of south-central Texas, including Comal, Kendall, and Kerr-Bandera counties, and Nuevo Leon and Coahuila, Mexico (Shear, 1972). The collection site of one of these is not known but was reported to be between Kerrville and Medina (apparently off State Highway 16), somewhere along the Kerr-Bandera County line (Shear, 1972). Herein, we document extreme northwestern Bandera County as a new locality, extending the range of C. bacillipus farther westward in the United States.

Polydesmida: Eurymerodesmidae: Eurymerodesmus mundus Chamberlin. Oklahoma: Osage County, Osage Hills State Park (36.732281[degrees]N, 96.183243[degrees]W), male, 9 October 2009. In Oklahoma, E. mundus is known from 14 counties (Shelley, 1990; McAllister and Shelley, 2008); we document a county record for the north-central part of Oklahoma.

Polydesmida: Eurymerodesmidae: Eurymerodesmus newtonus Chamberlin. Arkansas: Johnson County, 4.8 km SW Oark off State Highway 103, Ozark National Forest (35.659528[degrees]N, 93.594761[degrees]W), male, 3 April 2009. This species is endemic to Arkansas and is known from Benton, Newton, and Washington counties (Shelley, 1990). In addition, Causey (1950) reported E. newtonus in Carroll County, but the specimens are lost; however, Shelley (1990) included them as a literature record. We add Johnson County to the overall range of E. newtonus.

Polydesmida: Eurymerodesmidae: Eurymerodesmus oliphantus Chamberlin. Arkansas: Fulton County, 3.2 km E Agnos off U.S. 412 (36.264068[degrees]N, 91.649666[degrees]W), male, 7 November 2009. Izard County, 1.6 km W Calico Rock off County Road 224 (36.118360[degrees]N, 92.152483[degrees]W), 2 males, female, 7 November 2009. The species has been reported in Arkansas from Independence, Jackson, and White counties (Shelley, 1990). The specimens from Izard County were collected under rocks in damp, cedar-glade habitat above bluffs overlooking the White River. We add two county records for E. oliphantus.

Polydesmida: Euryuridae: Auturus evides (Bollman). Arkansas: Johnson County, 4.8 km SW Oark off State Highway 103 (35.659528[degrees]N, 93.594761[degrees]W), male, 3 April 2009. Searcy County, 1.6 km E Harriet off State Highway 14 (35.993407[degrees]N, 92.520439[degrees]W), 8 males, 7 females, 6 November 2009. White County, 0.8 km W Denmark off State Highway 87 (35.485502[degrees]N, 91.577504[degrees]W), male, 5 November 2009. In Arkansas, A. evides has been reported from counties in the central and northern parts of the state including Benton, Cleburne, Craighead, Franklin, Fulton, Independence, Izard, Jefferson, Lawrence, Madison, Newton, Poinsett, Pulaski, Stone, and Washington (Shelley, 1982; McAllister et al., 2002b, 2003). We report three county records for A. evides.

Polydesmida: Euryuridae: Auturus louisianus louisianus (Chamberlin). Arkansas: Scott County, Harvey (34.845929[degrees]N, 93.785200[degrees]W), 3 males, 7 and 31 January 2006. This milliped has been reported in 10 counties south of the Arkansas River including Clark, Columbia, Garland, Hot Spring, Logan, Montgomery, Nevada, Pike, Polk, and Sevier (Shelley 1982; McAllister et al., 2002a, 2002b, 2003). We document a county record in the western part of the state, south of the Arkansas River.

Polydesmida: Polydesmidae: Pseudopolydesmus serratus (Say). Texas: Cass County, 1.6 km E State Highway 8 off FM 955 near Red Hill (33.123176[degrees]N, 94.357109[degrees]W), male, 29 October 2002. This milliped has been reported from northeastern Texas in Camp, Lamar, Nacogdoches, Sabine, and Smith counties (Stewart, 1969). Although this is the most common member of the genus east of the Mississippi River, along the eastern coast, and sporadically to the west including Arkansas (McAllister et al., 2003), the genus is in need of revision. We tentatively report a county record for P. serratus, pending further study.

We thank R. M. Shelley for identification of specimens and curatorial assistance, and the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, and Texas Parks and Wildlife Department for providing scientific collecting permits to CTM. We also thank R. Goddard and students at Waldron High School and D. I. Moore for assistance in collecting.

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Submitted 21 November 2009. Accepted 8 May 2011.

Associate Editor was Joseph P. Shannon.

CHRIS T. MCALLISTER * AND HENRY W. ROBISON

RapidWrite, 102 Brown Street, Hot Springs National Park, AR 71913 (CTM)

Department of Biology, Southern Arkansas University, Magnolia, AR 71754 (HWR)

Present address of CTM: Science and Mathematics Division, Eastern Oklahoma State College, 2805 NE Lincoln Road, Idabel, OK 74745

* Correspondent: cmcallister@se.edu
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Title Annotation:Notes
Author:McAllister, Chris T.; Robison, Henry W.
Publication:Southwestern Naturalist
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 1, 2011
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