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Migration/refugees at a glance.

Immigrant: one who arrives legally in the United States, usually through family connections or certain business connections.

Refugee: a person outside his or her country of origin, unable to return there because of persecution.

Migrant worker: one who travels in the United States to find work on a seasonal basis. Some are native-born. Others have legal status only for the time they work in this country.

Undocumented person: one who enters the United States illegally or overstays a legal entry visa. Estimates are that 2 million to 3 million undocumented persons reside in the United States. The Immigration and Naturalization Service reports that 163,342 immigrants were admitted legally in 1992.

Parolee in the public interest: a person allowed to legally enter the United States, but not entitled to Refugee Act benefits, such as Medicaid.

National Conference of Catholic Bishops' Migrant and Refugee Services: oldest and largest NCCB office, established as Bureau of Immigration by the National Catholic Welfare Council, formed in 1919. It functioned at Ellis Island from the 1920s onward. The office is funded by more than $37 million in government funds and more than $3.5 million in Catholic collection finds. More than 30,000 "funded" refugees are settled and more than 20,000 "nonfunded" refugees are assisted annually.

This office provides a variety of services including:

* Office of Pastoral Care of Migrants and Refugees, which directs apostolate development, evangelization, migrant farmworker ministry, National Migration Week promotion, and Apostleship of the Sea, offered at 50 U.S. ports.

* Refugee settlement, which includes matching grant programs such as English as a second language, resettlement programs for children, low-cost legal assistance and membership in the Asylum Task Force, which is part of the National Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Forum.

* NCCB policy statements, Congressional testimony and resettlement guides. For example, the Resolution on Immigration Reform (November 1985), the Statement on Principles for Legal Immigration Policy (September 1988) and the Statement on Employer Sanctions (November 1988). The office also offers "Making Room: Pastoral Planning for Newcomers," a video study guide for dioceses, and Open Arms, a quarterly bulletin for parishes.
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Title Annotation:statistics, agencies, and definitions
Author:Jones, Arthur
Publication:National Catholic Reporter
Article Type:Cover Story
Date:Sep 10, 1993
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