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Mexican Independence Day 2017 Facts.

Mexican Independence Day, or El Grito, is celebrated every year on Sept. 16 and this year it falls Saturday. A lot of people in the United States confuse Cinco de Mayo - celebrated on May 5 to mark the Mexican army's 1862 victory over France at the Battle of Puebla during the Franco-Mexican War (1861-1867) - with Mexican Independence Day. 

Mexicans from all over the world are all set to celebrate El Grito - the day when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, known as the father of Mexican independence, launched the revolution that led to Spain's departure from Mexico. This day is celebrated with parades, parties, and bell-ringing. On the eve of Sept. 16 each year, Mexico's president rings the bell of the National Palace and repeats the patriotic cry, "AaAaAeAeAaAeAeA Viva MAaAaAeA@ three times, which literally means "Long live Mexico." 

To celebrate the independence, people indulge in traditional and delicious Mexican dishes like Chiles en Nogada, Oaxacan Black Bean Soup, Pork Tinga, Tamales de Puerco and Birria de Borrego.

In honor of the day, Mexico city streets are decorated with flags, flowers, and lights matching the country's flag colors. 

There are plenty of cities in the U.S. that observe El Grito with parades, festivals, and parties, including New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, Las Vegas and Houston. This year, in Las Vegas, Jennifer Lopez, Ricky Martin, Enrique Iglesias, Carlos Santana, Marc Anthony, comedian Gabriel Iglesias among other celebrities will perform at the events that feature everything from art to celebrated Mexican cuisine.

Here a few ( fun facts about the Mexican Independence Day and ( its history:

1. In 1810, Hidalgo gave his famous Grito de Dolores, or Cry of Dolores, asking fellow Mexicans to come together to end the 300 years of Spanish rule in Mexico.

2. Hidalgo's speech was heard by thousands of Indians and mestizos, who joined Hidalgo's army and marched to Mexico city to start the war.

3. In 1821, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O'DonojAaAaAeA signed the Treaty of CAaAaAeA rd granting Mexico its independence from Spain.

4. Mexican Independence Day marks the start of the long war for independence, not the end.

5. Schools, federal buildings, and most workplaces in Mexico are closed on Sept. 16. 

Here are some ( quotes in Spanish , along with translation in English, to mark the day.

1. "Siendo contra los clamores de la naturaleza vender a los hombres, quedan abolidas las leyes"6Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (Being against the cries of nature to sell to men, the laws are abolished.)

2. "La lengua guarda al pescuezo" 6Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (The tongue holds the neck.)

3. "El indulto es para los criminales, no para los defensores de la patria" 6Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (Pardon is for the criminals, not for the defenders of the homeland.)

4. "AaAaAeAeAaAeAeA Viva la independencia! AaAaAeAeAaAeAeA Viva la AmAaAaAeA@rica! AaAaAeAeAaAeAeA Muera el mal gobierno! Hidalgo y Costilla (Live the independence! Long live America! Bad government died!)

5. "Sin importar el tamaAaAaAeA~o de la ciudad o pueblo en donde nacen l hombres o las mujeres, ellos son finalmente el tamaAaAaAeA~o de su obra, d tamaAaAaAeA~o de su voluntad de engrandecer y enriquecer a sus hermanos" 6Ignac Allende, Spanish Army's captain in Mexico who sympathized with the Mexican independence movement. (Regardless of the size of the city or town where men or women are born, they are finally the size of their work, the size of their will to enlarge and enrich their brothers.)

6. "Cuando el pueblo salta sus barreras, casi ningAaAaAeA n esfuerzo es bastan poderoso para detenerlo"6Guadalupe Victoria, the first president of the Mexican Republic. (When the people jump their barriers, almost no effort is powerful enough
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Publication:International Business Times - US ed.
Geographic Code:1MEX
Date:Sep 16, 2017
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