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Meaningful offspring.

Rearranged, the letters of a parent word may give rise to two perfectly legitimate offspring. Some parent words produce pairs of offspring which are related in meaning to each other and also, in some cases, to the parent word. MUSLINETTE hides the synonyms SILENT and MUTE; BAPTISE hides the antonyms TIP and BASE; WORTHILY hides the phrase HOLY WRIT, and so on. A selection of these cleverly-disguised parents, together with their significant pairs of offspring, is given below. Only solid, non-capitalised words are admitted. Arrow heads indicate that both the offspring appear in order (>) or in reverse order (<) in the parent. The offspring are taken from Chambers Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms (ChDSA) edited by Martin H. Manser, and Chambers Phrase File by Roger Prebble. The parent words can be found in the Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition unless specified otherwise.</p>

<pre> SYNONYMIC OFFSPRING loveage (lovage) GO - LEAVE capture CUT - PARE chainless SHIN - SCALE superates REST - PAUSE delimitate ITEM - DETAIL paltriest SPLIT - TEAR literal AIR - TELL parents NAP - REST cameralists CLAIM - ASSERT readvise AID - SERVE charades RACE - DASH spikenel (spignel, a plant) PEEL - SKIN batterings START - BEGIN threnodial RETAIN - HOLD treescape PEACE - REST wycari (vicary n. = vicar) < ICY - < RAW searching SINGE - CHAR milometers REMOTE - SLIM reconsale (recounsel) NEAR - CLOSE recasting TRACE - SIGN defrayed DARE - DEFY prestation SPIN - ROTATE cultist CUT - SLIT bootstrap ABORT - STOP calchedonie (chalcedony) HIDE - CONCEAL regratiate GEAR - ATTIRE pounced CON - DUPE whirlicote (a coach, carriage) COIL - WRITHE flocoon (a tuft of wool, flake of snow etc) FOOL - CON parachutes ACUTE > - < SHARP </pre> <p>You could say that 'defeated' is a FEAT in DEED!

Some words have several synonyms, or near synonyms. Here is CLOSE with 3 of its synonyms.</p> <pre> scorable CLOSE - BAR enclosed CLOSE - END touchless CLOSE - SHUT </pre> <p>Note that, in 'enclosed', CLOSE is enclosed in END.

ANTONYMIC OFFSPRING

Previous attempts at merging and rearranging the letters of pairs of antonyms have resulted largely in coined phrases (Hidden Opposites by Mary Youngquist 73012; More Hidden Opposites by R. Robinson Rowe 73120). Harmonious Opposites (74217) by Dmitri Borgmann, however, included the letter rearrangement of 16 good antonyms to make single, solid words: daze A - ZED; nosey NO - YES; radon AND - OR; Albert LET - BAR: germal ARM - LEG: Lowden OLD - NEW; lewison WIN - LOSE; overmen MORN - EVE: befriend BIND - FREE. doweling LONG - WIDE; foldouts LOUD - SOFT; genderer RED - GREEN; oversaid SOAR - DIVE: Parkdale PALE - DARK; wardlike WALK - RIDE; counterseals EARL - COUNTESS.

Here are further examples:</p> <pre> estoures (wars) STORE - USE dewtry (the thorn apple) WET - DRY facinerose (facinorous) COARSE - FINE anadems (garlands) SANE - MAD morseles MORE - LESS afterpieces STRIFE - PEACE proposure SUPER - POOR arbusterol (Webster's Second Ed.) LABOUR - REST teleplayers SLEEPY - ALERT araise SEA - AIR entervieus (interviews) SEVER - UNITE destructible SUBTLE - DIRECT procreatress SCRAP - RESTORE dioramist MOIST - ARID bulleys < SELL - BUY > benigned BEGIN - END ungoodly OLD - YOUNG onwarde RAW - DONE contrepese SECRET - OPEN poplared LEAP - DROP regerminate TEEMING - RARE palaverist SPARE - VITAL trouping POUT - GRIN sandale (sandal) SEA - LAND prenational (Webster's Second Ed.) ORNATE - PLAIN stoutened OUTSET - END unsewed USED > - NEW > modistry MOIST > - DRY > idromancers (hydromancers) SCORN - ADMIRE faillers (failures) RISE - FALL lowned (calmed) OLD - NEW gassier SAG - RISE savonettes (soap balls) VETO - ASSENT trampolines STAPLE - MINOR panderesses (female procurers) SPARSE - DENSE persuades SPARE - USED plumosite (a mineral) POUT - SMILE crowlings (a nonce word in OED) SCOWL - GRIN gimballs SMALL - BIG multilayers SILLY - MATURE harllotts (harlots) SHORT - TALL </pre> <p>In ChDSA, CALM is listed as an antonym for 70+ words including anxious, boisterous, cross, distraught, excitable, frenetic, gusty, hysterical, incense, jittery, livid, madden, nervous, obstreperous, pandemonium, restless, storm, tense, uptight, vex and wild. Here are 3 more.</p> <pre> crotalum (ancient Greek castanet) ROUT - CALM marlaceous (resembling marl) AROUSE - CALM caulomers (Webster's Second Ed.) ROUSE - CALM </pre> <p>To add to the confusion HOT and COLD, 2 of the antonyms of TEPID, are themselves antonyms!

OFFSPRING LINKED BY 'AND'

Many pairs of words are linked by 'and' to make a familiar phrase. Some of the word pairs are synonyrnic: HOT and SPICY, DEAD and GONE, OVER and ABOVE, BITS and PIECES. Some are antonytnic: HOME and AWAY, HEEL and TOE, TOING and FROING, NOW and THEN. Some do not fall into either of these categories: TOUCH and GO, BLOOD and THUNDER, WINE and CHEESE. The following include examples of all three types.</p> <pre> skillets KISS and TELL sweatie (sweaty) WAIT and SEE orchestra HORSE and CART UP and OVER pinken PEN > and INK > pilotships SPIT and POLISH inshore SON and HEIR garagistes (garage owners) GAS and GAITERS prouve (prove) UP and OVER imaginate TIME and AGAIN cropon (= croupon, the croup rump of an animal) PRO and CON greably (agreeably) BY and LARGE humest (uppermost) THEM and US nigit (= nidget, an idiot, a fool) < GIN and IT > noticing GIN and TONIC sermonettino (a diminutive sermon) MORTISE and TENON (Cham. Dic.) </pre> <p>The second of a pair of offspring linked by 'and' can be a repetition of the first offspring plus extra letters: OUT and ABOUT, YOU and YOURS, DOS and DONTS. In other cases the two offspring are identical as in AGAIN and AGAIN. This tautology is sometimes used as a means of emphasis.</p> <pre> noon < ON and ON > toutou (a nursery name for a lap-dog) OUT and OUT soos (dialectic call to pigs) SO > and < SO </pre> <p>As in 'enclosed', some parents hide their offspring one inside the other.</p> <pre> doubling (a term in weaving - Webster's Second Ed.) UP and DOING </pre> <p>HAPPY FAMILIES

These offspring are 2-word phrases. As a phrase, each can be linked, albeit sometimes tenuously, to the parent. For example, we all know that 'modeling' is a GOLD MINE.</p> <pre> engroove GONE OVER measured (Enavlicm, Newark Puzzler June 1908) MADE SURE testable SEAT BELT divorcee ICED OVER conifer FIR CONE terminal TRAM LINE steamer SEA TERM lineated DATE LINE avengers NERVE GAS macerate CREAM TEA bordello DOOR BELL waterers SEWER RAT tunicked TUCKED > < IN cloudier CRUDE OIL stampedes (BeauNed. Enigma Feb. 1937) MADE STEPS </pre> <p>The reader might like to look for parent words which hide names. Here are 3 to start you off.</p> <pre> costumier TOM CRUISE railophones SOPHIA LOREN narcoleptic ERIC CLAPTON </pre> <p>SUSAN THORPE

Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England

thorpeds@hotmail.com
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Author:Thorpe, Susan
Publication:Word Ways
Date:Feb 1, 2006
Words:1046
Previous Article:"Did you just make that up?" Puns in everyday conversation.
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