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Massage, myotherapy and Other bodywork.

Profile of osteopathic practice in Spain: results from a standardized data collection study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2018.18:129. https://doi.Org/10.1186/s12906-018-2190-0

Background: There is limited research regarding patients' profiles and consumer attitudes and habits of osteopathy in Spain. The purpose of this study was to profile patients who regularly receive osteopathic care in Spain using an internationally developed standardized data collection tool.

Method: During the period between April 2014 and December 2015, a UK-developed standardized data collection tool was distributed to Spanish osteopaths who voluntarily agreed to participate in this cross-sectional study.

Results: Thirty-six osteopaths participated in this study and returned a total of 314 completed datasets. Of 314 patients, 61% were women and 39% were men, with a mean age of 40 years (SD 17.02 years, range 0 to 83 years). Forty-four percent were full-time salaried workers, and in 78% of cases, receiving osteopathic treatment was the patient's own choice. Chronic spinal pain presentations were the most frequent reasons for consultation. Seventy-five percent of patients presented with a coexisting condition, mainly gastrointestinal disorders and headaches. The main treatment approach consisted of mobilization techniques, followed by soft tissue, cranial and high velocity thrust techniques. Improvement or resolution of the complaint was experienced by 93% of patients after a small number of sessions. Adverse events were minor and occurred in 7% of all cases.

Conclusion: This is the first study carried out in Spain analyzing the profile of patients who receive osteopathic care. The typical patient who receives osteopathic care in Spain is middle-aged, presents mainly with chronic spinal pain, and voluntarily seeks osteopathic treatment. Osteopathic treatment produces a significant improvement in the majority of cases with a low rate of minor adverse events reported.

Short-Term Effects of Rolling Massage on Energy Cost of Running and Power of the Lower Limbs. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2018,10:1-23. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0142.

Purpose: Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a type of self-massage that is becoming popular among athletes. However, SMFR effects on running performance have not been investigated yet. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of SMFR on cost of running (Cr). In addition, we evaluated the effects of SMFR on lower limbs muscle power.

Methods: The measurement of Cr and lower limb muscle power during squat jump (SJ) and counter movement jump (CMJ) were performed before (PRE), immediately after (POST) and 3hours after (POST 3h) a SMFR protocol (experimental condition). In the "control condition" testing session, the same measurements were performed without undergoing the SMFR protocol. Experimental and control conditions were tested in a randomized order.

Results: Cr at POST trended to increase as compared to PRE (+6.2[+ or -]8.3%, p=0.052), while at POST 3h Cr was restored to PRE values (+0.28[+ or -]9.5%, p = 0.950). In the experimental condition, no significant "Time" effect was observed for maximal power exerted during SJ. On the other hand, maximal power exerted during CMJ at POST and POST 3h was significantly higher than that observed at PRE (+7.9[+ or -]6.3%, p=0.002; and +10.0+8.7%, p=0.004, respectively). The rate of force development measured during CMJ also increased after SMFR, reaching statistical significance at 200 ms from force onset at POST 3h (+38.9%, p=0.024).

Conclusions: An acute use of foam roller for SMFR performed immediately prior to running may negatively affect the endurance running performance, while its use should be added before explosive motor performances that include stretch-shortening cycles.

Tepid massage for febrile children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Nurs Pract. 2018 May 10:e12649. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12649.

Aim: This study aimed to examine the effect of tepid massage in febrile children comparing with other fever management.

Methods: Experimental studies published in English were included; quasi-experimental research studies were also included in consideration of rare experimental studies in Korean. The search strategy sought to identify published research reports in the English language and covered all major databases up to 2016. The methodological quality of each study was assessed by 2 independent reviewers using a Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network's Methodology Checklist. Means and standard deviations were used for continuous variables, and standardized mean difference was used for variables of different scales. Heterogeneity was assessed using the 12 statistics after visual reviewing with forest plots.

Results: This study reviewed mainly the effect of tepid massage on temperature compared with the use of antipyretics, along with other adverse effects in relation with fever management. The results revealed no significant effect of tepid massage on temperature in febrile children. In addition, incidence rates of adverse effects including chills, goose pimples, and discomfort were higher in tepid massage groups.

Conclusion: This meta-analysis showed the need for re-verification of commonly used practice including the use of tepid massage and proper body temperature measurement.
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Title Annotation:RECENT RESEARCH
Author:Bustins, GA; Plaza, P-VL; Carvajal, Sr; Giovanelli, N; Vaccari, F; Floreani, M; Rejc, E; Copetti, J;
Publication:Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society
Date:Dec 22, 2018
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Next Article:Nutrition.

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