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Mass Atrocity Response Operations Handbook now available for military planners.

On 11 August 2011, President Barack Obama directed the establishment of an interagency Atrocities Prevention Board to coordinate a whole of Government approach to preventing mass atrocities and genocide. Presidential Study Directive-10, The Presidential Directive on Mass Atrocities and Genocide, was later codified in the Department of Defense's Strategic Guidance, Joint Publication 3.07, and the Army Operating Concept as Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO).

The Army's Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute's MARO Mass Atrocity Response Operations: A Military Planning Handbook defines MARO as, "a contingency operation to halt the widespread and systematic use of violence by state or non-state armed groups against non-combatants."


Though MARO is a new military term, it shares many similarities with other types of Army operations. Sustainment planners will continue to focus on doctrinal planning considerations such as sustainment preparation of the operating environment. However, sustainers planning MARO must consider how their efforts affect the relationships between the killers (perpetrators), the victims, and interveners as well as effects on nongovernmental and private volunteer distribution systems.

The MARO handbook is available online at

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Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:HEADLINES
Publication:Army Sustainment
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 1, 2012
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