Marzali, Amri, 2001, Kekerasan sosial di Kalimantan: sebuah analisis antropologi sosiokultural.
In 1999 there had already been troubles between the Dayaks and Madurese immigrants in West Kalimantan, and then in 2001 all hell broke loose in Central Kalimantan as people's pent-up frustrations were released in what can only be described as a bloodbath. In this article the author approaches this problem of ethnic violence from an anthropological point of view, trying to discover what went wrong. After all, the Dayaks and Malays have lived together for centuries in a state of (sometimes uneasy) symbiosis. Like the Madurese, the Malays are also Muslim, so obviously the major cause was not religious, or was it a question of a blatant parading of religion in an arrogant fashion? Whereas the Dayaks have never really felt that they have to profile themselves in relation to the Malays, there are plenty of signs that they fostered different feelings towards the Madurese and their religious practice. For instance, in recent years the Dayaks have fought long and hard for official recognition of their own religion, Agama Helu Kaharingin. The arrival of big business in the region in the form of logging companies intent on wresting the jungle with which the Dayaks identify themselves from them, exacerbated the situation. Frustration and feelings of being second-rate citizens boiled over into aggression and, as can happen anywhere, social values were abandoned and mob violence took over. Perhaps this might not have happened if the Dayaks, and to a lesser extent the Malays, had felt that there was a just and impartial state system to which they could appeal for redress of their grievances, but that was sadly lacking. (EI, Rosemary Robson-McKillop)
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|Publication:||Borneo Research Bulletin|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Jan 2, 2002|
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