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Mariovo's economy and business opportunities.

Mariovo's geography, climate and abundance of raw materials have made the place a fertile soil for stock-breeding, farming, forestry and mining. Mariovo has always been famous for its artisanal cheese (bieno sirenje) also known locally as "beaten cheese". Also, delicious and top-quality cheese, types of yellow cheese known as kaskaval and whey cheese (urda) are made of sheep and goat milk. Mariovo's terrain and waterway network proved conducive to the development of hill and mountain farming, dominant crops being wheat, rye, barley and oat, and corn being less present. Dominant vegetable crops are potatoes and beans. Small farmers for their own needs also grow onion, garlic, cucumbers, peppers and tomatoes.

Of the industrial crops, tobacco is also grown in a small area, in the Prilep villages of Krusevica, Vitoliste, Dunje and Caniste. The soil and climate are also ideal for orchards. Dominant fruits are plums, sour cherries, quinces, apricots, peaches and walnuts. The many floral and grassy meadows, as well as the black pine, cornel tree, hazel and juniper woods make Mariovo the ideal spot for bee farming. The renowned Mariovo honey was awarded a gold medal at an exhibition in Bucharest in the late 1980s.

Forests in Mariovo cover 230,208 hectares, which is 26 percent of all the forests in Macedonia. Woods in Mariovo consist mostly of black and white pine--molika, especially on Mt. Nidze, beech, fir, oak (blagun), hornbeam, hazel, and Turkey oak trees. Molika, Macedonian oak, wild hazelnut and Persian juniper are endemic species.

The intensive geological development and the massive residues of the volcanic relief in Mariovo made the region rich in various ore, which triggered the growth of mining ever since the period of Antiquity and the early Middle Ages.

Mariovo has a huge hydro potential, too, thanks to the Crna Reka river with its tributaries Konjarka, Gradesnica, Vitoliska and Blasnica. The high water potential coupled with the region being scarcely populated stand behind the idea of constructing the Cebren and Galiste hydroelectric power stations. However, all the Macedonian government's international calls for bids from investors have so far failed. The business opportunities that Mariovo offers in terms of ore deposits and natural attractions are a good foundation for helping this region spring to life again and improve its catastrophic demographic trends. They also contribute considerably to the overall economic growth and progress of the Republic of Macedonia.

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Publication:Macedonian Diplomatic Bulletin
Geographic Code:4EXMA
Date:Jan 1, 2016
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