Margaret, of Valois.
Margaret, of Valoisalso called Margaret of France or Queen Margot French Marguerite de Valois, or de France, or Reine Margot (b. May 14, 1553, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Fr.--d. March 27, 1615, Paris)
Queen consort of the Protestant Henry de Bourbon, king of Navarre (the future Henry IV). She was known for her licentiousness and for her Memoires, a vivid exposition of France during her lifetime.
The daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medicis, Margaret played a secondary part in the prevailing wars between Roman Catholics and Protestants from the moment she took her place at court in 1569. When her husband's growing power and dynastic needs raised the possibility of an annulment of their childless marriage, Margaret withheld her consent until Henry's mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrees, died; she then released Henry to marry Marie de Medicis (1600) but retained her title. In addition to her Memoires, she wrote poems and letters.