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Managing American Wildlife.

"Managing American Wildlife," subtitled "A History of the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies," by Dian Olson Belanger, has been published by The University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA 01004. Founded in 1902, the IAFWA has been an effective advocate for professional wildlife management. It is primarily made up of professional conservationists from the state fish and wildlife and natural resource agencies, but also includes members from related Federal agencies as well. The author, a former historian at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History, has provided a very readable and useful history of the administration of fish and wildlife conservation agencies.

This book is necessarily written from the perspective of the IAFWAs primary members-the state natural resource agencies, and reflects their concerns about various state-federal controversies over resource management. In addition, it traces the development of the state agencies and their efforts to promote fish and wildlife conservation and management and grapple with the many problems along the way. Issues covered include migratory bird policy, refuges, fish and wildlife propagation, effects of World Wars I and II on conservation, pesticides and other pollutants, outdoor recreation, marine mammals, endangered species, international agreements, and much more.

It covers the period from the inception of many state fish and game agencies and when most of their employees were political appointees, to the development of professionalism in the fields of fisheries and wildlife management. Importantly, the author places all those strides in context with the many other fish and wildlife and environmental steps and controversies which were being debated and made, which gives a valuable insight into this important field.

From its inception, "the International" has promoted rational and professional fish and wildlife management, public understanding of the need for sound management, collaboration between conservation agencies and organizations with similar goals, and much more. This book is an excellent rendition of their progress and successes.

Also included are extensive notes and literature sources, an index; appendices provide data on major developments in the history of fish and wildlife management, presidents of the IAFWA, dates and places of annual meetings, honorary life members, recipients of the Seth Gordon and Ernest Thompson Seton awards, and a digest of the resource policies of the IAFWA.

The parts on marine resources are a bit light, for the emphasis seems to be on wildlife. The section of the MMPA is likewise very brief. However, the book is an important resource in the history of natural resource management, particularly from the point of view of state fish and wildlife agencies. The 247page volume is available from the publisher in both paperback ($11.95) and hardback ($25.00) editions.
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No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1988 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Publication:Marine Fisheries Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Sep 22, 1988
Previous Article:Flagship: A History of Fisheries at the University of Washington.
Next Article:Guardian of the Wild.

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