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Management of hydrallantois in a murrah buffalo.

Introduction

Hydrallantois is gestational disorder with sudden increase in allantoic fluid occuring in allantoic cavity due to foetal membrane pathology leading to bilateral enlargement of abdomen. This is more common in last phase of third trimester in dairy and beef cattle and less in buffaloes and heifer (Srinivas and Sreenu, 2006). Excessive accumulation of allantoic fluid in allantoic sac occurs as a single pathological factor in 85-90% of dropsical conditions affecting fetus and its membranes in bovines (Roberts, 1986 and Youngquist, 1997). Hydrallantois is reported to be common in cattle (Sloss and Dufty, 1980) and buffaloes (Luthra et al., 2001) but has also been reported in other species as well. The present report describes hydrallantois in a buffalo.

History and Clinical Observation

A 9 yrs old murrah buffalo was presented with history of full term gestation and sudden enlargement of abdomen in last 15 days. The animal was straining since last 8 hrs but was unable to deliver fetus. The buffalo was dull and depressed, eye balls were sunken and muzzle was dry. All physiological parameters were normal except respiration rate. The animal was showing symptoms of respiratory distress. The buffalo was in lying position since last 24 hrs and was unable to stand. Rectal examination revealed highly distended uterus covering most of pelvic cavity. Per-vaginal examination revealed incomplete dilation of cervix. Based on history, symptoms and observations the case was diagnosed as hydrallantois.

Treatment

Dilation therapy (Inj. Progynon depot, 3 ml; Inj. Epidosin (a), 8 ml; Inj. Vetmate (b), 2 ml and Inj. Betnesol, 10 ml) was given to animal. After 18 hrs of dilation therapy, cervix was properly dilated and allantoic cavity (water bag) ruptured and about 45-50 liters of allantoic fluid escaped out from birth canal. Per-vaginal examination was again carried out to observe orientation of fetus in birth canal which revealed dead fetus in anterior longitudinal presentation. After proper lubrication of birth canal and fetus with liquid paraffin, dead fetus was removed by manual traction. Then separated part of placenta was removed from vagina manually and again about 40 litres of allantoic fluid was drained out from uterus. The drained allantoic fluid was watery and amber in colour. The animal was administered with 4 liters of Ringer lactate and 4 liters of NSS intravenously. Injections of Amoxycillin + Cloxacillin 4gm, Meloxicam (c) 100 mg and Chloropheniramine maleate 100 mg were administered intramuscularly whereas injection Dexamethasone 40 mg was administered intravenously. Steclin (d) bolus 4gm was placed in uterus. The same treatment was continued for next 3 days except Dexamethasone. The animal recovered uneventfully.

Discussion

Hydrallantois in buffaloes is common during last trimester of gestation and is reported to be handled successfully using dexamethasone (Chandolia et al., 1988 and Prabhakar et al., 1991), prostaglandin analogues (Chandolia et al., 1989), combination of prostaglandin and corticosteroids (Sloss and Dufty, 1980 and Luthra et al, 2001). In the present case, combination of estrogen, Valethamate bromide, prostaglandin and corticosteroid was used for cervical dilation. Sudden increase in fluid imposed pressure over diaphragm resulted in respiratory distress. The shifting of fluid from interstitial tissue or cell to cavity might have been responsible for dehydration, sunken eye, dullness and depression (Arthur et al., 1989). Drainage of allantoic fluid or caesarean operation is the only treatment option (Arthur loc. cit). In the present case, first dilation therapy was given to dilate cervix and then fetus was removed with manual traction. Dexamethasone was administered to prevent shock due to rapid drainage of fluid.

References

Arthur, G.H., Noakes, D.E. and Pearson, H. (1989). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, ELBS, pp. 118-120.

Chandolia, R.K., Khar, S.K., Suresh Chander and Verma, S.K. (1988). Induction of parturition with dexamethasone in buffaloe with hydrallantois. Ind. Vet, J. 65: 156-58.

Chandolia, R.K., Verma, S.K., Suresh Chander, Narender Singh and Chandana, I.S. (1989). Response of two buffaloes with hydroamnios and hydrallantois to treatment with dinoprost--a case report. Ind. Vet, J, 66: 861-64.

Luthra, R.A., Khar, S.K. and Nanda, T. (2001). Therapeutic management of hydrallantois in buffaloes. Intas Polivet 2: 24-26.

Prabhakar, S., Dhaliwal, G.S. and Sharma, R.D. (1991). Effect of dexamethasone in the treatment of hydrallantois in buffaloes. Ind. Vet. J. 68: 1090-91.

Roberts, J.S. (1971). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases (Theriogenology). CBS Publishers and Distributors, p. 181-82.

Roberts, S.J. (1986). Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases (Theriogenology). 3rd Edn. CBS Publication, New Delhi. p. 225-28.

Sloss, V. and Dufty, J.H. (1980). Handbook of Bovine Obstetrics. William and Wilkins, Baltimore, London pp. 88-89 and 121.

Srinivas, M. and Sreenu, M. (2006). Hydroallantois with foetal ascites in a buffalo. Indian Vet, J. 83: 1342-43.

Youngquist, R.S. (1997). Current Therapy in Large Animal Theriogenology. Ed. W.B. Saunders company. Philadelphia. p. 400-03.

Bhoopendra Singh (1), K.P. Singh, J.P. Singh and H.N. Singh

Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Narendra Dev University of Agriculture and Technology (NDUAT) Kumarganj Faizabad--224229 (Uttar Pradesh).

(1.) Corresponding author. E-mail: drbsvet@gmail.com

(a)--Brand of TTK Healthcare, Chennai

(b)--Brand of Cargil Animal Health, Bengaluru

(c)--Brand of Intas Animal Health, Ahmedabad

(d)--Brand of Zydus Animal Health, Ahmedabad
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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Short Communication
Author:Singh, Bhoopendra; Singh, K.P.; Singh, J.P.; Singh, H.N.
Publication:Intas Polivet
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:9INDI
Date:Jul 1, 2014
Words:863
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