(1751 - 1836) Fourth president of the U.S. (1809 - 17). After serving in the Continental Congress during the American Revolution, Madison was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, where he helped secure passage of Thomas Jefferson 's bill for religious freedom. As a member of the Constitutional Convention (1787), he played a dominant role in the framing of the Constitution, which he later defended in the Federalist papers. He continued his close association with Jefferson, with whom he prepared the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, condemning the Alien and Sedition Acts, and under whom he served as secretary of state. After Madison's election to the presidency, continued friction with Great Britain over U.S. neutral rights led to the War of 1812, which found the U.S. unprepared and disunited. The war's opponents, especially in New England and New York, dubbed it " Mr. Madison's war. " In the last years of his administration, Madison advocated tariff protection and a strong army.
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Publication:||Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1987|
|Previous Article:||McLuhan, (Herbert) Marshall.|
|Next Article:||Mahler, Gustav.|