Printer Friendly

Macular Degeneration; Prevention.

There is no known way to prevent age-related macular degeneration (AMD), although the vitamin/mineral combination described earlier (high doses of vitamin C, E, beta carotene and zinc-along with copper) can slow intermediate or early advanced AMD from progressing.

Your best bet for protecting your eyesight is getting regular, comprehensive eye examinations. If you are diagnosed with dry AMD, the National Eye Institute recommends a dilated pupil eye exam at least once a year. And, because dry AMD can progress to wet AMD, if you have dry AMD, you might want to discuss with your health care professional whether you should use an Amsler grid to check each eye periodically for signs of wet AMD. If you detect changes, contact your health care professional for an eye exam.

If you are diagnosed with wet AMD, and your health care professional may recommend laser surgery or photodynamic therapy, don't delay the procedure. If you do, the disease may progress to the point where treatment to try to slow its progression and protect remaining sight may not be an option. Ask your health care professional which other steps you should take to evaluate and preserve your vision, particularly in the arena of vitamin/mineral supplements.

Your lifestyle can play a role in reducing your risk of developing AMD:

* eat a healthy diet high in green, leafy vegetables and fish

* do not smoke

* maintain normal blood pressure

* watch your weight

* exercise

"FDA Approves New Drug Treatment for Age-Related Macular Degeneration." [press release]. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 12/20/04; http://www.fda.gov.

"Statistics on Blindness and Blinding Diseases in the United States." University of Washington, Department of Ophthalmology. November 1, 2004. http://www.depts.washington.edu/ophthweb. Accessed June 14, 2004.

Stargardt's Gene Discovery. National Eye Institute Statement. National Eye Institute. May 1998. http://www.nei.nih.gov/news/statements/stargene.htm. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Age-Related Macular Degeneration: What You Should Know." National Eye Institute. March 2004. http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/armd_facts.htm. Accessed: June 14, 2004.

"Macular Degeneration: FAQ." The Foundation Fighting Blindness. Copyright 2004. http://www.blindness.org/faq.asp?type= 2#16. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Macular Degeneration: What's New?" American Health Assistance Foundation. Copyright 2004. http://www.ahaf.org/macular/about/maabout.htm. Accessed: June 14, 2004.

"Visudyne." CibaVision/Novartis. http://www.pharma.us.novartis.com/products/pi/pdf/visudyne.pdf. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Understanding Macular Degeneration: Age-Related." Macular Degeneration International. http://www.maculardegeneration.org/agerdex.html. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS)." National Eye Institute. http://www.nei.nih.gov/amd/summary.htm. October 2001. Accessed June 14, 2004.

" Macular Degeneration. The Foundation Fighting Blindness." Copyright 2004. http://www.blindness.org/faq.asp?type=2 Accessed June 14, 2004.

Allikmet R. Singh N, Sun H, et al. "A photoreceptor cell-specific ATP-binding transporter gene (ABCR) is mutated in recessive Stargardt macular dystrophy." Nat Genet 1997 Mar; 15 (3)236-246.

"Macular Degeneration." American Academy of Ophthalmology. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology, 1997.

"FDA Puts Visudyne on Fast Track." American Academy of Ophthalmology. Copyright 1999-2004. http://www.aao.org/aao/news/industry/fda_visudyne.cfm. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Basic Anatomy of a Normal Human Eye." American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Updated November 6, 2001. http://www.macular.org/humaneye.html. 1998-2004. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Age-Related Macular Degeneration." National Eye Institute. March 2004. http://www.nei.nih.gov/health/maculardegen/armd_facts.htm. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Dry Macular Degeneration."American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Updated March 14, 2003. http://www.macular.org/dry.html. 1998-2004. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Examinations." American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Updated November 6, 2001. http://www.macular.org/exams.html. 1997-2000. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Macular Degeneration FAQs." The Foundation Fighting Blindness. Copyright 2004. http://www.blindness.org/faq.asp?=type2. Accessed June 14, 2004.

Guyer, David, MD. "New Treatments for Age-Related Macular Degeneration." Lighthouse International. Summer 2000. http://www.lighthouse.org/aging&vision_summer2000_armd.htm. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"FDA Approves Visudyne for Treatment of 'Wet' Macular Degeneration." American Macular Degeneration Foundation. http://www.macular.org/vistreat.html. Updated November 6, 2001. Accessed June 14, 2004.

Klein R, Klein BEK, Jensen SC, Meuer SM. "The five-year incidence and progression of age-related maculopathy: The Beaver Dam study." Ophthalmology 1997; 104:7-21, Table 5.

"Stargardt's Disease." American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Updated November 6, 2001. http://www.macular.org/stargardts.html. 1998-2004. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"National Eye Institute Statement on Study Associating Moderate Wine Consumption With Decreased Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration." National Eye Institute. http://www.nei.nih.gov/news/statements/wineandamd.htm. May 1998. Accessed June 14, 2004.

Varmus, Harold, MD. "Age Related Macular Degeneration: Status of Research." National Eye Institute. March 1997. http://www.nei.nih.gov/news/statements/varmus.htm. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"Wet Macular Degeneration." American Macular Degeneration Foundation. http://www.macular.org/wet.html. 1998-2004. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"What Can I Do About Age-Related Macular Degeneration?" Macular Degeneration Partnership. http://www.amd.org/site/PageServer?pagename=What_Can_I_Do. Accessed June 14, 2004.

"What Is Macular Degeneration?" American Macular Degeneration Foundation. Updated March 20, 2003. http://www.macular.org/disease.html. 1997-2000. Accessed June 14, 2004.

Editorial Staff of the National Women's Health Resource Center 2002/11/01 2005/03/16 Macular degeneration is a group of eye diseases that destroy central vision. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD),Amsler grid,Fluorescein angiography,Juvenile macular degeneration,Macular degeneration,Ophthalmoscopy,Photodynamic laser therapy,Stargardt's Disease
COPYRIGHT 2005 National Women's Health Resource Center
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2005 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:NWHRC Health Center - Macular Degeneration
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 16, 2005
Words:917
Previous Article:Macular Degeneration; Treatment.
Next Article:Macular Degeneration; Facts to Know.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters