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Lowfat vegan diet promotes weight loss.

What would happen if overweight, older women were placed on a lowfat vegan diet? That's what Neal Barnard, MD, and co-researchers wondered. The team recruited 64 overweight women and randomly assigned them to either a lowfat (10 percent of calories from fat) vegan diet or the sort of diet that is commonly recommended for people with high cholesterol levels (<30 percent calories from fat, low saturated fat, and cholesterol) for 14 weeks. The women were not told to reduce their calories and were allowed to prepare their own meals. They were asked not to change their usual exercise habits. The women on the vegan diet reduced protein, fat, and cholesterol intake and increased their fiber intake. Both groups lost weight, but the group on the vegan diet lost more, close to 13 pounds compared to 8 pounds lost in the other group. The group eating the vegan diet also had a greater reduction in waist circumference. These results show that a lowfat vegan diet can be useful for weight loss.

Barnard ND, Scialli AR, Turner-McGrievy G, et al. 2005. The effects of a low-fat, plant-based dietary intervention on body weight, metabolism, and insulin sensitivity. Am J Med 118: 991-97.
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Title Annotation:Scientific Update: A Review of Recent Scientific Papers Related to Vegetarianism
Author:Mangels, Reed
Publication:Vegetarian Journal
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 1, 2006
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