Printer Friendly

Lowfat vegan diet for type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes, affecting at least 8 percent of adults. Researchers at George Washington University recently investigated the use of a lowfat vegan diet as a way of treating adults with type 2 diabetes. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group, with 50 participants, was instructed about a standard diet for diabetics, the kind most doctors and dietitians recommend. This diet was low in saturated fat and promoted weight loss by reducing calories. The other group, with 49 participants, was instructed on a lowfat (10 percent calories) vegan diet. The vegan diet did not limit portion sizes or calories. Both groups reduced their intake of calories, fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol, but greater reductions in saturated fat and cholesterol were seen in those following the vegan diet. Participants on the vegan diet increased their carbohydrate intake. Both groups lost weight and had lower blood total and LDL cholesterol levels. Those following a vegan diet had a greater reduction in blood total and LDL cholesterol levels, possibly because of the lower saturated fat in their diet.

During the study period, 43 percent of vegan diet participants and 26 percent of the other participants reduced the amount of diabetes medication they used. This adjustment was done under a doctor's supervision. This study suggests that a lowfat vegan diet can be used to treat type 2 diabetes. However, people with diabetes should not attempt dietary or medication changes without medical supervision.

By Reed Mangels, PhD, RD, FADA

Barnard ND, Cohen J, Jenkins DJA, et al. 2006. A low-fat vegan diet improves glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in a randomized clinical trial in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 29:1777-83.
COPYRIGHT 2007 Vegetarian Resource Group
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2007, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Scientific Update: A Review of Recent Scientific Papers Related to Vegetarianism
Author:Mangels, Reed
Publication:Vegetarian Journal
Date:Jan 1, 2007
Previous Article:Vegetarians are more likely to produce equol--a substance that may play a role in cancer prevention.
Next Article:A bowl of brown rice a day keeps the dentist away?

Related Articles
Panel urges widespread testing for diabetes.
A young veggie looks for help in VRG website. (letters).
Diet and ovarian cancer: can a plant-based diet reduce risk?
Nutrition Hobart 2003: the 27th annual scientific meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, 30 November-3 December 2003.
Of interest in the journals.
Red meat associated with type 2 diabetes in women.
A very lowfat vegan diet meets nutrient needs of older men.
Lowfat vegan diet promotes weight loss.
Selective citation.

Terms of use | Copyright © 2017 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters