Looping, grouping and aligning the vowels.
LOOPING THE VOWELS
Vowels in alphabetical circular order (5 patterns): starting at A in each case, and moving from left to right to the end of the word then looping back to the beginning of the word and continuing to move from left to right until U is reached, passes through the vowels in alphabetical order.
AEIOU CAESIOUS EIOUA VENTRICORNUAL IOUAE ISOBUTANE OUAEI VOUCHSAFEING UAEIO UNATTENTION
Vowels in reverse alphabetical circular order (5 patterns): starting at U in each case, and repeating the same sequence of movements as above until A is reached, passes through the vowels in reverse alphabetical order.
UOIEA SUBCONTINENTAL AUOIE AUTHORIZE EAUOI PENNATULOID IEAUO IERFAULCON OIEAU COINTREAU
GROUPING THE VOWELS
VOWELS IN ALPHABETICAL CIRCULAR ORDER
In CAESIOUS (above, with vowel pattern AEIOU) the vowels are arranged in two groups, hence CAESIOUS can be said to have the vowel grouping (VG) AE--IOU. A systematic grouping of the 5 vowels is, I believe, new to Word Ways. Altogether there are 16 VGs based on the vowel pattern AEIOU. Here, each is illustrated by a single word where possible.
A-E-I-O-U ATENISODUS(nz) A-E-I-OU ANNELIDOUS A-E-IO-U ARTERIOSUS A-EI-O-U TAPEINOTUS (nz) AE-I-O-U CAESPITOSUS A-EI-OU MARVELIOUS AE-I-OU AE-IO-U PRAEDIOLUM(cld) A-E-IOU ABSTEMIOUS A-EIO-U PAREIOPHUS(nz) AEI-O-U AEILNODUS(wnh) AE-IOU AERIOUS AEI-OU A-EIOU HAREIOUS AEIO-U GAEIOCHUS AEIOU
Similarly, there are 16 VGs based on each of the remaining 4 alphabetically-circular vowel patterns EIOUA, IOUAE, OUAEI and UAEIO. This makes a total of 80 (5 x 16) VGs based on the 5 alphabetically-circular vowel patterns. In the lists which follow, locations (by country) are asterisked *. In the order in which they appear, they are Jeikrodrua (Ghana), Eirouar (Mauritania), Leiouna (Chad), Teioualt (Algeria), I ouake (Ivory Coast), Fonualei (Tonga), Bourawei (East Timor), Ngouyaezi (Comoros), Cotu-Baei (Romania), Ouaebi (Algeria), Kouaeir (Algeria), Cumarebito(Venezuela), Pulgaemi-Bong (N.Korea), Juazeiro (Brazil), Juncaveio (Portugal) and Phulae-i-Lop (Pakistan).
E - I - O - U - A SEMIPOPULAR E - IO - U - A HELIOFUGAL EI - O - UA JEIKRODRUA * E - IOU - A PERIOURA (nz) EIO - UA EIOUA TEIOUALT * I - O - U - A - E INOCULATE I - OU - A - E DISCOURAGE IO - U - AE CRIOPUNGAE I - OUA - E BIVOUAKE IOU - AE IOUAE O - U - A - E - I FORTUNATELING O - UA - E - I CONUALLESSIT OU - A - EI BOURAWEI * O - UAE - I OUA - EI OUATEIS (ch) OUAEI KOUAEIR * U - A - E - I - O CUMAREBITO * U - AE - I - O PULGAEMI-BONG * UA - E - IO QUATERNION U - AEI - O PHULAE-I-LOP * UAE - IO QUAESTIO UAEIO E - I - O - UA VENTRILOQUAL EI - O - U - A STEIROTUBA (nz) EI - OU - A GIBROULA EIO - U - A LEIOLUMA (nz) E - IOUA TEMIOUA (edncm) I - O - U - AE FILOPLUMAE IO - U - A - E BIOVULATE IO - UA - E LION-GUARDED IOU - A - E IOUCATTE I - OUAE LINOUAE (rog) O - U - A - EI BROMSULPHTHALEIN OU - A - E - I OUTWANDERING OU - AE - I NGOUYAEZI * OUA - E - I TROUADELLI O - UAEI CONUAEID U - A - E - IO UNAGGRESSION (w2) UA - E - I - O SQUAMELLIFORM (w2) UA - EI - O JUAZEIRO * UAE - I - O QUAESITOR U - AEIO E - I - OU - A KERIVOULA E - IO - UA E - I - OUA PETIT-THOUARS EI - OUA EIROUAR * EIOU - A LEIOUNA * I - O - UA - E INCONSTRUABLE I - OU - AE I - O - UAE IROQUAES (Hodge) IO - UAE IOUA - E IOUAKE * O - U - AE - I NOMURAELMIS (nz) O - UA - EI FONUALEI * O - U - AEI COTU-BAEI * OU - AEI OUAE - I OUAEBI * U - A - EI - O MULATEIRO U - AE - IO U - A - EIO JUNCAVEIO * UA - EIO UAEI - O VOWELS IN REVERSE ALPHABETICAL CIRCULAR ORDER Again there are 80 (5 x 16) VGs, this time based on the 5 reverse alphabetically-circular vowel patterns UOIEA, OIEAU, IEAUO, EAUOI and AUOIE. The locations * are Muodiella (Mozambique), Oiseanu (Romania), Oieranu (Solomon Is.), Boieau (Belgium), Cinetahuso (Turkey), Wildenauhof (Germany), Hietapuro (Finland), Pireaumont (Belgium), Krepsavuori (Russia), Enauolik (Canada), An-kuo-hsien (China) and Kafungoie (DR Congo). U - O - I - E - A UNOCCIDENTAL(w2) U - OI - E - A FUSOIDELLA (nz) UO - I - EA QUOTIDEAN U - OIE - A PUNGOIELLA (nz) UOI - EA SUOIDEA (gale) UOIEA O - I - E - A - U CONSIDERATUM O - IE - A - U ORVIETANUS OI - E - AU O - IEA - U OIE - AU MOIENAUNT OIEAU BOIEAU * I - E - A - U - O CINETAHUSO * I - EA - U - O RIDGE-AND-FURROW IE - A - UO I - EAU - O PIREAUMONT * IEA - UO IEAUO E - A - U - O - I ERABUTOXIN (dor) E - AU - O - I THESAUROSIS EA - U - OI PEANUT-OIL E - AUO - I ENAUOLIK * EAU - OI HEAUTBOIS EAUOI BEAUOIR A - U - O - I - E ACCUSTOMIZE A - UO - I - E VACUOLIZE AU - O - IE AUTOPSIES A - UOI - E DACQUOINTE (ah) AUO - IE SAUORIE AUOIE AUOIED U - O - I - EA SUBPOPLITEAL (st) UO - I - E - A DUOLITERAL UO - IE - A MUODIELLA * UOI - E - A U - OIEA O - I - E - AU ODIFFERAUNT (daw) OI - E - A - U POICEPHALUS (nz) OI - EA - U OISEANU * OIE - A - U OIERANU * O - IEAU CODIEAUM (aig) IE - A - UO IE - A - U - O HIETAPURO * IE - AU - O IERFAULCON IEA - U - O I - EAUO E - A - U - OI TENTACULOID EA - U - O - I REACCUSTOMING EA - UO - I EAU - O - I BEAUFORTI (mamsp) E - AUOI A - U - O - IE STATUTORIES AU - O - I - E AUTOSITE AU - OI - E DAUCOIDES AUO - I - E FAUORITE A - UOIE U - O - IE - A UNORIENTAL U - OI - EA PRUNOIDEA U - O - IEA UO - IEA UOIE - A O - I - EA - U CONTINEANTUR O - IE - AU MONIEFAULD O - I - EAU MOLINEAUX OI - EAU OISEAU OIEA - U I - E - AU - O WILDENAUHOF * I - EA - UO I - E - AUO IE - AUO IEAU - O E - A - UO - I KREPSAVOURI * E - AU - OI EBAUCHOIR E - A - UOI EA - UOI SEA-QUOITS EAUO - I DEAUORING? (inferred from endeauoring) A - U - OI - E BATULOIDES (nz) A - UO - IE AN-KUO-HSIEN * A - U - OIE KAFUNGOIE * AU - OIE HAUTBOIES AUOI - E PAUOISE
ALIGNING THE VOWELS
So far, the number of consonants preceding, interspersed with, or following a particular VG has not been important. However, in order to align the vowels, a process which involves more than one word, it becomes an important factor. Added to this, the words which combine to make a particular word set (below) must be of an equal length.
IDENTICAL VOWEL GROUPINGS
The simplest way of achieving an alignment of like vowels requires the words to have a common VG located in the same position in all the words. It follows that consonants occupy the same positions in each of the words. When the words are written underneath each other, vertical lines of like vowels appear.
C A M E L I O U N C A M E L I O U S F A C E T I O U S H A B E R I O U N M A N E R I O U S M A T E R I O U S P A F E L I O U N P A R E C I O U S (ch) B O I L E A U (edfc) B O I N E A U (Haiti) B O I T E A U (Jersey) D O I C E A U (Belgium) L O I S E A U (a surname) M O I N E A U N O I R E A U (France) N O I S E A U (France) P O I R E A U Z O I Z E A U (Haiti)
But that is too easy! Suppose, instead, the like vowels are required to appear in diagonal lines running from north-west to south-east. To achieve this, the common VG must be sited one letter place to the right in succeeding words. These two words thus utilize A-EI-OU, one of the 16 VGs of the vowel pattern AEIOU.
a-ei-ou A C L E I S T O U S (w2) C A S T E I L L O U (France)
The following VGs represent 8 of the remaining 9 alphabetical/reverse alphabetical circular vowel patterns (all except IEAUO). Note: in the first word set the 5 vowels occur as an unbroken group; in the second word set the two words are near antonyms.
eioua T E I O U A L T (Algeria) F R E I O U A T (Mauritania) ou-a-e-i O U T C A P E R I N G B O U K H A N E F I S (Algeria) u-o-ie-a U N O R I E N T A L H U R O N I E L L A (nz) e-a-u-o-i M E G A L U R O T H R I P S (nz) S H E L A P U T O V S K I Y (Russia) i-ou-a-e I N C O U R A G E S D I S C O U R A G E ua-e-i-o G U A C D N E J I T O S (Dom.R) S H U A N C H E N I Z O (China) oi-eau O I S E A U X P O I R E A U (Belgium) au-o-ie F A U L C O N N I E R C R A U N R O C H I E
Theoretically, the longer the word, and the more condensed the VG and the nearer it is to the beginning of the word, the greater the number of words which can be added. Such words, ending in a run of consonants, don't appear to exist. My largest sets consist of three words.
au-o-i-e A U R O M I T E N S au-o-ie A U M O N I E R S C A U P O N I S E D F A U B O N I E S S T A U R O L I T E G L A U M O R I E
These two particular sets of words are definitive examples of their kind because neither will accept another word having the same VG. This is because the first word begins with a vowel and the last word ends with a vowel. Adding a word at the beginning, or at the end, of either word set requires VGs which begin with U, or E, respectively. All of which leads on nicely to the next challenge.
MIXED VOWEL GROUPINGS
By allowing more than one of the 5 alphabetical/reverse alphabetical circular vowel patterns to form the basis of the VGs, larger sets of words are achievable. In this context, the reverse alphabetical VGs are less productive than the alphabetical VGs, so let us take a look at them first.
Reverse alphabetical circular vowel groupings
2 different VGs i-e-a-u-o C I N E T A H U S O (Turkey) o-i-e-a-u O R I L E M A K U N (Nigeria) 3 different VGs o-i-e-au P O S S I N G E R A U (Germany) u-o-i-e-a U R O S K I N N E R A (dfpf) au-o-i-e A U T O C L I P S E S au-o-i-e H A U D O N V I L L E (France) Alphabetical circular vowel groupings 2 different VGs e-i-ou-a T E L I N O U G A R (Chad) e-i-ou-a D J E N I M O U T A (Guinea) a-e-i-ou A N N E L I D O U S a-e-i-ou J A M B E L I G O U (CA Rep) oua-e-i O U A N E Z I D (Morocco) oua-e-i K O U A P E L I (Cert. Aft. Rep) i-oua-e I Z O U A T E N (Morocco) i-oua-e B I V O U A K E 3 different VGs i-oua-e I S O U A N E (Algeria) ioua-e T I O U A D E L (Morocco) ei-oua E I R O U A R (Mauritania) ioua-e J D I O U A T E (Morocco) ei-oua M E I D O U A (Mauritania) e-ioua E G J I O U A N (Niger) a-ei-ou A B E I N O U (Morocco) e-ioua R E C H I O U A (Morocco) a-e-iou A R E D H I O U (Cyprus) 4 different VGs
This set of 7 words embodies VGs based on 4 of the 5 alphabetically circular vowel patterns (all except UAEIO); it is just two words short of being a square!
o-u-a-e-i O R U M A G E G I (Nigeria) io-u-a-e I O D U R A Y E D io-u-a-e B I O V U L A T E e-io-u-a E R I O N U R A S (nz) e-io-u-a L E P I O T U L A (nz) a-e-io-u A G E N I O S U S (nz) a-e-io-u S A V E C I O N U (Lithuania) SOURCES OF NON-OED WORDS ah American Heritage Dictionary aig Agricultural Insects of Ghana, Ghana UP, compiled by John Forsyth, 1966 ch Chambers Dictionary cld Cassell's Latin Dictionary daw Dictionary of Archaic Words by James Orchard Halliwell, Bracken Books, 1989 dfpf A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants & Ferns by J.C. Willis, CUP 1966 dor Dorland's Medical Dictionary edfc Everyman's Dictionary of Fictional Characters by William Freeman, J.M. Dent 1973 edncm Everyman's Dictionary of Non-Classical Mythology by E. Sykes, J.M. Dent 1968 gale Grzimak's Animal Life Encyclopaedia Hodge Handbook of American Indians ed. by F.W. Hodge, 1907-10 mamsp A World List of Mammalian Species by G.B. Corbet & J.E.Hill, Natural History Museum Publications, OUP 1991 nz Nomenclator Zoologicus rog Roget's Thesaurus st Stedman's Medical Dictionary wnh Words, Names and History, Selected Writings of Cecily Clark, ed. Peter Jackson, D.S. Brewer, Cambridge 1995 w2 Webster's Second Edition Locations are taken from The United States Board on Geographic Names.
Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England
|Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback|
|Date:||Nov 1, 2005|
|Previous Article:||Magic square logology.|
|Next Article:||A true pyramid.|