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Lifestyle changes may prevent heart attacks in men.

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Nearly 80 percent of heart attacks in men could be prevented by adhering to a combination of healthful lifestyle behaviors, suggests a study published Sept. 22 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Researchers examined medical records of 20,721 healthy men, ages 45 to 79, and assessed whether they adhered to five healthful lifestyle factors: a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, low-fat dairy, and whole grains; no smoking; consuming alcohol in moderation (about one drink a day); waist circumference less than about 37 inches; and regular exercise (walking/biking at least 40 minutes a day). During an 11-year follow-up period 1,361 heart attacks occurred in the study population. Compared to following none of the positive lifestyle factors, adherence to only two--healthful diet and moderate alcohol consumption--was associated with a 35 percent reduced risk of heart attack, the study found. And, adhering to all five healthful behaviors, versus none, could prevent about four out of five heart attacks, the researchers concluded. The take-home message: Middle-aged and older men who adhere to the five lifestyle factors included in the study may significantly reduce their risk of heart attack.

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Publication:Men's Health Advisor
Date:Dec 1, 2014
Words:193
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