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Li Hsu-pin (Li Xubin) (1817-1858).

Chinese general. Principal war: Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864). Principal battles: Wuchang (Wuhan) (1856); Kiukiang (Jiujiang) (1858).

Born in Hunan province into a moderately prosperous family (1817); joined the Hunan militia, later famous during the Taiping Rebellion as the Hunan Braves (1852); won a reputation for aggressiveness, valor, and resourcefulness; becoming a veteran combat leader, he led the Braves in a successful assault on the Taiping stronghold of Wuchang (December 1856); he frustrated repeated Taiping counterattacks by constructing numerous water-filled trenches as obstacles; continued down the Yangtze valley, clearing the countryside around Kiukiang and then capturing the city itself (May 19, 1858); killed a few months later leading his troops in an assault on the Taiping fortress of Luchou (in Anhui) (November 15). <BL>

Sources:
Michael, Franz, and Chang Chung-li, The Taiping Rebellion: History
     and Documents, Vol. I. Seattle, 1966.
Teng, Ssu-yu, New Light on the History of the Taiping Rebellion.
     Cambridge, Mass., 1950.

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Author:Bongard, David L.
Publication:The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Words:153
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