Lecturers to vote on strikes.
Scotland's biggest teaching union, the EIS, called for the vote after turning down an offer of one per cent.
The University and College Union are already balloting their members.
If EIS members vote yes, action up to and including strikes could start on October 23. The ballot runs until October 10.
EIS general secretary Larry Flanagan said: "Lecturers in Scottish higher education institutions have endured pay awards of less than the rate of inflation for each of the past three years.
"They are not prepared to accept a fourth year of real-terms pay decline.
"The EIS estimate that lecturers have suffered realterms pay cuts of around PS5000 during the past three years. This is completely unacceptable."
The EIS will work with other unions in a co-ordinated campaign on lecturers' pay, which is negotiated at a UK level.
The Scottish Government said: "We have invested significant funding in our universities and colleges, and we appreciate the hard work and dedication of staff in the education sector.
"As independent bodies, pay is a matter for institutions, staff and the appropriate unions.
"We hope a solution can be found which avoids any disruption to students' learning."
PAY FURY J Larry Flanagan