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Lead-up to a revolution.

Tom Paine's Common Sense (see pp. 12-15) was just one of many factors that spurred an increasing number of colonists to see themselves as independent Americans rather than as British subjects.

This chronology shows some flashpoints of American rebellion between the end of the French and Indian War and the beginning of the American Revolution. Study it, then answer the questions that follow.

Chronology

1763: Treaty between Britain and France ends the French and Indian War.

1764: Britain's Parliament passes the Sugar Act, taxing molasses imported to the Colonies.

1765: Parliament passes the Stamp Act, taxing all printed materials, and the Quartering Act, requiring colonists to let British troops commandeer their homes.

1766: After months of boycotts and violent protests by colonists, King George III repeals (cancels) the Stamp Act.

1767: Parliament's Townshend Revenue Acts set a series of duties (indirect taxes) on imported goods.

1768: Bostonians refuse to pay duties; British warships enter Boston Harbor to enforce the law.

1770: Mar. 5: Boston Massacre--Five colonists are shot and killed by British soldiers during a protest-turned-riot.

1773: Dec. 16: Boston Tea Party--Protesters angry at taxes on imported tea toss tea chests off ships into Boston Harbor.

1774: Bostonians ignore British order to pay for damaged tea; British ships blockade Boston's port.

1775: Apr. 19: Shots fired at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts; American Revolution begins.

QUESTIONS

1. Which chronology entries reflect Britain's attempts to recover from the expense of fighting the French and Indian War through taxes?--

2. Why did the King repeal the Stamp Act?--

3. What was Britain's first response to the Boston Tea Party?--

4. What was the second?--

5. The Constitution's Third Amendment sags, in part, "No soldier shall ... be quartered in any house without the consent of the Owner." That was a response to which entry?--

Bonus research question: Name the lawyer who defended the British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre, even though he opposed British rule.

1. the Sugar Act, 1264; the Stamp Act, 1265; the Townshend Revenue Acts, 1767

2. Many colonists refused to pay it, and some antitax protests turned violent.

3. Britain ordered Bostonians to pay for all the tea that was damaged.

4. When Bostonians refused to pay, Britain sent ships to blockade Boston's port.

5. the Quartering Act, passed in 1265

Bonus research question: John Adams, who became the second President of the United States
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Title Annotation:CAUSE AND EFFECT/SEQUENCE
Publication:Junior Scholastic
Date:Oct 15, 2007
Words:396
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